USDA Forest Service
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team

 
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory

400 N 34th Street, Suite 201
Seattle, WA 98103

(206) 732-7800

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Products & Publications

PUBLICATIONS

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A

Agee, James K.; Wright, Clinton S.; Williamson, Nathan; Huff, Mark H. 2002. Foliar moisture content of Pacific Northwest vegetation and its relation to wildland fire behavior. Forest Ecology and Management. 167(2002): 57-66.
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Albini, Frank A.; Brown, James K.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D.; Ottmar, Roger D. 1995. Calibration of a Large Fuel Burnout Model. International Journal of Wildland Fire. Vol 5(3): 173-192.
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Albright, Whitney L.; Peterson, David L. 2013. Tree growth and climate in the Pacific Northwest, North America: a broad-scale analysis of changing growth environments. Journal of Biogeography. 40: 2119-2133.
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Alvarado, Ernesto; Sandberg, David V.; Carvalho, Joao Andrade de, Jr.; Gielow, Ralf; Santos, Jose Carlos. 2004. Landscape fragmentation and fire vulnerability in primary forest adjacent to recent land clearings in the Amazon arc of deforestation. Floresta. 34(2): 169-174.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf]

Alvarado, Ernesto; Sandberg, David V.; Pickford, Stewart G. 1998. Modeling large forest fires as extreme events. Northwest Science. 72 (Special Issue). p.66-75.
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Alvarado-Celestino, Ernesto; Morfín-Ríos, Jorge E.; Jardel-Peláez, Enrique J.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, David K.; Michel-Fuentes, José M.; Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V.; Nájera-Díaz, Andrés. 2008. Photo series for quantifying forest fuels in Mexico: montane subtropical forests of the Sierra Madre del Sur and temperate forests and montane shrubland of the northern Sierra Madre Oriental. Printed version. Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory Special Pub. No. 1. Seattle: University of Washington, College of Forest Resources. 93 p.
Ordering | Link to electronic copy and its citation.

Andreu, Anne G.; Shea, Dan; Parresol, Bernard R.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2012. Evaluating fuel complexes for fire hazard mitigation planning in the southeastern United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 27: 4-16.
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B

Baron, J.S.; Allen, C.D.; Fleishman, E.; Gunderson, L.; McKenzie, D.; Meyerson, L.; Oropeza, J.; Stephenson, N. 2008: National parks. In: Julius, S.H.; West, J.M. West, eds. Baron, J.S.; Griffith, B.; Joyce, L.A.; Kareiva, P.; Keller, B.D.; Palmer, M.A.; Peterson, C.H.; Scott, J.M., authors. Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 4-1 -- 4-68.
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Baron, Jill S.; Gunderson, Lance; Allen, Craig D.; Fleishman, E.; McKenzie, Donald; Meyerson, Laura A.; Oropeza, Jill; Stephenson, Nate. 2009. Options for national parks and reserves for adapting to climate change. Environmental Management. 44: 1033-1042.
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Berg, Erik. 2007. Characterizing and classifying complex fuels -- a new approach. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2381-2382.
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Blate, G.M.; Joyce, L.A.; Littell, J.S.; McNulty, S.G.; Millar, C.I.; Moser, S.C.; Neilson, R.P.; O'Halloran, K.; Peterson, D.L. 2009. Adapting to climage change in United States national forests. Unasylva. 60: 57-62.
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Booze, Thomas F.; Reinhardt, Timothy E.; Quiring, Sharing J.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2004. A screening-level assessment of the health risks of chronic smoke exposure for wildland firefighters. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. 1:296-305.
Abstract [.shtml] Full text [.pdf 109 kb]

Brewer, Nolan W.; Smith, Alistair M.S.; Hatten, Jeffery A.; Higuera, Philip E.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Tinkham, Wade T. 2013. Fuel moisture influences on fire-altered carbon in masticated fuels: an experimental study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biosciences. 118: 30-40.
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Breyfogle, Steve; Ferguson, S.A. 1996. User assessment of smoke-dispersion models for wildland biomass burning. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-379. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 30 p.
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Burkett, Virginia R.; Wilcox, Douglas A.; Stottlemyer, Robert; Barrow, Wylie; Fagre, Dan; Baron, Jill; Price, Jeff; Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Allen, Craig D.; Peterson, David L.; Ruggerone, Greg; Doyle, Thomas. 2005. Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climate change: case studies and policy implications. Ecological Complexity. 2(4): 357-394.
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Butler, B.W.; Ottmar, R.D.; Rupp, T.S.; Jandt, R.; Miller, E.; Howard, K.; Schmoll, R.; Theisen, S.; Vihnanek, R.E.; Jimenez, D. 2013. Quantifying the effect of fuel reduction treatments on fire behavior in boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 43: 97-102.
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C

Cairns, Michael A.; Hao, Wei Min; Alvarado, Ernesto; Haggerty, Patricia C. 2000. Carbon emissions from spring 1998 fires in tropical Mexico. In: Proceedings from The Joint Fire Science Conference and Workshop "Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. Volume 1. 242-248.
Abstract [.shtml]

Cansler, C. Alina. 2011. Drivers of burn severity in the northern Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Seattle, WA: University of Washington. Master's thesis. 139 p. M.S. thesis.
Full text [.pdf 11.8 MB]

Cansler, C. Alina; McKenzie, Donald. 2012. How robust are burn severity indices when applied in a new region? Evaluation of alternate field-based and remote-sensing methods. Remote Sensing. 4: 456-483.
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Cansler, C. Alina; McKenzie, Donald. 2014. Climate, fire size, and biophysical setting control fire severity and spatial pattern in the northern Cascade Range, USA. Ecological Applications. 24(5): 1037-1056
Abstract [html] Full text [.pdf]

Carvalho, Joao A.; Costa, Fernando S.; Veras, Carlos a. Gurgel; Sandberg, David V.; Alvarado, Ernesto C.; Gielow, Ralf; Serra, Aguinaldo M, Jr.; Santos, Jose C. 2001. Biomass fire consumption and carbon release rates of rainforest-clearing experiments conducted in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil. Journal of Geophysical Research. 106(D16): 17877-17887.
Full text [.pdf] Online

Carvalho, J.A., Jr.; Gurgel Veras, C.A.; Alvarado, E.C.; Sandberg, D.V.; Leite, S.J.; Gielow, R.; Rabelo, E.R.C.; Santos, J.C. 2010. Understorey fire propagation and tree mortality on adjacent areas to an Amazonian deforestation fire. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 19: 795-799.
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Case, Michael J.; Peterson, David L. 2007. Growth-climate relations of lodgepole pine in the North Cascades National Park, Washington. Northwest Science. 81(1): 62-75.
Full text [.pdf 414 kb]

Case, Michael J.; Peterson, David L. 2005. Fine-scale variability in growth-climate relationships of Douglas-fir, North Cascade Range, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 35(11): 2743-2755.
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Chen, J.; Avise, J.; Lamb, B.; Salathe, E.; Mass, C.; Guenther, A.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Lamarque, J.-F.; O'Neill, S.; McKenzie, D.; Larkin, N. 2008. The effects of global changes upon regional ozone pollution in the United States. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions. 8(4): 15165-15208.
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Chmura, D.J.; Anderson, P.D.; Howe, G.T.; Harrington, C.A.; Halofsky, J.E.; Peterson, D.L.; Shaw, D.C.; St.Clair, J.B. 2011. Forest responses to climate change in the northwestern United States: ecophysiological foundations for adaptive management. Forest Ecology and Management. 261: 1121-1142.
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Christian, Ted J.; Yokelson, Robert J.; Carvalho, Joao A., Jr.; Griffith, David W.T.; Alvarado, Ernesto C.; Santos, Jose C.; Neto, Turbio Gomes Soares; Veras, Carlos A. Gurgel; Hao, Wei Min. 2007. The tropical forest and fire emissions experiment: trace gases emitted by smoldering logs and dung from deforestation and pasture fires in Brazil. Journal of Geophysical Research. 112, D18308.
Abstract [.html]

Costa, Fernando de Souza; Sandberg, David. 2004. Mathematical model of a smoldering log. Combustion and Flame. 139(2004): 227-238.
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Cushman, Samuel A.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Littell, Jeremy; McKelvey, Kevin S. 2006. Research agenda for integrated landscape modeling. In: 21st Annual Symposium of the United States Regional Chapter of the International Association for Landscape Ecology, March 28-31, San Diego, CA. 66 p.
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Cushman, Samuel A.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Littell, Jeremy; McKelvey, Kevin S. 2007. Research agenda for integrated landscape modeling. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-194. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 50 p.
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D

d'Oliveira, M.V.N.; Alvarado, E.C.; Santos, J.C.; Carvalho, J.A., Jr. 2011. Forest regeneration and biomass production after slash and burn in a seasonally dry forest in the Southern Brazilian Amazon. Forest Ecology and Management. 261: 1490-1498.
Abstract [.html] Full text may not be available to all at this time

Deal, Robert L.; Raymond, Crystal; Peterson, David L.; Glick, Cindy. 2010. Ecosystem services and climate change: Understanding the differences and identifying opportunities for forest carbon.   In: Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T.; Sandquist, Jonathan. Integrated management of carbon sequestration and biomass utilization opportunities in a changing climate: Proceedings of the 2009 National Silviculture Workshop; 2009 June 15-18; Boise, ID. Proceedings RMRS-P-61. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 9-25.
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Diaz-Avalos Carlos, Peterson, David L.; Alvarado C. Ernesto, Ferguson, Sue A. and Besag, J.E. 2001. Space-time modeling of lightning-caused forest fires in the Blue Mountains, Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31(9):1579-1593.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf 732 kb]


E

Elman, Ella; Peterson, David L. 2005. Effects of post-harvest treatments on high-elevation forests in the north Cascade Range, Washington. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management. 6(1): 33-50.
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Evans, Shelley A.; Halpern, Charles B.; McKenzie, Donald. 2012. The contributions of forest structure and substrate to bryophyte diversity and abundance in mature coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. The Bryologist. 115(2): 278-294.
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F

Falk, D.A.; Heyerdahl, E.K.; Brown, P.M.; Farris, C.; Fule, P.Z.; McKenzie, D.; Swetnam, T.W.; Taylor, A.H.; Van Horne, M.L. 2011. Multi-scale controls of historical forest-fire regimes: new insights from fire-scar networks. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9: 442-456.
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Falk, Donald A.; Miller, Carol; McKenzie, Donald; Black, Anne E. 2007. Cross-scale analysis of fire regimes. Ecosystems. 10: 809-823
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Fege, Anne S.; Peterson, Janis [Peterson, Janice]. 1991. Wilderness and air resource management: a U.S. Forest Service perspective. In: Proceedings of the 84th annual meeting and exhibition, Air and Waste Management Association; 1991 June 16-21; Vancouver, BC. Pittsburgh, PA: Air and Waste Management Association:91-61.2.

