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Shannon Claeson

Shannon Claeson

Ecologist
Pacific Northwest Research Station
Olympia Forestry Sciences Lab

Contact via email
Phone: (360)753-7697
Fax: (360)753-7737



Statement of Research:


My research focuses on the interactions between riparian and aquatic systems, specializing on the role of aquatic invertebrates in stream and lake systems.
I am interested in community ecology, disturbance ecology, food-webs, and the ecological impact of invasive organisms.

Projects & Activities:


knotweeds

Effects of Knotweed Restoration on Riparian Vegetation
Japanese, giant, and bohemian knotweeds are invasive plants that
spread aggressively and reduce plant species diversity by establishing
dense knotweed monocultures. Restoration efforts require many years
of intensive surveys and chemical applications to the knotweed. The
restoration objective and assumed outcome is a return to a native plant
assemblage. To examine this assumption, we are measuring the diversity
and composition of plant species in riparian areas treated for knotweed
in the Chehalis Basin of Washington.

Collaborators: The Nature Conservancy, Chehalis Basin Knotweed Project
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Western Washington Fish and Wildlife Office

Leaf litter

Knotweed Leaf Litter Decomposition
Leaf litter inputs from riparian plants are an important source of
nutrients and organic matter for aquatic organisms in small streams.
When the riparian vegetation changes from diverse native plants to
a monoculture of knotweed the quantity, quality, and timing of these
inputs is altered and may negatively affect aquatic insects and fish.
Our objectives are to examine the nutrient and decomposition properties
of knotweed leaf litter as compared to native species, along with the
aquatic fungi and macroinvertebrates utilizing the leaf litter.

Collaborators: Dr. Carri LeRoy, The Evergreen State College

Debris Flows and Stream Biota Recovery

Debris Flows and Stream Biota Recovery
Climate change models for the Pacific Northwest predict more
extreme climatic events. Therefore, our understanding of natural
biotic recovery from major disturbances is important. In December
2007, a rain-on-snow event triggered large-scale debris flows
down two adjacent streams in Capitol State Forest, WA, removing
all riparian vegetation. We are monitoring stream temperatures,
fish and amphibian abundances, fish movement, aquatic insect
assemblages, and riparian vegetation succession before and
after the debris flows.

Collaborators: Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife Habitat Program

Macroinvertebrates and Dam Removal

Macroinvertebrates and Dam Removal
Hemlock Dam, in the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, was removed
from Trout Creek during the summer of 2009 in order to improve habitat,
productivity, and passage for fish. The intent of this study is to monitor
the impacts of dam removal and stream channel restoration on benthic
macroinvertebrate assemblages of Trout Creek upstream and downstream
of the removed dam. Certain macroinvertebrates are sensitive to
environmental stress and thus are representative of stream health.

Link: Gifford Pinchot National Forest

Selected Publications:


Claeson, S.M., C.J. LeRoy, J.R. Barry, and K.A. Kuehn. 2013. Impacts of invasive riparian knotweed on litter decomposition, aquatic fungi, and macroinvertebrates. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-013-0589-6

Claeson, S.M., and P.A. Bisson. 2013. Passive reestablishment of riparian vegetation following removal of invasive knotweed (Polygonum). Invasive Plant Science and Management 6: 208–218

Bisson, P.A., S.M. Claeson, S.M. Wondzell, A.D. Foster, A. Steel. 2013. Evaluating headwater stream buffers: lessons learned from watershed-scale experiments in southwest Washington. In Anderson, P. D. and K. L. Ronnenberg (eds). Density management for the 21st Century: west side story. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-880. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 169-188 Link to the full GTR at http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/pnw_gtr880.pdf or at http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/44785

Foster, A.D., and S.M. Claeson. 2011. Habitats and seasonality of riparian-associated millipedes in southwest Washington, USA. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 4(3): 1-18. http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/40836

Claeson, S.M., J.L. Li, J.E. Compton, and P.A. Bisson. 2006. Response of nutrients, biofilm, and benthic insects to salmon carcass addition. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63(6):1230-1241. http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/27914/PDF

Galvan, S.K., M.J. Adams, P.J. Happe, and S.M. Claeson. 2003. Final Report - Olympic National Park amphibian and reptile inventory, with emphasis upon terrestrial herpetofauna (1999-2001). USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, p. 94. http://fresc.usgs.gov/products/ProductDetails.aspx?ProductNumber=1254

Jung, R.E., S.M. Claeson, J.E. Wallace, and W.C. Welbourn, Jr. 2001. Eleutherodactylus guttilatus (Spotted Chirping Frog), Bufo punctatus (Red-spotted Toad), Hyla arenicolor (Canyon Tree Frog), and Rana berlandieri (Rio Grande Leopard Frog). Mite infestation. Herpetological Review 32 (1):33-34

Adams, M.J., and S.M. Claeson. 1998. Field response of tadpoles to conspecific and heterospecific alarm. Ethology 104: 955-961 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1998.tb00044.x/pdf