Research Landscape Ecologist
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Lab, USDA Forest Service
400 N. 34th Street, Suite 201, Seattle, WA 98103
Phone: 206.732.7824 Fax: 206.732-7801
University of Washington, College of Forest Resources, Seattle, WA
Ph.D., Landscape Ecology, June 1998
M.S., Forest Biometrics, December 1994
University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
B.A., Anthropology and Psychology, June 1974
Research Landscape Ecologist, US Forest Service, 2002-
Research Scientist, University of Washington, 1998-2002
Current university affiliation
University of Washington
School of Environmental and Forest Sciences: Affiliate professor
JISAO-CSES Climate Impacts Group: Principal investigator for forest ecosystems
Cansler, C.A, and D. McKenzie. (in review). Fire size and ecological setting influence severity and spatial pattern of severity of fires in the Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Ecological Monographs.
McKenzie, D., U. Shankar, R.E. Keane, W.G. Heilman, E.N. Stavros, D.G. Fox, and A.C. Riebau. (in prep, to submit in June). Smoke consequences of new fire regimes driven by climate change. Science.
Stavros, E.N., D. McKenzie, and N.A. Larkin. (in review) Understanding climate, wildfire, and air quality feedbacks across spatial and temporal scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
Stavros, E.N., J. Abatzoglou, D. McKenzie, N.A. Larkin, and A. Steel. (in prep to submit March). Regional prediction of megafires in the western US from fire weather. International Journal of Wildland Fire.
McKenzie, D., and J.S. Littell. (in preparation). Climate change and the eco-hydrology of fire: why our area-burned predictions are wrong. Ecology Letters.
McKenzie, D., M.C. Kennedy, D.A. Falk, C. Miller, P.F. Hessburg, M.A. Moritz, and N.A. Povak. (in preparation). Landscape fire and ecosystem energetics. Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Iverson, L.R., and D. McKenzie. (in review). Tree-species range shifts in a changing climate – detecting, modeling, assisting. Landscape Ecology.
Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. (in press). Comparing algorithms for estimating foliar biomass of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-XXX, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
McKenzie, D., and M.C. Kennedy. 2012. Power laws reveal phase transitions in landscape controls of fire regimes. Nature Commnications doi: 10.1038/ncomms1731.
Raymond, C.L., and D. McKenzie. 2012. Carbon dynamics of forests in Washington, U.S: projections for the 21st century based on climate-driven changes in fire regime. Ecological Applications 22:1589-1611.
McKenzie, D., N.H.F. French, and R.D. Ottmar. 2012. National database for calculating fuel available to wildfires. EOS Transactions 93:57-58.
Cansler, C.A., and D. McKenzie. 2012. How robust are burn severity indices when applied in a new region? Evaluation of alternate field-based and remote-sensing methods. Remote Sensing 4:456-483.
Evans, S.A., C.B. Halpern, and D. McKenzie. 2012. The roles of forest structure and substrate in the diversity and abundance of forest-floor bryophytes in mature coniferous forests of western Washington, U.S.A. The Bryologist 115:278-294.
Peterson, D.L., and D. McKenzie. 2012. Understanding and adapting to new stress complexes in forest ecosystems. In W. Rodgers (ed.), Climate Change: A Reader. Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC.
McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.
McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk. 2011. Toward a theory of landscape fire. Chapter 1 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.
McKenzie, D., and M.C. Kennedy. 2011. Scaling laws and complexity in fire regimes. Chapter 2 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.
McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk. 2011. Synthesis: landscape ecology and changing fire regimes. Chapter 12 in McKenzie, D., C. Miller, and D.A. Falk, eds. 2011. The Landscape Ecology of Fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer Ltd.
McKenzie, D., and J.S. Littell. 2011. Climate change and wilderness fire regimes. International Journal of Wilderness 17:22-27,31.
Littell, J.S., D. McKenzie, B.K. Kerns, S.A. Cushman, and C.B. Shaw. 2011. Managing uncertainty in climate-driven ecological models to inform adaptation to climate change. Ecosphere 2(9):102. doi:10.1890/ES11-00114.1.
Falk, D.A., E.K. Heyerdahl, P.M. Brown, C. Farris, P.Z. Fulé, D. McKenzie, T.W. Swetnam, A.H. Taylor, and M.L. van Horne. 2011. Multiscale controls of historical forest fire regimes: new insights from fire-scar networks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:446-454.
Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, D. McKenzie, N.L. Stephenson, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, G.P. Malanson, D.S. Ojima, C.L. Tague, and P.J. van Mantgem. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. In J. Bellant and E. Beever (eds.), Ecological Consequences of Climate Change: Mechanisms, Conservation, and Management. Taylor and Francis, New York, NY.
French, N.H.F., William J. de Groot, L.K. Jenkins, B.M. Rogers, E. Alvarado, B.Amiro, B. de Jong, S. Goetz, E. Hoy, E. Hyer, R.E. Keane, D. McKenzie, Steven G. McNulty, B.E. Law, R.D. Ottmar, D.R. Pérez-Salicrup, J. Randerson, K.M. Robertson, and M. Turetsky. 2011. Model comparisons for estimating carbon emissions from North American wildland fire. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G00K05, doi:10.1029/2010JG001469.
