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> Abstract: Changing Forest Service
Changing Forest Service Values and Their Implications for
Land Management Decisions Affecting Resource-Dependent Communities
by L. Cramer, J. Kennedy, R. Krannich, and T. Quigley
Articulating the USDA-Forest Service (USFS) core values was a major
task of the first meeting of all national forest supervisors, regional
foresters, and chiefs held at Snowbird, UT, in 1985. These values
were published as the agency "vision statement" entitled
Caring for the Land and Serving People (USDA-Forest Service 1986).
It was appropriate at the second meeting of this group (Sunbird
Conference, Tucson, AZ, 1989) that they examine 1) if USFS employees
endorse these vision statement values, and 2) if employees believe
the agency reward system supports them. To test this, a questionnaire
was mailed to the chief, deputy chiefs, regional foresters, and
forest supervisors (Kennedy and Quigley 1989). For a value comparison
with the newest generation of USFS employees, a 1 0% sample of entry-level
employees hired between 1985 and 1989 was also done.
The line officers at that conference judged the first Sunbird Values
Survey so important that they requested it be sent to a full, representative
sample of the agency in the summer of 1 990. This report represents
the results of both Sunbird Surveys I and 11 (about 1900 respondents,
63% return rate) from the three major agency divisions: National
Forest System, Research, and State and Private Forestry.
This executive summary presents only about 30% of the total findings
from the larger report. We focus on USFS multiple-use priorities
and values employees cherish, those the agency rewards, and values
the sample believes the USFS should rewardand only use the replies
of National Forest System respondents (n = 1626).