Ferguson, Sue A. 1991. Systems; the world, the flesh, the metal. In: Proceedings of a Symposium on Snow Science: Reflections on the Past, Perspectives on the Future; 1991 April 20; Alta, UT. Center for Snow Science.

Ferguson, S.A. 1995. Potential climate change in Northern North America. In: Human Ecology and Climate Change: People and Resources in the Far North. Taylor and Francis, New York. p. 15-30.
Abstract [.shtml]

Ferguson, S.A.; 1997. A climate-change scenario for the Columbia River basin. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-499. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 9 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed.; Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project: scientific assessment).
Abstract and full text [.html]

Ferguson, Sue A. 1998. Air quality climate in the Columbia River Basin. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-434. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 23 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed. The Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project: scientific assessment).
Abstract and full text [.html]

Ferguson, S.A. 1998. Real-time mesoscale model forecasts for fire and smoke management. In: 2nd Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology: 11-16 January 1998: Phoenix, AZ. American Meteorological Society.
Full text [.pdf]

Ferguson, Sue A. 1999. Climatology of the interior Columbia River basin. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-445. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 31 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Ferguson, S.A. 2000. Climatology of biomass smoke in wildland areas of the United States. In: Proceedings, Third Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology; 2000 January 9-14; Long Beach, CA. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society: 43-48.

Ferguson, S.A. 2000. Real-time mesoscale model forecasts for fire and smoke management: an update. In: Proceedings, Third Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology; 2000 January 9-14; Long Beach, CA. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society: 61-65.

Ferguson, Sue A. 2000. The spatial and temporal variability of rain-on-snow. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop; Big Sky, MT. American Avalanche Association. 178-183.
Full text [.pdf] 202 kb

Ferguson, Sue A. 2000. Seven weeks of carbon emissions from a small wildland fire in Alaska. EOS Trans. AGU Fall Meeting Supplement. 81(48), 2000.
Abstract [.shtml]

Ferguson, Sue A. 2001. Climatic variability in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Science. 75(Special Issue): 62-69.
Abstract [.shtml] Full text [.pdf]

Ferguson, Sue A. 2001. Smoke management meteorology. Chapter 7. 121-138. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Sea mon, Paula, eds. and comps. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
Abstract and full text [.html].
[Instructions for ordering]

Ferguson, Sue A. 2001. Smoke dispersion prediction systems. Chapter 9. 166-173. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Seamon, Paula, eds. and comps. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
Abstract and full text [.html].
[Instructions for ordering]

Ferguson, S.A.; Breyfogle, S. 1994. Precipitation identification for hazard reduction. Washington State Department of Transportation Final Report, WA-RD 316.2. 44 pp.
Abstract [.shtml]

Ferguson, S.A.; Breyfogle, S.; Moore, N.B.; Marriott, R.; Judd, D. 1997. NWAC mountain weather data. 10th Conference on Applied Climatologic, 20-24 October 1997, Reno, Nevada.
Abstract [.shtml]

Ferguson, S.A.; Hardy, C.C. 1994. Modeling emissions for prescribed burning. Presented at the 12th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Jekyll Island, Georgia, October 26-28, 1993.
Abstract [.shtml]

Ferguson, S.A; Hardy, C.C. 1994. Modeling smoldering emissions from prescribed broadcast burns in the Pacific Northwest. International Journal of Wildland Fire 4(3):135-142.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf]

Ferguson, Sue A.; McKay, Steven J.; Nagel, David E.; Piepho, Trent; Rorig, Miriam L.; Anderson, Casey; Kellogg, L. 2003. Assessing values of air quality and visibility at risk from wildland fires. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-550. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 59 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Ferguson, S.A.; Peterson , J.L.; Acheson, A. Automated, real-time predictions of cumulative smoke impacts from prescribed forest and agricultural fires. Presented at the 4th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Reno, NV 13-15 November 2001. Unpublished.
Full text [.pdf 327 kb]

Ferguson, Sue A.; Ruthford, Julia A.; McKay, Steven J.; Wright, David; Wright, Clint; Ottmar, Roger. 2002. Measuring moisture dynamics to predict fire severity in longleaf pine forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 11:267-279.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Ferguson, S.A.; Sandberg, D.V.; Ottmar, R. 1998. Wild-land biomass emissions affected by land-use changes. In: 2nd Symposium, Fire and Forest Meteorology: 11-16 January 1998: Phoenix, AZ. American Meteorological Society.

Ferguson, Sue A.; Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger. 2000. Modelling the effects of landuse changes on global biomass emissions. In: Innes, John L.; Beniston, Martin; Verstraete, Michel M., ed. Biomass Burning and its Inter-Relationships with the Climate System. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers: 33-50.

Ferguson, Sue A.; Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger. Modeling the effect of land-use changes on global biomass emissions. Presented at the workshop: Biomass Burning and its Inter-Relationships with the Climate System; 1998 September 28 - October 1; Wengen, Switzerland.
Full text [.pdf]

Ferguson, Sue A.; Ruthford, Julia E.; McKay, Steven J.; Wright, David; Wright, Clint; Ottmar, Roger. 2002. Measuring moisture dynamics to predict fire severity in longleaf pine forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 11:267-279.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Frankman, David; Webb, Brent W.; Butler, Bret W.; Jimenez, Daniel; Forthofer, Jason M.; Sopko, Paul; Shannon, Kyle S.; Hiers, J. Kevin; Ottmar, Roger D. 2012. Measurements of convective and radiative heating in wildland fires. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 22(2): 157-167. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF11097.
Abstract and full text [.html]

French, Nancy H.F.; de Groot, William J.; Jenkins, Liza K.; Rogers, Brenden M; Alvarado, Ernesto; Amiro, Brian; de Jong, Bernardus; Goetz, Scott; Hoy, Elizabeth; Hyer, Edward; Keane, Robert; Law, B.E.; McKenzie, Donald; McNulty, Steven G.; Ottmar, Roger; Perez-Salicrup, Diego R.; Randerson, James; Robertson, Kevin M.; Turetsky,Merritt. 2011. Model comparisons for estimating carbon emissions from North American wildland fire. Journal of Geophysical Research Bioscience. 116: 1-21.
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French, Nancy H.F.; McKenzie, Donald; Erickson, Tyler; Kozil, Benjamin; Billmire, Michael; Endsley, K. Arthur; Yager Scheinerman, Naomi I.; Jenkins, Liza; Miller, Mary Ellen; Ottmar, Roger; Prichard, Susan. 2014. Modeling regional-scale wildland fire emissions with the Wildland Fire Emissions Information System. Earth Interactions. Paper 16. Volume 18.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf]

French, Nancy H.F.; McKenzie, Donald; Ottmar, Roger D.; McCarty, Jessica L.; Norheim, Robert A.; Hamermesh, Naomi; Soja, Amber J. 2014. The US national fuels database and map for calculating carbon emissions from wildland and prescribed fire. In: Wade, D.D.; Fox, R.L., editors; Robinson, M.L., compiler. Proceedings of the 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference: International Association of Wildland Fire: 522-528.
Full text [.pdf 32 MB]

Fulé, P.Z.; Swetnam, T.W.; Brown, P.M.; Falk, D.A.; Peterson, D.L.; Allen, C.D.; Aplet, G.H.; Battaglia, M.A.; Brinkley, D.; Farris, C.; Keane, R.E.; Margolis, E.Q.; Miller, C.; Sieg, C.H.; Skinner, C.; Stephens, S.L.; Taylor, A. 2013. Unsupported inferences of high-severity fire in historical dry forests of the western United States: response to Williams and Baker. Correspondence. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 23:825-830.
Full text [.pdf] Access limited

Furniss, M.J.; Millar, C.I.; Peterson, D.L.; Joyce, L.A.; Neilson, R.P.; Halofsky, J.E.; Kerns, B.K. 2009. Adapting to climate change: a short course for land managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW_GTR-789. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
DVD, and online at: www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pep/hjar.shtml


G

Gavin, Daniel G.; Hallett, Douglas J.; Hu, Feng Sheng; Lertzman, Kenneth P.; Prichard, Susan J.; Brown, Kendrick J.; Lynch, Jason A.; Bartlein, Patrick; Peterson, David L. 2007. Forest fire and climate change in western North America: insights from sediment charcoal records. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 5(9): 499-506
Abstract and full text [.html]

Gedalof, Ze'ev; Mantua, Nathan J.; Peterson, David L. 2002. A multi-century perspective of variability in the Pacific Decadal Oscillation: new insights from tree rings and coral. Geophysical Research Letters. 29(24):57-1 to 57-4.
Abstract [.shtml]
Full text [.pdf]

Gedalof, Ze'ev; Peterson, David L.; Mantua, Nathan J. 2004. Columbia River flow and drought since 1750. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 1579-1592.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Graham, Russell T.; McCaffrey, Sarah; Jain, Theresa B. (tech. eds.) 2004. Science basis for changing forest structure to modify wildfire behavior and severity. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-120. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 43 p.
Abstract and Full text [.html]
Note: Dr. David L. Peterson, Morris Johnson, and Dr. Don McKenzie, contributing authors

Greenough, J.A. 2001. Fuel characteristic classification system design. Prepared by ESSA Technologies Ltd., Vancouver, BC for USDA Forest Service, Corvallis Forestry Sciences Lab, Corvallis, OR. 48 p.


