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Charlie Crisafulli

Charlie Crisafulli

Ecologist
Pacific Northwest Research Station
Olympia Forestry Sciences Lab

Contact via email
Phone: (360)449-7834
Fax: (360)449-7801

Statement of Research:


I’m a research ecologist who’s been conducting work at Mount St. Helens since July 1980, just weeks after the catastrophic May 18, 1980, eruption. I’m leading studies that are providing insights into the initial and long-term responses of ecosystems to large, infrequent disturbance. My studies explore the ecology of the volcano’s small mammals, birds, amphibians, insects, and plants. My other research interests include the role of exotic species in montane lakes and the ecology of rare endemic salamanders.

Projects & Activities:


Spirit Lake

Spirit Lake. Photo by Charlie Crisafulli.

Mount St. Helens Research
On May 18, 1980, after weeks of tremors, Mount St. Helens
erupted spectacularly and profoundly changed a vast area
surrounding the volcano. In the 30 years since the catastrophic
eruption, scientists with the Land and Watershed Management
Program, along with their colleagues, have used the volcano
as a living laboratory for ecological research… read more

US Forest Service: Mount St. Helens Publications

Selected Publications:


2016

Nelson, P.R., B. McCune, T. Wheeler, L.H. Geiser, and C.M. Crisafulli. In press. Lichen community development along a volcanic disturbance gradient at Mount St. Helens. Pages x-y. in V.H. Dale, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses at Mount St. Helens: Revisited 35 Years After the 1980 Eruption. New York: Springer.

Parmenter, R.R., C.M. Crisafulli, T. E. Blackman, C.A. Parmenter, and J.A. MacMahon. In press. Primary succession on the Mount St. Helens volcano: Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) community assembly and species turnover, 1983-2010. in V.H. Dale, and C.M. Crisafulli, editors. Ecological Responses at Mount St. Helens: Revisited 35 Years After the 1980 Eruption. New York: Springer.

Swanson, F.J., J. Jones, C. Crisafulli, M. Gonzalez, and A. Lara. 2016. Puyehue-Cordon Caulle eruption 2011: Tephra fall and initial forest responses in the Chilean Andes. Bosque 37: 85–96.

Swanson, F.J., J. Jones, C. Crisafulli, M.E. Gonzalez, and A. Lara. 2016. Puyehue-Cordon Caulle eruption of 2011: Tephra fall and initial forest responses in the Chilean Andes. Bosque 37: 85–96.

2015

Che-Castaldo, C., C.M. Crisafulli, J.G. Bishop, and W.F. Fagan. 2015. What causes female bias in the secondary sex ratios of the dioecious woody shrub Salix sitchensis colonizing a primary successional landscape? American Journal of Botany 102(8): 1–14.

Crisafulli, C.M., F.J. Swanson, J.J. Halvorson, and B. Clarkson. 2015. Volcano ecology: Disturbance characteristics and assembly of biological communities. Pgs. 1265–1284 in: H. Sigurdsson, B. Houghton, S. McNutt, H. Rymer, and J. Stix, eds. Encyclopedia of Volcanoes 2nd Edition. London: Elsevier Publishing.

2014

Olson, D.H., and C.M. Crisafulli. 2014. Conservation Assessment for the Van Dyke’s Salamander (Plethodon vandykei). Version 1.0. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of the Interior, Interagency Sensitive Species Program. 55 p.

Pelleteir, T., C.M. Crisafulli, S. Wagner, A. Zellmer, and B. Carstens, B. 2014. Historical species distribution models predict species limits in western Plethodon salamanders using molecular approaches. Systematic Biology 0-1-17. DOI:10.1093/sysbio/syu090

Swanson, F.J., C.M. Crisafulli, and J. Jones. 2014. Recurado 12.2. Lecciones somber ecologia de disturbios a partir de la erupcion del volcan Chaiten. 453-457. In: Donoso C., ME González, A Lara, eds. Ecología Forestal: Bases para el Manejo Sustentable y Conservación de los Bosques Nativos de Chile. Ediciones Universidad Austral de Chile. 720 p.

Yurkewycz, R.P., J.G. Bishop, C.M. Crisafulli, J.A. Harrison, and R.A. Gill. 2014. Gopher mounds decrease nutrient cycling rates and increase adjacent vegetation in a volcanic primary succession. Oecologia DOI 10.1007/s0042-014-3075-7.

2010 - 2013

Swanson, F.J., J.A. Jones, C.M. Crisafulli, and A. Lara. 2013. Effects of volcanic and hydrologic processes on forest vegetation: Chaitén Volcano, Chile. Andean Geology 40 (2): 359–391. doi: 10.5027/andgeoV40n2-a10

Spear, S.F., C.M. Crisafulli, and A. Storfer. 2012. Genetic structure among coastal tailed frog populations at Mount St. Helens is moderated by post-disturbance management. Ecological Applications 22(3): 856–869.

