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> Abstract: Neilson et al 1995
Neilson, R. 1995. A model for predicting continental-scale vegetation
distribution and water balance. Ecological Applications. 5(2): 362-385.
A Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System (MAPSS) has been constructed for
simulating the potential biosphere impacts and biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks
from climatic change. The system calculates the potential vegetation type
and leaf area that could be supported at a site, within the constraints
of the abiotic climate. Both woody vegetation and grass are supported
and compete for light and water. The woody vegetation can be either trees
or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous, and needleleaved or broadleaved. A
complete site water balance is calculated and integrates the vegetation
leaf area and stomatal conductance in canopy transpiration and soil hydrology.
The MAPSS model accurately simulates the distributions of forests, grasslands,
and deserts and reproduces observed monthly runoff. The model can be used
for predictions of new vegetation distribution patterns, soil moisture,
and runoff patterns in alternative climates.