H

Hall, Janet N. 1991. Comparison of fuel consumption between high intensity and moderate intensity fires in logging slash. Northwest Science, Vol 65(4):158-165.
Abstract [.shtml] Full text [.pdf]

Halofsky, J.E.; Donato, D.C.; Hibbs, D.E.; Campbell, J.L.; Donaghy Cannon, M.; Fontaine, J.B.; Thompson, J.R.; Anthony, R.G.; Bormann, B.T.; Kayes, L.J.; Law, B.E.; Peterson, D.L.; Spies, T.A. 2011. Mixed-severity fire regimes: lessons and hypotheses from the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion. Ecosphere. 2(4): Article 40.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Furniss, Michael J.; Joyce, Linda A.; Millar, Constance I.; Neilson, Ronald P. 2011. Workshop approach for developing climate change adaptation strategies and actions for natural resource management agencies in the United States. Journal of Forestry. 109(4): 219-225
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Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; O’Halloran, Kathy A.; Hawkins Hoffman, Catherine  2011. Adapting to climate change at Olympic National Forest and Olympic National Park. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-844. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 130 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L.; Joyce, Linda A.; Millar, Constance I.; Rice, Janine M. Swanston, Christopher W. 2014. Implementing climate change adaptation in forested regions of the United States. In: Sample, V. Alaric; Bixler, R. Patrick. Forest conservation and management in the anthropocene: conference proceedings. Proceedings RMRS-P-71. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 229-244. Section III.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Halpern, Charles B.; McKenzie, Donald; Evans, Shelley A.; Maguire, Douglas A.2005. Initial responses of forest understories to varying levels and patterns of green-tree retention. Ecological Applications. 15(1): 175-195.
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Harden, J.W.; Neff, J.C.; Sandberg, D.V.; Turetsky, M.R.; Ottmar, R.; Gleixner, G.; Fries, T.L.; Manies, K.L. 2004. Chemistry of burning the forest floor during the FROSTFIRE experimental burn, interior Alaska, 1999. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 18, GB3014.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Hardy, C.C. 1991. Emission factors for smoke emissions from prescribed burning of western juniper and basin big sagebrush. Unpublished final report, EPA contract DW 12933150-01-0 and PNW IAG 88-575. Research Triangle Park, NC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [Not paged].

Hardy, Colin C.; Burgan, Robert E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 1996. A database for spatial assessments of fire characteristics, fuel profiles, and PM10 emissions. In: Sampson, R. Neil; Atkinson, R. Dwight; Lewis, Joe W., guest eds. Mapping Wildfire Hazards and Risks. New York: Food Products Press. Chapter 9. Co-published simultaneously as Journal of Sustainable Forestry, volume 11, numbers 1/2 2000.
Abstract [.html]

Hardy, Colin C.; Ferguson, Sue A.; Speers-Hayes, Pamela [and others]. 1993. Assessment of PUFF: a dispersion model for smoke management. Unpublished final report to U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Portland, OR. 23 p. Available from: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Fire and Environmental Research Applications Group, Seattle, WA.

Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Seamon, Paula, eds. and comps. 2001. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]. [Instructions for ordering]

Hardy, Colin C.; Ward, Darold E.; Einfeld, Wayne. 1992. Emissions from a major wildfire using a GIS: rectification of airborne measurements. In: Maykut, Naydene, Tech. ed. 1992 annual meeting of Pacific Northwest international section of the Air and Waste Management Association; 1992 November 11-13; Bellevue, WA. Pittsburgh, PA: Air and Waste Management Association: [not paged]. NOTE: This was published on electronic media and is not paginated.

Harrison, Halstead; Hardy, Colin C. 1992. Plume rise from prescribed fires: data and models. In: Maykut, Naydene, tech. ed. 1992 annual meeting of Pacific Northwest international section of the Air and Waste Management Association; 1992 November 11-13; Bellevue, WA. Pittsburgh, PA: Air and Waste Management Association: [not paged]. NOTE: This was published on electronic media and is not paginated.

Hejl, Anna M.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Jannik, G. Timothy; Eddy, Teresa P.; Rathbun, Stephen L.; Commodore, Adwoa A.; Pearce, John L.; Naeher, Luke P. 2012. Radionuclide activity concentrations in forest surface fuels at the Savannah River Site. Journal of Environmental Management. 115: 217-226.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Hessburg, P.F.; Smith, B.G.; Salter, R.B; Ottmar, R.D.; Alvarado, E. 2000. Recent changes (1930s-1990s) in spatial patterns of interior northwest forests, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 136(2000): 53-83.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf 1906 kb]

Hessl, Amy E.; Milesi, Cristina; White, Michael A.; Peterson, David L.; Keane, Robert E. 2004. Ecophysiological parameters for Pacific Northwest trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-618.U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 14 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Hessl, Amy E.; McKenzie, Don; Schellhaas, Richard. 2004. Drought and Pacific decadal oscillation linked to fire occurrence in the inland Pacific Northwest. Ecological Applications. 14(2): 425-442.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf] Full text [.html]

Heyerdahl, Emily K.; McKay, Steven J. 2001. Condition of live fire-scarred ponderosa pine trees six years after removing partial cross sections. Tree-Ring Research. 57(2):131-139.
Abstract and full text [.html]

Heyerdahl, Emily K.; McKenzie, Donald; Daniels, Lori D.; Hessl, Amy E.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Mantua, Nathan J. 2008. Climate drivers of regionally synchronous fires in the inland Northwest (1651-1900). International Journal of Wildland Fire. 17(1): 40-49.
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Hicke, Jeffrey A.; Johnson, Morris C.; Hayes, Jane L.; Preisler, Haiganoush. 2012. Effects of bark beetle-caused tree mortality on wildfires: a review. Forest Ecology and Management. 271: 81-90.
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Hilbruner, M.W.; Peterson, D.L. 2011. Making fire science work: Forest Service wildland fire research and development--meeting the challenges of wildland fire and fuels management. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-85. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 20 p.

Hinzman, L.; Fukuda, M.; Sandberg, D.V.; Chapin, F.S., III; Dash D. 2003. FROSTFIRE: An experimental approach to predicting the climate feedbacks from the changing boreal fire regime. Journal of Geophysical Research. 108(D1):1853,doi:10.1029/2001JD000415
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Hoffman, C.M.; Morgan, P.; Mell, W.; Parsons, S.; Strand, E.; Cook, S. 2012. Numerical simulation of crown fire hazard immediately after bark-beetle-caused mortality in lodgepole pine. Forest Science 58(2): 178-188
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Hoffman, C.M.; Morgan, P.; Mell, W.; Parsons, R.; Strand, E.; Cook, S. 2013. Surface fire intensity influences simulated crown fire behavior in lodgepole pine forests with recent mountain pine beetle-caused tree mortality. Forest Science. 59(4): 390-399.
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Hollingsworth, L.T.; Kurth, L.L.; Parresol, B.R.; Ottmar, R.D.; Prichard, Susan J. 2012. A comparison of geospatially modeld fire behavior and fire management utility of three data sources in the southeastern United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 273: 43-49.
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Hollis, J.J.; Matthews, S.; Ottmar, R.D.; Prichard, S.J.; Slijepcevic, A.; Burrows, N.D.; Ward, B.; Tolhurst, K.G.; Anderson, W.R.; Gould, J.S. 2010. Testing woody fuel consumption models for application in Australian southern eucalypt forest fires. Forest Ecology and Management. 260: 948-964.
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Holman, Melisa; Peterson, David L. 2006. Spatial and temporal variability in forest growth in the Olympic Mountains, Washington: sensitivity to climatic variability. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36: 92-104
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Hudak, A.T.; Ottmar, R.; Vihnanek, B.; Brewer, A.M.S.; Morgan, P. 2013. The relationship of post-fire white ash cover to surface fuel consumption. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 22(6): 580-585.
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Hudak, A.T.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clint S. 2014. Relationship of post-fire ground cover to surface fuel loads and consumption in longleaf pine ecosystems. In: In: Wade, D.D.; Fox, R.L., editors; Robinson, M.L., compiler. Proceedings of the 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference: International Association of Wildland Fire, 235-240.
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Hudec, J.L.; Peterson, D.L. 2012. Fuel variability following wildfire in forests with mixed severity fire regimes, Cascade Range, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 277: 11-24.
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Huff, M.H.; Ottmar, R.D.; Alvarado, E.; Vihnanek, R.E.; Lehmkuhl, J.F.; Hessburg, P.F.; Everett, R.L. 1995. Historical and current forest landscapes in eastern Oregon and Washington. Part II: Linking vegetation characteristics to potential fire behavior and related smoke production. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-355. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
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Hyde, Joshua C.; Smith, Alistair M.S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Alvarado, Ernesto C.; Morgan, Penelope. 2011. The combustion of sound and rotten coarse woody debris: a review. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 20(2): 163-174.
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Hyde, Joshua C.; Smith, Alistair M.S.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2012. Properties affecting the consumption of sound and rotten coarse woody debris in northern Idaho: a preliminary investigation using laboratory fires. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 21: 596-608.
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Iverson, L.R.; McKenzie, D. 2013. Tree-species range shifts in a changing climate: detecting, modeling, assisting. Landscape Ecology. 28(5): 879-889. DOI 10.1007/s10980-013-9885-x.
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Johnson, Morris C. N.d. Cedar River Municipal Watershed fuel decomposition report. Unpublished report. Available from: Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory, 400 N 34th Ave, Suite 201, Seattle WA 98103.
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Johnson, Morris C. 2007. Cedar River Municipal Watershed fire hazard assessment report. Unpublished report. Available from: Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory, 400 N 34th Ave, Suite 201, Seattle WA 98103.
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Johnson, Morris C. 2008. Analyzing fuel treatments and fire in the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington. Ph.D. dissertation
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Johnson, Morris C.; Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, D.L. 2013. Effects of salvage logging and pile-and-burn on fuel loading, potential fire behaviour, fuel consumption and emissions. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 22: 757-769.
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Johnson, Morris C.; Kennedy, Maureen C.; Peterson, David L. 2011. Simulating fuel treatment effects in dry forests of the western United States: testing the principles of a fire-safe forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 41: 1018-1030.
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Johnson, Morris C.; Peterson, David L. 2005. Forest fuel treatments in western North America: merging silviculture and fire management. The Forestry Chronicle. 81(3): 365-368.
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Johnson, Morris C.; Peterson, David L.; Raymond, Crystal L. 2007. Guide to fuel treatments in dry forests of the Western United States: assessing forest structure and fire hazard. PNW-GTR-686. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 322 p.
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Johnson, Morris C.; Peterson, David L.; Raymond, Crystal L. 2007. Managing forest structure and fire hazard -- a tool for planners. Journal of Forestry. 105(2): 77-83.
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Johnson, Morris.; Peterson, David L.; Raymond, Crystal. 2009. Fuel treatment guidebook: illustrating treatment effects on fire hazard. Fire Management Today. 69(2): 29-33.
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Joint Fire Science Program. 2007. A toolkit for assessing fire hazards. Fire Science Brief. Issue 2, November. 6 p.
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Joint Fire Science Program. 2008. Have it your way: open source software brings common ground to smoke management and emissions inventories. Fire Science Brief. Issue 16, October 2008. 6 p.
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Joint Fire Science Program. 2010. A new online tool and estimates for hand-pile biomass and smoke production. Fire Science Brief. Issue 90, January 2010.
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Joyce, L.A.; Blate, G.M.; Littell, J.S.; McNulty, S.G.; Millar, C.I.; Moser, S.C.; Neilson, R.P.; O'Halloran, K.A.; Peterson, D.L. 2008. National Forests. In: Julius, S.H.; West, J.M. West, eds., Baron, J.S.; Griffith, B.; Joyce, L.A.; Kareiva, P.; Keller, B.D.; Palmer, M.A.; Peterson, C.H.; Scott, J.M. Scott, authors. Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3-1--3-127. Chapter 3.
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Annex A: Case Studies [.pdf]
Annex B: Confidence Estimates [.pdf 176 kb]