Mazza, R., C.M. Crisafulli, and F.J. Swanson. 2011. Mount St. Helens: Still erupting lessons 31 years later. Science Findings, Vol. 135. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Swanson, M.E., J.F. Franklin, R.L. Beschta, C.M. Crisafulli, D.A. DellaSala, R.L. Hutto, D.B. Lindenmayer, and F.J. Swanson. 2011. The forgotten stage of forest succession: Early successional ecosystems on forest sites. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(2): 117–125

Swanson, M.E., J.F. Franklin, R.L. Beschta, C.M. Crisafulli, D.A. DellaSala, R.L. Hutto, D.B. Lindenmayer, and F.J. Swanson. 2011. A reply to King et al. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Doi:10.1890/11.WB.017: 320.

Mazza, R., C.M. Crisafulli, and F.J. Swanson. 2010. Mount St. Helens 30 years later: A landscape reconfigured. Science Update, Issue 19. Portland, OR: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.

Pallister, J.S., J.J. Major, T.C. Pierson, [and others including F.J. Swanson and C.M. Crisafulli]. 2010. Interdisciplinary studies of eruption at Chaitén Volcano, Chile. EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union. 91(42): 381–392.

2006 - 2009

Major, J.J., C.M. Crisafulli, P. Frenzen, and J. Bishop. 2009. After the disaster: The hydrogeomorphic, ecological, and biological responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington, in J.E. O’Connor, R.J. Dorsey, and I.P. Madin, eds., Volcanoes to Vineyards: Geologic Field Trips through the Dynamic Landscape of the Pacific Northwest: Geological Society of America Field Guide 15, p. 1–24, doi: 10.1130/2009.fld015(06).

Crisafulli, C.M. 2008. Change, survival, and revival: lessons from Mount St. Helens. Pages 10–17 in C. Goodrich, K. Dean Moore, and F.J. Swanson, eds. In the Blast Zone: Catastrophe and Renewal on Mount St. Helens. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.

Larson, D.W., J. Sweet, R.R. Petersen, and C.M. Crisafulli. 2006. Posteruption response of phytoplankton and zooplankton communities in Spirit Lake, Mount St. Helens, Washington. Lake and Reservoir Management 22: 273–292.

McIntyre, A.P., R.A. Schmitz, and C.M. Crisafulli. 2006. Associations of the Van Dyke’s Salamander (Plethodon vandykei) with volcanic geomorphic conditions in headwall seeps of the Cascade Range, Washington state. Journal of Herpetology 40: 309–322.

2005

Allen, M.F., C.M. Crisafulli, S.J. Morris, L.M. Egerton-Warburton, J.A. MacMahon, and J.A. Trappe. 2005. Mycorrhizae and Mount St. Helens: Story of a symbiosis. 2005. Pages 221–232 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Bishop, J.G., W.F. Fagan, J.D. Schade, and C.M. Crisafulli. 2005. Causes and consequences of herbivory on prairie lupine (Lupinus lepidus) in early primary succession. Pages 151–162 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Bisson, P.A., C.M. Crisafulli, B.R. Fransen, R.E. Lucas, and C.P. Hawkins. 2005. Responses of fish to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. 2005. Pages 163–182. in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Crisafulli, C.M., J.A. MacMahon, and R.R. Parmenter. 2005. Small-mammal survival and colonization on the Mount St. Helens volcano: 1980–2002. Pages 199–220 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer

Crisafulli, C.M., F.J. Swanson, and V.H. Dale. 2005. Overview of ecological responses to the eruption of Mount St. Helens: 1980–2005. Pages 287–300 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Crisafulli, C.M., L.S. Trippe, C.P. Hawkins, and J.A. MacMahon. 2005. Amphibian responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. Pages 183–198 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Dale, V.H., D.R. Campbell, W.M. Adams, C.M. Crisafulli, V.I. Dains, P.M. Frenzen, and R.F. Holland. 2005. Plant succession on the Mount St. Helens debris-avalanche deposit. Pages 59–74 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Dale, V.H., F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli. 2005. Disturbance, survival, and succession: Understanding ecological responses to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. Pages 3–12 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Dale, V.H., F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli. 2005. Ecological perspectives on management of the Mount St. Helens landscape. Pages 277–286 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Parmenter, R.R., C.M. Crisafulli, N. Korbe, G. Parsons, M. Edgar, and J.A. MacMahon. 2005. Posteruption arthropod succession on the Mount St. Helens volcano: The ground-dwelling beetle fauna (Coleoptera). Pages 139–150 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Swanson, F.J., C.M. Crisafulli, and D.K. Yamaguchi. 2005. Geological and ecological settings of Mount St. Helens before May 18, 1980. Pages 13–26 in V.H. Dale, F.J. Swanson, and C.M. Crisafulli, eds. Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens. New York: Springer.

