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Pacific Northwest Research Station
Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Study


Corvallis Forestry Sciences Laboratory
3200 SW Jefferson Way
Corvallis, Oregon 97331

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

MAPSS Home > Publications > Abstract: Bishop et al 1998


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Abstract

Bishop, G.; Church, M.; Aber, J.; Neilson, R.; Ollinger, S.; Daly, C. 1998. A comparison of mapped estimates of long-term runoff in the Northeast United States. Journal of Hydrology. 206: 176-190.


We evaluated the relative accuracy of four methods of producing maps of long-term runoff for part of the Northeast United States: MAN, a manual procedure that incorporates expert opinion in contour placement; RPRIS, an automated procedure based on water balance considerations; PnET-II, a physiologically based model of carbon/water balance in forests; and MAPSS (Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System), a rule/process-based vegetation distribution/water balance model. Our goal was to confirm the accuracy of the modeling and mapping procedures, and to see if any improvements to the models and methods might be suggested.


In our analyses, we compared contour maps derived from the four methods both qualitatively (visual inspection) and quantitatively (raster overlay and uncertainty analysis). The manual and automated (RPRIS) methods gave the best results. Our analyses suggest that methods directly integrating gaged runoff data (i.e., MAN and RPRIS) provide the best results under current climatic conditions. For predicting runoff under altered conditions, e.g., climate change, the existing models studied here (i.e., PnET-II and MAPSS) hold significant promise.

USDA Forest Service - Pacific Northwest Research Station, Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System Study
Last Modified: Monday, 16 December 2013 at 14:18:44 CST


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