Joyce, L.A.; Blate, G.M.; Littell, J.S.; McNulty, S.G.; Millar, C.I.; Moser, S.C.; Neilson, R.P.; Peterson, D.L. 2009. Managing for multiple resources under climate change: national forests. Environmental Management. 44: 1022-1032
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Joyce, L.A.; Blate, G.M.; McNulty, S.G.; Millar, C.I.; Moser, S.; Neilson, R.P.; Peterson, David L. 2009. Managing for multiple resources under climate change: national forests. Environmental Management: 44: 1022-1032.
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Kasischke, Eric S.;Turetsky, Merritt R.; Ottmar, Roger D.; French, Nancy H.F.; Hoy, Elizabeth E.; Kane, Evan S. 2008. Evaluation of the composite burn index for assessing fire severity in Alaskan black spruce forests. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 17: 515-526.
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Keane, Robert E.; Herynk, Jason M.; Toney, Chris; Urbanski, Shawn P.; Lutes, Duncan C.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2013. Evaluating the performance and mapping of three fuel classification systems using forest inventory and analysis surface fuel measurements. Forest Ecology and Management. 305: 248-263.
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Keeley, J.E.; Aplet, G.H.; Christensen, N.L.; Conard, S.G.; Johnson, E.A.; Omi, P.N.; Peterson, D.L.; Swetnam, T.W. 2009. Ecological foundations for fire management in North American forest and shrubland ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-779. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 92 p.
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Kellogg, Lara-Karena B. 2004. Quantifying spatial structure associated with low-severity fire regimes in the eastern Cascade Mountains of Washington, USA. Master's thesis. Seattle: University of Washington. 65 p.
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Kellogg, Lara-Karena B.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Hessl, Amy E. 2008. Spatial models for inferring topographic controls on historical low-severity fire in the eastern Cascade Range of Washington, USA. Landscape Ecology. 23: 227-240.
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Kennedy, Maureen C.; Ford, David E. 2011. Using multicriteria analysis of simulation models to understand complex biological systems. Bioscience. 61(12): 994-1004.
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Kennedy, Maureen C.; Ford, E. David; Hinckley, Thomas M. 2010. Defining how aging Pseudotsuga and Abies compensate for multiple stresses through multi-criteria assessment of a functional-structural mode. Tree Physiology. 30(1): 3-22.
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Kennedy, Maureen C.; Johnson, Morris C. 2014. Fuel treatment prescriptions alter spatial patterns of fire severity around the wildland-urban interface during the Wallow Fire, Arizona, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 318: 122-132.
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Kennedy, Maureen C.; McKenzie, Donald. 2010 Using a stochastic model and cross-scale analysis to evaluate controls on historical low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology. 25: 1561-1573.
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Kopper, Karen E.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.  2009.  The evaluation of meta-analysis techniques for quantifying prescribed fire effects on fuel loadings. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-582. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 24 p.
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Kreye, Jesse K.; Brewer, N.W.; Morgan, P.; Varner, J.M.; Smith, A.M.S.; Hoffman, C.M.; Ottmar, R.D. 2014. Fire behavior in masticated fuels: a review. Forest Ecology and Management. 314 (2014): 193–207.

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Lehmkuhl, J. F., P. F. Hessburg, R. D. Ottmar, R. L. Everett, E. Alvarado, and R. H. Vihnanek. 1993. Historic and current vegetation pattern and associated changes in insect and disease hazard, and fire and smoke conditions in eastern Oregon and Washington. In: Hessburg, P.F.; comp. Eastside forest ecosystem health assessment--Volume III: Assessment. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 589-718.

Lehmkuhl, J.F.; Hessburg, P.F.; Everett, R.L.; Huff, M.H.; Ottmar, R.D. 1994. Historical and current forest landscapes of eastern Oregon and Washington. Part I: Vegetation pattern and insect and disease hazards. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-328 Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
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Lehmkuhl, J. F., P. F. Hessburg, R. O. Ottmar, M. H. Huff, R. L. Everett, E. C. Alvarado, and R. E. Vihnanek. 1995. Assessment of terrestrial ecosystems in Eastern Oregon and Washington: The Eastside Forest Ecosystem Health Assessment Report. In: Baumgartner, D.M.; Everett, R.L., eds. Ecosystem Management in Western Interior Forests. Pullman, WA: Cooperative Extension, Washington State University.

Lentile, L.; Morgan, P. Hardy, C.; Hudak, A. Means, R. Ottmar, R.; Robichaud, P.; Kennedy Sutherland, E.; Szymoniak, J.; Way, F.; Fites-Kaufman, J.; Lewis, S.; Matthews, E.; Shovic, H.; Ryan, K. 2007. Value and challenges of conducting rapid response research on wildland fires. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-193. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 11 p.
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Lentile, Leigh; Morgan, Penny; Hardy, Colin; Hudak, Andrew; Means, Robert; Ottmar, Roger; Robichaud, Peter; Sutherland, Elaine; Way, Frederick; Lewis, Sarah. 2007. Lessons learned from rapid response research on wildland fires. Fire Management Today. 76(1): 24-31.
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Lewis, Sarah A.; Hudak, Andrew T.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Robichaud, Peter R.; Lentile, Leigh B.; Hood, Sharon D.; Cronan, James B.; Morgan, Penny. 2011. Using hyperspectral imagery to estimate forest floor consumption from wildfire in boreal forests of Alaska, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 20(2): 255-271.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; McKenzie, Donald; Kerns, Becky K.; Cushman, S.; Shaw, C.G. 2011. Managing uncertainty in climate-driven ecological models to information adaptation to climate change. Ecosphere. 2(9): 102.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Westerling, Anthony L. 2009. Climate and wildfire area burned in western U.S. ecoprovinces, 1916-2003. Ecological Applications 19(4):1003-1021.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; Oneil, Elaine E.; McKenzie, Donald; Hicke, Jeffrey A.; Lutz, James A.; Norheim, Robert A.; Elsner, Marketa M. 2010. Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA. Climatic Change. 102: 129-158.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; Peterson, David L. 2005. A method for estimating vulnerability of Douglas-fir growth to climate change in the northwestern U.S. The Forestry Chronicle. 81(3): 369-374.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; Peterson, David L.; Millar, Constance L.; O'Halloran, Kathy A. 2012. U.S. national forests adapt to climate change through science-management partnership. Climatic Change. 110: 269-296.
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Littell, Jeremy S.; Peterson, David L.; Tjoelker, Michael. 2008. Douglas-fir growth in mountain ecosystems: water limits tree growth from stand to region. Ecological Monographs. 78(3): 349-368.
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Little, Susan N.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Ohmann, Janet L. 1986. Predicting duff consumption from prescribed burns on conifer clearcuts in western Oregon and western Washington. Res. Pap. PNW-362. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 29 p.
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Little, Susan N.; Ward, Franklin R.; Sandberg, D.V. 1982. Duff reduction caused by prescribed fire on areas logged to different management intensities. Res. Note PNW-397. Portland, OR: Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 8 p.
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Lyons-Tinsley, Christina; Peterson, David L. 2012. Surface fuel treatments in young, regenerating stands affect wildfire severity in a mixed conifer forest, eastside Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 270: 117-125.
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Maines, K.L.: Harden, J.W.; Ottmar, R. 2011. Soils data related to the 1999 FROSTFIRE burn. Open-File Report 2011-1216. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. 8 p. + data tables. [.html]

Malanson, George P.; Butler, David R.; Fagre, Daniel B.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Tomback, Diana F.; Daniels, Lori D.; Resler, Lynn M.; Smith, William K.; Weiss, Daniel J.; Peterson, David L.; Bunn, Andrew G.; Hiemstra, Christopher A.; Liptzin, Daniel; Bougeron, Patrick S.; Shen, Zehao; Millar, Constance I. 2007. Alpine treeline of western North America: linking organism-to-landscape dynamics. Physical Geography. 28(5): 378-396.
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Maranghides, Alexander; Mell, William. 2012. Framework for addresing the national wildland urban interface fire problem--determining fire and ember exposure zones using a WUI hazard scale. Tech. Note 1748. Gaithersburg, MD: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology. 25 p.
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Maranghides, Alexander; Mell, William; Ridenour, Karen; McNamara, Derek. 2011. Initial reconnaissance of the 2011 wildland-urban interface fires in Amarillo, Texas. NIST Tech. Note 1708. Gaithersburg, MD: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology. 38 p.
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Maxwell, Wayne E.; Ward, Franklin R. 1983. Fuels and fire in land-management planning--Part 1: forest-fuel classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-131. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12.
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Maxwell, Wayne E.; Sandberg, David V.; Ward, Franklin R. 1983. Fuels and fire in land-management planning--Part 3: costs and losses for management options. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-158. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 18 p.
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McIver, J.D.; Ottmar, R. 2007. Fuel mass stand structure after post-fire logging of a severely burned ponderosa pine forest in northeastern Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management. 238(2007): 268-279.
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McKenzie, Don. 2010. The effects of climatic change and wildland fires on air quality in national parks and wilderness areas. Fire Management Today. 70(1): 26-28
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McKenzie, D.; French, N.H.F.; Ottmar, R.D. 2012. National database for calculating fuel available to wildfires. EOS. 93: 57-58.
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McKenzie, Don; Hessl, Amy E. 2008. A neutral model for low-severity fire regimes. In: Narog, Marcia G., tech. ed. Proceedings of the 2002 fire conference: managing fire and fuels in the remaining wildlands and open spaces of the Southwestern United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 139-149.
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McKenzie, Donald. 2004. La historia del fuego y su relación con el clima. In: Ruiz, Lourdes Villers; Blanco, Jorge Lopez, eds. Incendios forestales en México: métodos de evaluación. Mexico, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico. 13-28.

McKenzie, Donald; Gedalof, Ze'ev; Peterson, David L.; Mote, Philip. 2004. Climatic changes, wildfire, and conservation. Conservation Biology. 18(4): 890-902.
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McKenzie, Donald; Hessl, Amy E.; Kellogg, Lara-Karena B. 2006. Using neutral models to identify constraints on low-severity fire regimes. Landscape Ecology. 21:139-152.
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McKenzie, Donald; Kennedy, Maureen C. 2011. Scaling laws and complexity in fire regimes. Chapter 2. In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol.; Falk, Donald A., eds. The landscape ecology of fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; London, United Kingdom; Heidelberg , Germany; New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.: 27-49. (Caldwell, M.M.; Heldmaier, G.; Jackson, R.B.; Lange, O.L.; Mooney, H.A.; Schulze, E.-D; Sommer, U., eds. Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis. volume 213).

