Trees of the Pacific Coast Old-Growth Forest
The Douglas-fir, western hemlock, western redcedar, Pacific silver fir, and
Sitka spruce are conifers--they have needles. Also, they produce their seeds
in cones. Conifers are well adapted to survive the Pacific Northwest's dry
An old-growth Douglas-fir is often 200 feet tall, and its trunk can be anywhere
from 3 to 20 feet in diameter. A tree the size has about 60 million needles.
The Statue of Liberty is 305 feet tall, measuring from the base to the top
of the torch. In comparison, that means the average old-growth Douglas-fir
is two-thirds as tall as the Statue of Liberty.
The biggest Douglas-fir tree that was ever found died a few years ago. It
was 298 feet tall and 12 feet in diameter. Here's how this biggest known Douglas-fir
compares in size to the blue whale, which is the largest animal.
|298 feet tall
||100 feet long
|Tree trunk weighed 175 tons
||Weighs as much as 150 tons
Here are some interesting facts about some of the main tree species in the
Pacific coast old-growth forest:
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis)
Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)
Western Redcedar (Thuja plicata)
Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)