Crisafulli, C.M., D.R. Clayton, and D.H. Olson. 2005. Conservation Assessment for the Larch Mountain Salamander (Plethodon larselli). Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of the Interior, Interagency Sensitive Species Program.

Crisafulli, C.M., D.R. Clayton, and D.H. Olson. 2005. Conservation Assessment for the Van Dyke’s Salamander (Plethodon vandykei). Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of the Interior, Interagency Sensitive Species Program.

Crisafulli, C.M. 2005. Larch Mountain salamander, Plethodon larselli, Burns. Pages 132–135 in L.L.C. Jones, W.P. Leonard, and D.H. Olson, eds. Amphibians of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: Seattle Audubon Society.

Crisafulli, C.M. 2005. Cascade torrent salamander, Rhyacotriton cascade, Good and Wake. Pages 58–61 in L.L.C. Jones, W.P. Leonard, and D.H. Olson, eds. Amphibians of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: Seattle Audubon Society.

Jones, L.L.C., and C.M. Crisafulli. 2005. Van Dyke’s salamander, Plethodon vandykei, Van Denburgh. Pages 140–143 in L.L.C. Jones, W.P. Leonard, and D.H. Olson, eds. Amphibians of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: Seattle Audubon Society.

Dale, V.H., C.M. Crisafulli, and F.J. Swanson. 2005. 25 years of ecological change at Mount St. Helens. Science 308: 961–962.

Wagner, R.S., M.P. Miller, C.M. Crisafulli, and S.M. Haig. 2005. Geographic variation, genetic structure, and conservation unit designation in the Larch Mountain salamander (Plethodon larselli). Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 396–406.

1997 - 2001

Trippe, L.S., C.M. Crisafulli, and C.P. Hawkins. 2001. Development of habitat models for the Larch Mountain salamander (Plethodon larselli). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Olympia Forestry Sciences Laboratory. Final Report: Cooperative Agreements, PNW 98-9051-1-1A and PNW 98-9045-2-CC pp. 62. On file Olympia Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Olympia, WA.

Crisafulli, C.M. 1999. Survey protocol for the Larch Mountain salamander (Plethodon larselli). Pages 253–310 in D. Olson, ed. Survey Protocols for Amphibians under the Survey and Manage Provision of the Northwest Forest Plan Amphibians, Ver. 3.0. Portland, OR: Interagency Publication of the Regional Ecosystem Office.

Childress, W.M., C.M. Crisafulli, and E.J. Rykiel. 1998. Comparisons of Markovian matrix models of a primary successional plant community. Ecological Modeling 107: 93–102.

Crisafulli, C.M., and C.P. Hawkins. 1998. Ecosystem recovery following a catastrophic disturbance: Lessons learned from Mount St. Helens. Pages 23–26 in M.J. Mac, P.A. Opler, C.E. Puckett Haecker, and P.D. Doran, eds. Status and trends of the nation’s biological resources. 2 vols. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

Crisafulli, C.M. 1997. A habitat-based method for monitoring pond-breeding amphibians. Pages 83–111 in D.H. Olson, W.P. Leonard, and R.B. Bury, eds. Sampling amphibians in lentic habitats. Northwest Fauna 4: 1–135.

Hawkins, C.P., J. Feminella, and C.M. Crisafulli. 1997. Responses and recovery of stream-dwelling tailed frog and giant salamander populations following the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. In J.S. Richardson and T.R. Wahbe, eds. Proceedings of the Tailed Frog Workshop. April 14–17, 1997. Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia. 49 p.

1985 - 1994

Frenzen, P.F., Delano, A.M., and C.M. Crisafulli. 1994. Mount St. Helens: biological responses following the 1980 eruptions–an indexed bibliography and research abstracts (1980–93), Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-342. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 149 p.

Allen, M.F., C.M. Crisafulli, C.F. Friese, and S.L. Jeakins. 1992. Re-formation of mycorrhizal symbioses on Mount St. Helens, 1980–1990: interactions of rodents and mycorrhizal fungi. Mycological Research 96: 447–453.

Frenzen, P.F., and C.M. Crisafulli. 1990. Mount St. Helens ten years later: past lessons and future promise. Northwest Science 64: 263–267.

MacMahon, J.A., R.R. Parmenter, K.A. Johnson, and C.M. Crisafulli. 1989. Small mammal recolonization on the Mount St. Helens volcano: 1980–1987. American Midland Naturalist. 122: 365–387.

Parmenter, R.R., J.A. MacMahon, M.E. Waaland, M.M. Stuebe, P. Landres, and C.M. Crisafulli. 1985. Reclamation of surface coal mines in western Wyoming for wildlife habitat: A preliminary analysis. Reclamation and Revegetation Research 4: 93–115.