McKenzie, Donald; Kennedy, Maureen C. 2012. Power laws reveal phase transitions in landscape controls of fire regimes. Nature Communications. 7. 726.
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McKenzie, Donald; Littell, Jeremy S. 2011. Climate change and wilderness fire regimes. International Journal of Wilderness. 17(1): 22-31.
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McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol; Falk, Donald A. 2011. Toward a theory of landscape fire. Chapter 1. In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol.; Falk, Donald A., eds. The landscape ecology of fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; London, United Kingdom; Heidelberg , Germany; New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.: 3-25. (Caldwell, M.M.; Heldmaier, G.; Jackson, R.B.; Lange, O.L.; Mooney, H.A.; Schulze, E.-D; Sommer, U., eds. Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis. volume 213).

McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol.; Falk, Donald A., eds. 2011. The landscape ecology of fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; London, United Kingdom; Heidelberg , Germany; New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 312 p. (Caldwell, M.M.; Heldmaier, G.; Jackson, R.B.; Lange, O.L.; Mooney, H.A.; Schulze, E.-D; Sommer, U., eds. Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis. volume 213).
Link to book information

McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol; Falk, Donald A. 2011. Synthesis: landscape ecology and changing fire regimes. Chapter 12. In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol.; Falk, Donald A., eds. The landscape ecology of fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; London, United Kingdom; Heidelberg , Germany; New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 312 p. (Caldwell, M.M.; Heldmaier, G.; Jackson, R.B.; Lange, O.L.; Mooney, H.A.; Schulze, E.-D; Sommer, U., eds. Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis. volume 213).

McKenzie, Donald; O'Neill, Susan M.; Larkin, Narasimhan K.; Norheim, Robert A. 2006. Integrating models to predict regional haze from wildland fire. Ecological Modelling. 199(2006): 278-288.
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McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Alvarado, Ernesto. 1996. Predicting the effect of fire on large-scale vegetation patterns in North America. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-489.Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 38 p.
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McKenzie, Donald; Peterson, David L.; Littell, Jeremy J. 2009. Global warming and stress complexes in forests of western North America. In: Bytnerowicz, Andrezj; Arbaugh, Micahel J.; Riebau, Allen R.; Andersen, Christian. Wildland fires and air pollution. The Netherlands: Elsevier: 319-337. Developments in Environmental Science 8. Chapter 15.
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McKenzie, Donald; Prichard, Susan; Hessl, Amy E.; Peterson, David L. 2004. Empirical approaches to modeling wildland fire in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States: methods and applications to landscape simulation. In: Perera, Ajith H.; Buse, Lisa J.; Weber, Michael G. Emulating natural forest landscapes: concepts and applications. New York: Columbia University Press: 85-97. Chapter 7.

McKenzie, Donald; Raymond, Crystal L.; Cushman, Samuel A. 2009. Modeling understory vegetation and its response to fire. Chapter 15. In: Millspaugh, J.J.; Thompson, F.R., III. Models for planning wildlife conservation in large landscapes. Amsterdam; Boston: Elsevier/Academic Press: 391-414.
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McKenzie, D.; Raymond, C.L.; Kellogg, L.-K.B.; Norheim, R.A; Andreu, A.G.; Bayard, A.C.; Kopper, K.E.; Elman. E. 2007. Mapping fuels at multiple scales: landscape application of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2421-2437.
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McKenzie, D.; Shankar, U.; Keane, R.E.; Stavros, E.N.; Heilman, W.E.; Fox, D.G.; Riebau, A.C. 2014. Smoke consequences of new wildfire regimes driven by climate change. Earth's Future. 2(2): 35-59.
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Michaletz, S.T.; Johnson, E.A.; Mell, W.E.; Greene, D.F. 2012. Timing of fire relative to seed development controls availability of non-serotinous aerial seed banks. Biogeosciences Discussions. 9: 16705-16751.
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camera iconMorfin-Ríos, Jorge E.; Alvarado-Deliestino, Ernesto; Jardel-Peláez, Enrique J.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, David K.; Michel-Fuentes, José M.; Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V.; Nájera-Díaz, Andrés. 2007. Photo series for quantifying forest fuels in Mexico: montane subtropical forests of the Sierra Madre del Sur; and temperate forests and montane shrubland of the northern Sierra Madre Oriental. Electronic copy. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington.
Full text [.pdf 10 MB] |Link to citation of printed version

Morvan, Dominique; Hoffman, Chad; Rego, Francisco; Mell, William. 2011. Numerical simulation of the interaction between two fire fronts in grassland and shrubland. Fire Safety Journal. 46: 469-479.
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Morvan, Dominique.; Meradji, Sofiane.; Mell, William. 2011. Numerical study of the interaction between a head fire and a backfire propogating in grassland. Fire Safety Science. 10: 1415-1424.
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Mutch, Robert W.; Arno, Stephen F.; Brown, James K.; Carlson, Clinton E.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L. 1993. Forest health in the Blue Mountains: a management strategy for fire-adapted ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-310. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 14 p.
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Nakawatase, Jill M.; Peterson, David L. 2006. Spatial variability in forest growth -- climate relationships in the Olympic Mountains, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36: 77-91.
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Natural Background Task Team. 2001. Policy for categorizing fire emissions. Western Regional Air Partnership. November 15. 30 p.
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Negreiros, Gustavo Hees de; Sandberg, David; Alvarado, Ernesto; Hinckley, Thomas; Nepstad, Daniel; Pereira, Marcos. 1996. Fire along the transition between the Amazon forest and the cerrado ecosystems. Presented at: 13th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, 27-31 October 1996, Lorne, Australia.
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Northwest Fire Science Consortium. 2014. Influences on wildfire burn severity: treatment and landscape drivers in an extreme fire event. Research Brief. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, Northwest Fire Science Consortium
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O'Neill, Susan M.; Lamb, Brian K.; Chen, Jack; Claiborn, Candis; Finn, Dennis; Otterson, Sally; Figueroa, Christina; Bowman, Clint; Boyer, Mike; Wilson, Rob; Arnold, Jeff; Aalbers, Steven; Stocum, Jeffrey; Swab, Christopher; Stoll, Matt; DuBois, Mike; Anderson, Mary. 2002. Modeling aerosol formation and transport in the Pacific Northwest with the community multi-scale air quality (MCAQ) modeling system. Published on the website from the Models-3 User's Workshop; 2002 October 21-23; Research Triangle Park, NC. Sponsored by the Environmental Modeling Center.
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Olson, Diana L. 2000. Fire in riparian zones: A comparison of historical fire occurrence in riparian and upslope forests in the Blue Mountains and southern Cascades of Oregon. Seattle: University of Washington. M.S. Thesis. 274 p.
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Olson, Diana L. and James K. Agee. 2005. Historical fires in Douglas-fir dominated riparian forests of the southern Cascades, Oregon. Fire Ecology 1(1):50-74.
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Ottmar, Roger D. 1992. Prescribed fire versus wildfire: what are the tradeoffs? Two case examples. In: Forest health and protection on the eastside of the Cascade Mountains and education and training of fire personnel: Proceedings of the 1992 Northwest Fire Council annual meeting; 1992 November 16-18; Olympia, WA. Portland, OR: Western Forestry and Conservation Association: 67-74.
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Ottmar, Roger D. 2001. Smoke source characteristics. Chapter 5. 89-105. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Seamon, Paula, eds. and comps. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Alvarado, Ernesto. 2004. Linking vegetation patterns to potential smoke production and fire hazard. In: Murphy, Dennis D.; Stine, Peter A., eds. Proceedings of the Sierra Nevada Science Symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-193. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 93-96
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Blake, John I.; Crolly, William T. 2012. Using fine-scale measurements to assess wildland fuels, potential fire behavior and hazard mitigation treatments in the southeastern USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 273: 1-3.
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Ottmar, Roger; Miranda, Ana; Sandberg, David. 2009. Characterizing sources of emissions from wildland fires. In: Bytnerowicz, Andrzej; Arbaugh, Michael; Riebau, Allen; Andersen, Christian, eds. Wildland fires and air pollution. Amsterdam: Elsevier: 61-78. Chapter 3. (Developments in Environmental Science Series Volume 8).
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Prichard, Susan J. 2012. Fuel treatment effectiveness in forests of the upper Atlantic Coastal Plain -- an evaluation at two spatial scales. Fire Ecology and Management. 273: 17-28.
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Ottmar, Roger D; Reinhardt, Timothy R. 2001. Smoke exposure among fireline personnel. Chapter 3.4, 51-57. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Seamon, Paula, eds. and comps. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
Abstract and full text [.html].

Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V. 1985. Calculating moisture content of 1000-hour timelag fuel in western Washington and western Oregon. Res. Pap. PNW-336. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 16 p.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V. 2001. Wildland fire in eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Science. 75(Special Issue): 46-54.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V. 2003. Predicting forest floor consumption from wildland fire in boreal forests of Alaska -- preliminary results. In: Galley, K.E.M.; Klinger, R.C.; Sugihara, N.G., eds. Proceedings from Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. 218-224.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Alvarado, Ernesto; Hessburg, Paul F. 1998. Linking recent historical and current forest vegetation patterns to smoke and crown fire in the Interior Columbia River Basin. In: Weber, R, Chair. Proceedings 13th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology. Moran, WY: International Association of Wildland Fire: 523-533
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Burns, Mary F.; Hall, Janet N.; Hanson, Aaron D. 1993. CONSUME users guide. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-304. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 118 p.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Hardy, Colin C. 1989. Stereo photo series for quantifying forest residues in coastal Oregon forests: Second-growth Douglas fir-western hemlock type, western hemlock - Sitka spruce type, and red alder type. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-231. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 67 p.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 1999. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume V: midwest red and white pine, northern tallgrass prairie, and mixed oak types in the Central and Lake States. PMS 834. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 99 p.
Abstract [.html] Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2000. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume VI: Longleaf pine, pocosin, and marshgrass in the Southeast United States. PMS 835. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 85 p.
Abstract [.html] | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2002. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: Volume IIa: hardwoods with spruce in Alaska. PMS 836. NFES 2668. Boise, Idaho: National Wildfire Coordinating Group. National Interagency Fire Center. 41p.
Abstract [.html]
Instructions for ordering | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Wright Clinton S. 2003. Characterizing fuels in treated areas. In: Baumgartner, David M.; Johnson, Leonard R. DePuit, Edward J. Small diameter timber: resource management, manufacturing, and markets: symposium proceedings. Pullman, WA: Washington State University. 63-73.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Hardy, Colin C.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 1990. Stereo photo series for quantifying forest residues in the Douglas-fir-hemlock type of the Willamette National Forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-258. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 63 p.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L.; Leenhouts, Bill; Core, John E. 2001. Smoke management: techniques to reduce or redistribute emissions. Chapter 8. 141-159. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L; Core, John E.; Seamon, Paula, eds. and comps. Smoke management guide for prescribed and wildland fire: 2001 edition. PMS 420-2. NFES 1279. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordination Group. 226 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]. [Instructions for ordering]