McKenzie, D., F.A. Heinsch, and W.E. Heilman. (January 17, 2011). Wildland Fire and Climate Change. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Climate Change Resource Center. http://www.fs.fed.us/ccrc/topics/wildfire/index.shtml.
McKenzie, D. 2010. The effects of climatic change and wildland fires on air quality in national parks and wilderness areas. Fire Management Today 70:26-28.
Kennedy, M.C., and D. McKenzie. 2010. Using a stochastic model and cross-scale analysis to evaluate controls on historical low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology 25:1561-1573.
Littell, J.S., E.A. Oneil, D. McKenzie, J.A. Hicke, J.A. Lutz, R.A. Norheim, and M.M. Elsner.2010. Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA. Climatic Change 102:129-158.
McKenzie, D., D.L. Peterson, and J.S. Littell. 2009. Global warming and stress complexes in forests of western North America. In S.V. Krupa (ed.), Developments in Environmental Science, Vol. 8, Wild Land Fires and Air Pollution, A. Bytnerowicz, M. Arbaugh, A. Riebau, and C. Anderson (eds.). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science, Ltd. pp. 319-337.
Kopper, K.E., D. McKenzie, and D.L. Peterson. 2009. The evaluation of meta-analysis techniques for quantifying prescribed fire effects on fuel loadings. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-RP-582. Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
Littell, J.S., D. McKenzie, D.L. Peterson, and A.L. Westerling. 2009. Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003. Ecological Applications 19:1003-1021.
Baron, J.S., L. Gunderson, C.D. Allen, E. Fleishman, D. McKenzie, L.A. Meyerson, J. Oropeza, and N. Stephenson. 2009. Options for national parks and reserves for adapting to climate change. Environmental Management DOI 10.1007/s00267-009-9296-6.
Chen, J., J. Avise, B. Lamb, E.P. Salathé, C.F. Mass, A. Guenther, C. Wiedinmyer, J-F. Lamarque, S.M. O'Neill, D. McKenzie, and N. Larkin. 2009. The effects of global changes upon regional ozone pollution in the United States. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9:1125-1141.
Littell, J.S., E.E. Oneil, D. McKenzie, J.A. Hicke, J.A. Lutz, R.A. Norheim, and M. McGuire Elsner. 2009. Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA. Chapter 7 in The Washington Climate Change Impacts Assessment: Evaluating Washington's Future in a Changing Climate, Climate Impacts Group, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
McKenzie, D., and J.S. Littell. 2009. Climate change, fire, insects, and disturbance interactions: adaptation challenges in the West. Mountain Views 3:3-6.
McKenzie, D., C.L. Raymond, and S.C. Cushman. 2008. Modeling understory vegetation and its response to fire. Chapter 15, pp.391-414, in J. Millspaugh and F.R. Thompson III (eds.), Models for Planning Wildlife Conservation in Large Landscapes. Burlington, MA: Academic Press.
Kellogg, L.-K.B., D. McKenzie, D.L. Peterson, and A.E. Hessl. 2008. Spatial models for inferring topographic controls on low-severity fire in the eastern Cascade Range of Washington, USA. Landscape Ecology 23:227-240.
Heyerdahl, E.K., D. McKenzie, L.D. Daniels, A.E. Hessl, J.S. Littell, and N.J. Mantua. 2008. Climate drivers of regionally synchronous fires in the inland Northwest (1651–1900). International Journal of Wildland Fire 17:40-49.
McKenzie, D., and A.E. Hessl. 2008. A neutral model for low-severity fire regimes. Pages 139-149 in M. Narog, compiler, Proceedings of the 2002 Fire Conference: Managing Fire and Fuels in the Remaining Wildlands and Open Spaces ofthe Southwestern United States, December 2–5, 2002, San Diego, California.
McKenzie, D., C.L. Raymond, L.-K.B. Kellogg, R.A. Norheim, A.G. Andreu, A.C. Bayard, K.E. Kopper, and E. Elman. 2007. Mapping fuels at multiple scales: landscape application of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37:2421-2437.
Falk, D.A., C. Miller, D. McKenzie, and A.E. Black. 2007. Cross-scale analysis of fire regimes. Ecosystems 10:809-823.
Cushman, S.A., D. McKenzie, D. L. Peterson, J.S. Littell, and K.S. McKelvey. 2007. Research agenda for integrated landscape modeling. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-194. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.
McKenzie, D., and C.D. Allen. 2007. Climate change and disturbnace regimes in western North America. EOS Transactions 88(21):227.
McKenzie, D., S.M. O’Neill, N. Larkin, and R.A. Norheim. 2006. Integrating models to predict regional haze from wildland fire. Ecological Modelling 199:278-288.
McKenzie, D., A.E. Hessl, and L.-K.B. Kellogg. 2006. Using neutral models to identify constraints on low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology 21:139-152.