Ottmar, R.D.; Sandberg, D.V.; Riccardi, C.L.; Prichard, S.J. 2007. An overview of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System – quantifying, classifying, and creating fuelbeds for resource planning. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2383-2393.
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Ottmar, R.D.; Schaaf, M.S.; Alvarado, E. 1996. Smoke considerations for using fire in maintaining healthy forest ecosystems. In: Hardy, Colin C.; Arno, Stephen F., eds. The use of fire in forest restoration. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-341. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p. 24-25.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 1998. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: volume II: Black spruce and white spruce types in Alaska. PMS 831. NFES 2580. Boise, Idaho: National Wildfire Coordinating Group. National Interagency Fire Center. 65 p.
Abstract [.html]Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert; Alvarado, Ernesto 1994. Forest health assessment: air quality tradeoffs. Presented at the 12th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, October 26-28, Jekyll Island, GA.

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Regelbrugge, Jon C. 2000. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume IV: pinyon-juniper, sagebrush, and chaparral types in the Southwestern United States. PMS 833. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 97 p.
Abstract [.html] | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Mathey, Jared W. 2003. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume VIa: sand hill, sand pine scrub, and hardwoods with white pine types in the Southeast United States with supplemental sites for volume VI. PMS 838. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 78 p.
Abstract [.html] Instructions for ordering | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, R.D.; Vihnanek, R.E.; Miranda, H.S.; Sato, M.N.; Andrade, S.M. 2001. Stereo photo series for quantifying Cerrado fuels in central Brazil--Volume 1. Brochure. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Miranda, Heloisa S.; Sato, Margarete N.; Andrade, Saulo M.A. 2001. Stereo photo series for quantifying Cerrado fuels in central Brazil--Volume 1. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-519. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 87 p.
In both Portuguese and English.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Miranda, Heloisa S.; Sato, Margarete N.; Andrade, Saulo M.A. 2004. Stereo photo series for quantifying biomass for the cerrado vegetation in central Brazil. Floresta. 34(2): 109-112.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S. 2000. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume III: Lodgepole pine, quaking aspen, and gambel oak types in the Rocky Mountains. PMS 832. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 85 p.
Abstract [.html] | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S.; Hiers, Kevin D. 2003. Modification and validation of fuel consumption models for use in longleaf pine types of the Southeast. In: Kush, John S. Longleaf pine: A southern legacy rising from the ashes, proceedings of the Fourth Longleaf Alliance Regional Conference. Longleaf Alliance Report No. 6.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E; Wright, Clint S. 1998. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: volume I: Mixed-conifer with mortality, western juniper, sagebrush, and grassland types in the interior Pacific Northwest. PMS 830. NFES 2580. Boise, Idaho: National Wildfire Coordinating Group. National Interagency Fire Center. 73 p.
Abstract [.html] | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E; Wright, Clint S. 2002. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: volume Va: Jack pine in the Lake States. PMS 837. NFES 2669. Boise, Idaho: National Wildfire Coordinating Group. National Interagency Fire Center. 49 p.
Abstract [.shtml]| Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S. 2007. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: volume X: Sagebrush with grass and ponderosa pine-juniper types in central Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-719. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 59 p.
Abstract and full text [.html]
Instructions for ordering | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clint S. 2014. Ground measurements of fuel and fuel consumption from experimental and operational prescribed fires at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. In: In: Wade, D.D.; Fox, R.L., editors; Robinson, M.L., compiler. Proceedings of the 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference: International Association of Wildland Fire, 227-234.
Full text [.pdf 32 MB]

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S.; Olson, Diana L. 2004. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume VII: Oregon white oak, California deciduous oak, and mixed-conifer with shrub types in the Western United States. PMS 839. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 75 p.
Abstract [.html]| Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Wright, Clinton S.; Seymour, Geoffrey B. 2007. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: volume IX: oak/juniper types in southern Arizona and New Mexico. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-714. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 41 p.
Abstract and full text [.shtml]
Instructions for ordering | Browse by volume in the Digital Photo Series

Ottmar, Roger D.; Wright, Clint S.; Prichard, Susan J. 2009. A suite of fire, fuels, and smoke management tools. Fire Management Today. 69(2): 34-39.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Ward, Darold E. 1996. Extending the range of fuel consumption modeling and emission factor development to natural fuel types in the Blue Mountain forested regions of eastern Oregon. Final report EPA/IAG No. DWW 12957138-01-1 (PNW-94-0514). Unpublished.
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Ottmar, Roger D.; Wright, Clinton S. 2002. Characterizing fuels in treated areas. In: Baumgartner, D.M.; Johnson, L.R.; DePuit, E.J., eds. Proceedings small diameter timber: resource management, manufacturing, and markets. [Pullman, WA]: [Washington State University Cooperative]: 63-73. In: Baumgartner, D.M.; Johnson, L.R.; DePuit, E.J., eds. Proceedings small diameter timber: resource management, manufacturing, and markets. [Pullman, WA]: [Washington State University Cooperative]: 63-73.

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Pacific Northwest Research Station. 2002. Postfire logging: is it beneficial to a forest? Science Findings. Volume 47. [Contributions by Jim McIver and Roger Ottmar].
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Pacific Northwest Research Station. 2007. Managing forests after fire. Science Update. Issue 15, Summer. [Contributions by Dave Peterson]
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Parresol, Bernard R.; Scott, Joe H.; Andreu, Anne; Prichard, Susan; Kurth, Laurie 2012. Developing custom fire behavior fuel models from ecologically complex fuel structures for upper Atlantic Coastal Plain forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 273: 50-57.
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Parresol, Bernard R.; Shea, Dan; Ottmar, Roger. 2006. Creating a fuels baseline and establishing fire frequency relationships to develop a landscape management strategy at the Savannah River site. In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. 2006. Fuels management-how to measure success: Conference Proceedings. 28-30 March 2006; Portland, OR. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 351-366
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Peterson, David L. 2010. Managing fire and fuels in a warmer climate. Northwest Woodlands. Spring 2010: 16-29.
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Peterson, David L. 2013. Why are crows so smart? Northwest Science. 87(3): 265-266.
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Peterson, David L.; Agee, James K.; Aplet, Gregory H.; Dykstra, Dennis P.; Graham, Russell T.; Lehmkuhl, John F. Pilloid, David S.; Potts, Donald F.; Powers, Robert F.; Stuart, John D. 2009. Effects of timber harvest following wildfire in western North America. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-776. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 51 p.
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Peterson, D.L.; Allen, C.D.; Baron, J.S. [et al.] 2012. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. In: Beever, E.A.; Belant, J.L.; Ecological consequeces of climate changes: mechanisms, conservation, and management. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press: 163-190. Chapter 8.

Peterson, David L.; Evers, Louisa; Gravenmier, Rebecca A.; Eberhardt, Ellen. 2007. A consumer guide: tools to manage vegetation and fuels. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-690. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 151 p.
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Peterson, David L.; Furniss, Michael J. 2012. Adaptation: planning for climate change and its effects on federal lands. Science Findings 148. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 6 p.
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Peterson, David L; Halofsky, Jessica E.; Johnson, Morris C. 2011. Managing and adapting to changing fire regimes in a warmer climate. Chapter 10. In: McKenzie, Donald; Miller, Carol.; Falk, Donald A., eds. The landscape ecology of fire. Dordrecht, The Netherlands; London, United Kingdom; Heidelberg , Germany; New York, USA: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.: 249-267. (Caldwell, M.M.; Heldmaier, G.; Jackson, R.B.; Lange, O.L.; Mooney, H.A.; Schulze, E.-D; Sommer, U., eds. Ecological Studies: Analysis and Synthesis. Volume 213).

Peterson, David L.; Johnson, Morris C. 2007. Science-based strategic planning for hazardous fuel treatment. Fire Management Today. 67(3): 13-18.
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Peterson, David L.; Johnson, Morris C.; Agee, James K.; Jain, Theresa B.; McKenzie, Donald; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D. 2005. Forest structure and fire hazard in dry forests of the Western United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-628. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 30 p.
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Peterson, David L.; Innes, John L.;O'Brian, Kelly. 2004. Climate change, carbon, and forestry in northwestern North America: proceedings of a workshop. PNW-GTR-614. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 117 p.
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Peterson, D.L.; Lyons-Tinsley, C. 2010. Raising the bar in fire ecology. Book review. Ecology: 91(7): 2186-2187.
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Peterson, D.L.; McKenzie, D. 2011. Understanding and adapting to new stress complexes in forest ecosystems. In: Rogers, W.H.; Robinson-Dorn, M.; Barcelos, J.K.; Moritz, A.T. Climate change: a reader. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press: 441-453

Peterson, David L.; Millar, Connie I.; Joyce, Linda A. [et al.]. 2011. Responding to climate change in national forests: a guidebook for developing adaptation options. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-855. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 109 p.
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Peterson, D.W.; Peterson, D.L. 2001. Mountain hemlock growth responds to climatic variability at annual and decadal scales. Ecology 82: 3330-3345.
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Peterson, Janice L. 1991. Development of a PM-10 emissions inventory from prescribed fire in the United States during 1989. In: Proceedings of the 84th annual meeting and exhibition, Air and Waste Management Association; 1991 June 16-21; Vancouver, BC. Pittsburgh, PA: Air and Waste Management Association :91-161

Peterson, Janice. 1992. Air quality regulations and their potential to limit burning for forest health in eastern Washington and Oregon. In: Forest health and Protection on the eastside of the Cascade Mountains and education of training of fire personnel: Proceedings from the 1992 Northwest Fire Council annual meeting; 1992 November 16-18; Olympia, WA. Portland, OR: Western Forestry and Conservation Association: 48-52.

Peterson, Janice L.; Ottmar, Roger J. 1991. Computer applications for prescribed fire and air quality management in the Pacific Northwest. In: Proceedings of the 11th conference on fire and forest meteorology; 1991 April 16-19; Missoula, MT. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society:455-459.

Peterson, Janice; Schmoldt, Daniel; Peterson, David [and others]. 1992. Guidelines for evaluating air pollution impacts on class 1 wilderness areas in the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-299. Portland, OR: Pacific Northwest Research Station. 83 p.
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Peterson, Janice; Ward, Darold. 1989. An inventory of particulate matter and air toxic emissions from prescribed fires in the United States for 1989. Final report. Seattle, WA: U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Fire and Environmental Research Applications. 79 p.
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Pettinari, M. Lucrecia; Ottmar, Roger D.; Prichard, Susan J.;Andreu, Anne G.; Chuvieco, Emilio. 2014. Development and mapping of fuel characteristics and associated fire potentials for South America. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 23: 623-654.
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Potter, Darla; Gossard, Carl; Lahm, Peter; Fitch, Mark; Jones, Dave; Nolde, Shelley; Russell, Jim; Sandberg, David; Ziolko, Mike. 2001. Supporting documentation for the recommended policy for categorizing fire emissions. Western Regional Air Partnership.
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Prichard, Susan J., Ze'ev Gedalof, W. Wyatt Oswald, and David L. Peterson. 2009. Holocene fire and vegetation dynamics in a montane forest, North Cascade Range, Washington, USA. Quaternary Research 72(1): 57-67.
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Prichard, S.J.; Karau, E.C. 2014. Evaluation of CONSUME and FOFEM fuel consumption models in pine and mixed hardwood forests of the eastern United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 44: 784-795.
Abstract [.html] Full text [.pdf] Limited access to full text

Prichard, Susan J.; Kennedy, Maureen C. 2012. Fuel treatment effects on tree mortality following wildfire in dry mixed conifer forests, Washington, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 21: 1004-1013.
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Prichard, Susan J.; Kennedy, Maureen C. 2014. Fuel treatments and landform modify landscape patterns of burn severity in an extreme fire. Ecological Applications. 24(3): 571-590.
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Prichard, Susan J.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2014. State of fire behavior models and their application to ecosystem and smoke management issues: special session summary report. From the International Assocation of Wildland Fire Smoke Symposium, College Park, MD, October 24, 2013.
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Prichard, Susan J.; Peterson, David L.; Jacobson, Kyle. 2010. Fuel treatments reduce the severity of wildfire effects in dry mixed conifer forest, Washington, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 40(8): 1615-1626. We acknowledge funding from the Joint Fire Science Program under Project JFSP #07-1-2-13.
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Rabelo, E.R.C.; Veras, C.A.G.; Carvalho, J.A., Jr.; Alvarado, E.C.; Sandberg, D.V.; Santos, J.C. 2004. Log smoldering after an Amazonian deforestation fire. Atmospheric Environment. 38(2004): 203-211.
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Radke, Lawrence F.; Lyons, Jamie H.; Hobbs, Peter V.; Hegg, Dean A.; Sandberg, David V.; Ward, Darold E. 1990. Airborne monitoring and smoke characterization of prescribed fires on forest lands in western Washington and Oregon. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-251. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 81 p.
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Rasmussen, L.A.; Conway, H; Ferguson, S.A. 1998. Estimation of atmospheric transmittance from upper-air humidity. Solar Energy 62(5). p. 359-368.

Raymond, Crystal L.; Kellogg, Lara-Karena B.; McKenzie, Donald. 2006. Mapping fuels on the Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests. In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. Fuels management -- how to measure success. RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 293-304.
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Raymond, Crystal L.; McKenzie, Donald. 2013. Comparing algorithms for estimating foliar biomass of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. Research Paper PNW-RP-595. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 23 p.
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Raymond, Crystal L.; McKenzie, Donald. 2012. Carbon dynamics of forests in Washington, USA: 21st century projections based on climate-driven changes in fire regimes. Ecological Applications. 22(5): 1589-1611.
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Raymond, Crystal L.; Peterson, David L. 2005. Fuel treatments alter the effects of wildfire in a mixed-evergreen forest, Oregon, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 35: 2981-2995.
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Raymond, Crystal; Peterson, David L. 2005. How did prefire treatments affect the Biscuit Fire? Fire Management Today. Spring 2005(2): 18-22.
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Raymond, C.L.; Peterson, D.L.; Rochefort, R.M. 2013. The North Cascadia Adaptaton Partnership: a science-management collaboration for responding to climate change. Sustainability. 5: 136-159.
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Reinhardt, Timothy E. 1991. Monitoring firefighter exposure to air toxins at prescribed burns of forest and range biomass. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-441. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 8 p.
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Reinhardt, T.; Black, J.; Ottmar, R. 1995. Smoke exposure at Northern California vegetation fires. Health Hazards of Smoke. Spring.

Reinhardt, T.; Black. J.; Ottmar, R. 1995. Smoke exposure at Pacific Northwest wildfires. Radian Corporation. Available from: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station 4043 Roosevelt Way, Seattle, WA 129 p.

Reinhardt, T.; Black. J.; Ottmar, R. 1995. Smoke exposure at northern California wildfires. Technical appendices; Radian Corporation. Available from: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station 4043 Roosevelt Way, Seattle, WA 129 p.

Reinhardt, T.; Hanneman, A.; Ottmar, R. 1994. Smoke exposure at prescribed burns. Final report; Radian Corporation. Available from: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station 4043 Roosevelt Way, Seattle, WA.

Reinhardt, T.E.; Ottmar, R.D. 1997. Smoke exposure among wildland firefighters: a review and discussion of current literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-373. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
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Reinhardt, Timothy E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2000. Smoke exposure at western wildfires. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-525. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 72 p.
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Reinhardt Timothy E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2004. Baseline measurements of smoke exposure among wildland firefighters. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 1: 593-606.
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Reinhardt, Tim E.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Hallett, Michael J. 1999. Guide to monitoring smoke exposure of wildland firefighters. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-448. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 15 p.
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Reinhardt, Timothy E.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Hanneman, Andrew J.S. 2000. Smoke exposure among firefighters at prescribed burns in the Pacific Northwest. Res. Pap. PNW-RP-526. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 45 p.
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Restaino, Joseph C.; Peterson, David L. 2013. Wildfire and fuel treatment effects on forest carbon dynamics in the western United States. Forest Ecology and Management. 303: 46-60.
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Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V., Andreu, Anne; Elman, Ella; Kopper, Karen; Long, Jennifer. 2007. The fuelbed: a key element of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2394-2412.
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Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Prichard Susan J.; Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2007. Quantifying physical characteristics of wildland fuels using the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2413-2420.
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Rorig, Miriam L.; Ferguson Sue A. 1999. Characteristics of lightning and wildland fire ignition in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Applied Meteorology: Vol. 38, No. 11, pp. 1565–1575.
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Rorig, Miriam L.; Ferguson Sue A. 2002. The 2000 fire season: lightning-caused fires. Journal of Applied Meteorology: Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 786-791.
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Sample, V. Aleric; Halofsky, Jessica E.; Peterson, David L. 2014. US strategy for forest management adaptation to climate change: building a framework for decision making. Annals of Forest Science. 71: 125-130.
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Sandberg, David V. 1980. Duff reduction by prescribed underburning in Douglas-fir. Res. Pap. PNW-272. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 18 p.
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Sandberg, D.V. 1985. Meteorological scheduling reduces air pollutant emissions. In: Proceedings, 8th national conference on fire and forest meteorology, Society of American Foresters and the American Meteorology Society; 1985 April 29-May 2; Detroit, MI. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: [Pages unknown].

Sandberg, D.V. 1985. Scheduling fires for wetter periods reduces air pollutant emissions. In: Proceedings, 8th national conference on fire and forest meteorology, Society of American Foresters and the American Meteorology Society; 1985 April 29-May 2; Detroit, MI. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: 132-138.

Sandberg, D.V. 1986. Progress in reducing emissions from prescribed forest burning in western Washington and western Oregon. In: Proceedings of the 1986 annual meeting of the Pacific Northwest International Section, Air Pollution Control Association; 1986 November 19-21; Eugene, OR. Pittsburgh, PA: Air Pollution Control Association: 24-33.

Sandberg, D.V. 1987. Prescribed fire versus air quality in 2000 in the Pacific Northwest. In: Davis, James B.; Martin, Robert E., technical coordinators. 1987. Proceedings of the Symposium on Wildland Fire 2000, April 27-30, 1987, South Lake Tahoe, California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-101. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; p. 92-96
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Sandberg, David V. 1988. Emission reduction for prescribed forest burning. In: Mathai, C.V.; Stonefield, David H., eds. Transactions PM-10 implementation of standards: an APCA/EPA international specialty conference; 1988 February 23-24; San Francisco, CA. Pittsburgh, PA: Air Pollution Control Association: 628-645

Sandberg, David V. 1989. Sharing the slash burning decision: Air resource management. In: Hanley, Donald P.; Kammenga, Jerry J.; Oliver, Chadwick D. eds. The burning decision: Regional perspectives on slash. Seattle: University of Washington. 223-225. Chapter 14.

Sandberg, David V. 1989. Future concerns and needs--Air resource management. In: Hanley, Donald P.; Kammenga, Jerry J.; Oliver, Chadwick D. eds. The burning decision: Regional perspectives on slash. Seattle: University of Washington. 356-362. Chapter 31.

Sandberg, D.V. 1991. Adaptive response to forest disturbance in a changing climate--fire, insects, and disease. In: Proceedings of the North American conference on forestry responses to climate change; 1990 May 15-17; Washington, DC. Washington, DC: Climate Change Institute. 12 p.

Sandberg, D.V. 1991. Climate change, forest health and disturbance. In: Excuse me, neighbour, is my smoke bothering you? Proceedings of the 1991 general meeting and symposium of the Central Interior Fire Management Committee; 1991 March 26-27; Prince George, BC. Victoria, BC: Queen's Printer Printing and Publishing Service: 57-63.

Sandberg, David V.; Chapin, F. Stuart III; Hinzman, Larry. 2003. FrostFire: A study of the role of fire in global change in the boreal forest. In: Galley, K.E.M.; Klinger, R.C.; Sugihara, N.G., eds. Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 192-196.
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Sandberg, David V.; Dost, Frank N. 1990. Effects of prescribed fire on air quality and human health. In: Walstad, John D.; Radosevich, Steven R.; Sandberg, David V. eds. Natural and prescribed fire in Pacific Northwest forests. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press. 191-298. Chapter 16.