McKenzie, D., S.M. O’Neill, N. Larkin, and R.A. Norheim. 2006. How will climatic change affect air quality in parks and wilderness? In: D. Harmon, ed. Proceedings of the 2005 George Wright Society Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Wiedinmyer, C., B. Quayle, C. Geron, A. Belote, D. McKenzie, X. Zhang, S.M. O’Neill, and K.K. Wynne. 2006. Estimating emissions from fires in North America for air quality modeling. Atmospheric Environment 40:3419-3432.
Hessl, A.E., J. Miller, J. Kernan, and D. McKenzie. 2006. Mapping wildfire boundaries from binary point data: comparing approaches. Professional Geographer 59:87-104.
Raymond, C.L., L.-K.B. Kellogg and D. McKenzie. 2006. Mapping fuels on the Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests. Pages 293-304 in P.L. Andrews and B.W. Butler (editors). Fuels management - how to measure success: conference proceedings. March 28-30, 2006, Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
Halpern, C.B., D. McKenzie, S.A. Evans, and D.A. Maguire. 2005. Early responses of forest understories to varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention. Ecological Applications 15:175-195.
McKenzie, D., Z.M. Gedalof, D.L. Peterson, and P. Mote. 2004. Climatic change, wildfire, and conservation. Conservation Biology 18:890-902.
McKenzie, D. 2004. La historia del fuego y su relación con el clima. Pages 13-28 in: L. Villers-Ruiz and J López-Blanco, eds. Incendios forestales en México: métodos de evaluación. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, DF.
McKenzie, D., S. Prichard, A.E. Hessl, and D.L. Peterson. 2004. Empirical approaches to modelling wildland fire in the Pacific Northwest: methods and applications to landscape simulations. Chapter 7 in A.J. Perera, L. Buse, and M.G. Weber, eds., Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances. Columbia University Press, New York, NY.
Peterson, D.L., M.C. Johnson, J.K. Agee, T.B. Jain, D. McKenzie, and E.D. Reinhardt. 2005. Forest structure and fire hazard in dry forests of the western United States. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-628. Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
Hessl, A.E., D. McKenzie, and R. Schellhaas. 2004. Drought and Pacific Decadal Oscillation linked to fire occurrence in the inland Pacific Northwest. Ecological Applications 14:425-442.
McKenzie, D., D.W. Peterson, D.L. Peterson, and P.E. Thornton. 2003. Climatic and biophysical controls on conifer species distributions in mountain forests of Washington State, USA. Journal of Biogeography 30:1093-1108.
McKenzie, D., D.W. Peterson, and D.L Peterson. 2003. Modelling conifer species distributions in mountain forests of the Pacific Northwest. Forestry Chronicle 79:253-258.
McKenzie, D., A. Hessl, and D.L. Peterson. 2001. Recent growth in conifer species of western North America: assessing the spatial patterns of radial growth trends. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31:526-538.
Halpern, C.B., and D. McKenzie. 2001. Disturbance and post-harvest ground conditions in a structural retention experiment. Forest Ecology and Management 154:215-225.
McKenzie, D., D.L. Peterson, and J.K. Agee. 2000. Fire frequency in the Columbia River Basin: building regional models from fire history data. Ecological Applications 10:1497-1516.
McKenzie, D., C.B. Halpern, and C.R. Nelson. 2000. Overstory influences on herb and shrub communities in mature forests of western Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1655-1666.
Peterson, D.L., S.J. Prichard, and D. McKenzie. 2000. Disturbance in Mountain Forests. In Price, M., ed. Forests in Sustainable Mountain Development: a State-of-Knowledge Report for 2000. CAB International, Oxford, England. Pages 51-59.
Schmoldt, D.L., D.L. Peterson, R.E. Keane, J.M. Lenihan, D. McKenzie, D.R. Weise, and D.V. Sandberg. 1999. Assessing the effects of fire disturbance on ecosystems: a scientific agenda for research and management. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-455.
McKenzie, D. and C.B. Halpern. 1999. Modeling understory shrub distributions in Pacific Northwest forests. Forest Ecology and Management 114:293-308.
Halpern, C.B., S.A. Evans, C.R. Nelson, D. McKenzie, D.A. Liguori, D.E. Hibbs, and M.G.Halaj. 1999. Response of forest vegetation to varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention: an overview of a long-term experiment. Northwest Science 73:27-44.
McKenzie, D. 1998. Fire, vegetation, and scale: toward optimal models for the Pacific Northwest. Northwest Science 72:49-65.
McKenzie, D., D.L. Peterson and E. Alvarado. 1996. Predicting the effect of fire on large-scale vegetation patterns in North America. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-489, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, Oregon.
McKenzie, D., D.L. Peterson and E. Alvarado. 1996. Extrapolation problems in modeling fire effects at large spatial scales: a review. International Journal of Wildland Fire 6:65-76.
Maguire, D.A., J.L.F. Batista and D. McKenzie. 1993. Horizontal structure of uneven-aged mixed-species forests modeled as an inhomogeneous Poisson process. Proceedings of the IUFRO conference on Spatial Stochastic Processes in Forestry.
International Association for Landscape Ecology
Ecological Society of America
Society for Conservation Biology
American Geophysical Union
American Association for the Advancement of Science