Sandberg, David V.; Hardy, Colin C.; Ottmar, Roger D. [and others]. 1999. National strategic plan: modeling and data systems for wildland fire and air quality. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-450. Portland,OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 72 p.
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Sandberg, David V.; Martin, Robert E. 1975. Particle sizes in slash fire smoke. USDA Forest Service Research Paper No. 199: 7 p.
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Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Cushon, Geoffrey H. 2001. Characterizing fuels in the 21st century. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 10: 381-387.
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Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Peterson, Janice L.; Core, John. 2002. Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on air. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 5. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 79 p.
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Sandberg, D.V.; Peterson, Janice. 1984. A source strength model for prescribed fires in coniferous logging slash. 1984 annual meeting, Air Pollution Control Association, Northwest Section. [Place of publication unknown]; [Publisher unknown]; [Page number unknown].
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Sandberg, David V.; Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Schaaf, Mark D. 2007. Fire potential rating for wildland fuelbeds using the Fuel Characteristic Classification System. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2456-2463.
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Sandberg, David V.; Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Schaaf, Mark D. 2007. Reformulation of Rothermel’s wildland fire behaviour model for heterogeneous fuelbeds. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2438-2455.
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Sandberg, David V.; Ward, Franklin R. 1981. Predictions of fire behavior and resistance to control; For use with photo series for the Douglas-fir-hemlock type and the coastal Douglas-fir-hardwood type. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-116. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 64 p.
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Schaaf, Mark D.; Sandberg, David V.; Schreuder, Maarten D.; Riccardi, Cynthia L. 2007. A conceptual framework for ranking crown fire potential in wildland fuelbeds. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2464-2478.
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Schmoldt, Daniel L.; Peterson, David L.; Keane, Robert E.; Lenihan, James M.; McKenzie, Donald; Weise, David R.; Sandberg, David V. 1999. Assessing the effects of fire disturbance on ecosystems: a scientific agenda for research and management. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-455. Portland, OR.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 104 p.
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Sestak, Mike; O'Neill, Susan; Ferguson, Sue; Ching, Jason, Fox, Douglas G. 2002. Integration of wildfire emissions into Models-3/CMAQ with the prototypes: community smoke emissions modeling system (CSEM) and BlueSky. Published on the website from the Models-3 User's Workshop; 2002 October 21-23; Research Triangle Park, NC. http://www.cmascenter.org
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Soares Neto, T.G.; Carvalho, J.A., Jr.; Vera, C.A.G.; Alvarado, E.C.; Gielow, R.; Lincoln, E.N.; Christian, T.J.; Yokelson, R.J.; Santos, J.C. 2009. Biomass consumption and CO2, CO, and main hydrocarbon gas emissions in an Amazonian forest clearing fire. Atmospheric Environment. 43: 438-446.
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Steenburgh, W.J.; Mass, C.F.; Ferguson, S.A. 1997. The influence of terrain-induced circulations on wintertime temperature and snow level in the Washington Cascades. Weather and Forecasting. 12 (July 1997): 208-227.
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Stephenson, Nate; Peterson, Dave; Fagre, Dan; Allen, Craig; McKenzie, Don; Baron, Jill; O'Brian, Kelly. 2006. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: the Western Mountain Initiative. Park Science. 24 (1): 24-29.
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Stevens-Rumann, Camille; Prichard, Susan; Morgan, Penelope. 2014. The effects of previous wildfires on subsequent wildfire behavior and post-wildfire recovery. NRFSN Science Review No. 1. September. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho; Missoula, MT: Northern Rockies Fire Science Network. 10 p.
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Swift, Lloyd W.; Elliott, Katherine J.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 1993. Site preparation burning to improve southern Appalachian pine-hardwood stands: fire characteristics and soil erosion, moisture, and temperature. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23(10): 2242-2254.
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Trentmann, J.; Andreae, M.O.; Graf, H.-F.; Hobbs, P.V.; Ottmar, R.D.; Trautmann, J. 2002. Simulation of a biomass-burning plume: comparison of model results with observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(D2): AAC 5-1 to 515.
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Turetsky, Merritt R.; Kane, Evan S.; Harden, Jennifer W.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Maines, Kristen L.; Hoy, Elizabeth; Kasischke, Eric S. 2010. Recent acceleration of biomass burning and carbon losses in Alaskan forests and peatlands. Nature Geoscience. 4: 27-31.
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Tyler, Marnie W.; Peterson, David L. 2006. Vascular plant species diversity in low elevation coniferous forests of the western Olympic Peninsula: a legacy of land use. Northwest Science. 80(3):224-238.
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Varner, J. Morgan III; Hiers, J. Kevin; Ottmar, Roger D.;Gordon, Doria R.; Putz, Francis E.; Wade, Dale D. 2007. Overstory tree mortality resulting from reintroducing fire to long-unburned longleaf pine forests: the importance of duff moisture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37: 1349-1358.
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Vihnanek, Robert E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 1994. When logged units burn in a wildfire, does slash treatment mitigate effects? In: Proceedings of the 12th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, October 26-28, Jekyll Island, GA. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters. 709-714.
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Vihnanek, R.; Ottmar, R.; Miranda, H. 1998. Development of a phot[o] series for aboveground biomass in the Brazilian Cerrado [Abstract]; 431. In: Proceedings, 13th conference on fire and forest meteorology; 1996 October 27-31; Lorne, Australia. Moran, WY: International Association of Wildland Fire.
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Vihnanek, Robert E.; Balog, Cameron S.; Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Kelly, Jeffrey W. 2009. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume XII: Post-hurricane fuels in forests of the Southeast United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-803. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 53 p.
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Vose, James M.; Peterson, David L.; Patel-Weynand, Toral. 2012. Effects of climatic variability and change on forest ecosystems: a comprehensive science synthesis for the U.S. forest sector. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-870. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 265 p.
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Walstad, John D.; Radosevich, Steven R.; Sandberg, David V. 1990. Introduction to natural and prescribed fire in Pacific Northwest forests. In: Walstad, John D.; Radosevich, Steven R.; Sandberg, David V. eds. Natural and prescribed fire in Pacific Northwest forests. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press. 3-5. Chapter 1.

Ward, Darold E. 1986. Characteristic emissions of smoke from prescribed fires for source apportionment. In: Proceedings of the 1986 annual meeting of the Pacific Northwest International Section, Air Pollution Control Association; 1986 November 19-21; Eugene, OR. Pittsburgh, PA: Air Pollution Control Association: 160-167.

Ward, Franklin R.; Sandberg, David V. 1981. Predictions of fire behavior and resistance to control. Gen. Tech. Report PNW-GTR-115. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 50 p.
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Ward, Franklin R.; Sandberg, David V. 1981. Predictions of fire behavior and resistance to control; For use with photo series for the ponderosa pine type, ponderosa pine and associated species type, and lodgepole pine type. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-115. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 50 p.
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Ward, Darold E.; Hardy, Colin C. 1987. Emission factor measurements for LODI test fires using surface based emissions sampling equipment [Abstract]. In: Technical papers presented at the Defense Nuclear Agency Global Effects Review; 1987 April 7-9; Alexandria, VA. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency. DASIAC-TN-87-35-V2: 333.

Ward, Darold E.; Hardy, Colin C. 1989. Emissions from prescribed burning of chaparral. Paper presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the Air & Waste Management Association (formerly APCA); 1989 June 25-30; Anaheim, CA. Pittsburgh, PA: Air & Waste Management Association. [Not paged].

Ward, Darold E.; Hardy, Colin C. 1991. Smoke emissions from wildland fires. Environmental International, Vol 17:117-134.
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Ward, Darold E.; Hardy, Colin C.; Sandberg, David V. 1988. Emission factors for particles from prescribed fires by region in the United States. In: Mathai, C.V.; Stonefield, David H., eds. Transactions PM-10 implementation of standards: an APCA/EPA international specialty conference; 1988 February 23-24; San Francisco, CA. Pittsburgh, PA: Air Pollution Control Association: 372-386.

Ward, Darold E.; Sussott, Ronald A.; Babbitt, Ronald E.; Hardy, Colin C. 1991. Properties and concentration of smoke near the ground from biomass field tests. In: Proceedings of the smoke/obscurants symposium XIV; 1990 November [dates unknown]; Hampton, VA. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: Chemical Research Development, and Engineering Center. Vol II, CRDEC-CR-092. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Armament Munitions Chemical Command:685-705.

Wiedinmyer, Christine; Quayle, Brad; Geron, Chris; Belote, Angie; McKenzie, Don; Zhang, Xiaoyang; O'Neill, Susan; Wynne, Kristina Klos 2006. Estimating emissions from fires in North America for air quality modeling. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 40: 3419-3432.
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Wilsey C.B.; Lawler, J.J.; Maurer, E.P.; McKenzie, D.; Townsend, P.A.; Gwozdz, R.; Freund, J.A.; Hagmann, K.; Hutten, K.M. 2013. Tools for assessing climate impacts on fish and wildlife. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 4(1):220–241.
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Wright, Clinton S. 2010. Effects of disturbance and fuelbed succession on spatial patterns of fuel, fire hazard, and carbon: and fuel consumption in shrub-dominated ecosystems. Seattle, WA: University of Washington. Ph.D. 230 p. [.pdf 14 MB]

Wright, Clinton S. 2013. Fuel consumption models for pine flatwoods fuel types in the Southeastern United States. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry. 37(3): 148-159.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Agee, James K. 2004. Fire and vegetation history in the eastern Cascade Mountains, Washington. Ecological Applications. 14(2): 443-459.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Balog, Cameron S.; Kelly, Jeffrey, W. 2009. Estimating volume, biomass, and potential emissions of hand-piled fuels. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-805. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 23 p.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Eagle, Paige C.; Balog, Cameron S. 2010. Characterizing hand-piled fuels. Fire Management Today. 70(3): 16-18.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Eagle, Paige C.; Olson, Diana L. 2010. A high-quality fuels database of photos and information. Fire Management Today. 70(3): 27-31
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Wright, Clinton S. 2013. Models for predicting fuel consumption in sagebrush-dominated ecosystems. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 66: 254-266.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2008. Fuel consumption during prescribed fires in big sage ecosystems. [Abstract]. In: Narog, Marcia G., tech. ed. Proceedings of the 2002 fire conference: managing fire and fuels in the remaining wildlands and open spaces of the Southwestern United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-189. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 363.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2006. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels, Volume VIII: hardwood, pitch pine, and red spruce/balsam fir types in the northeastern United States. PMS 840. Boise, ID: National Wildfire Coordinating Group, National Interagency Fire Center. 91 p.
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Wright, Clinton, S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2010. Critique of Sikkink and Keane's comparison of surface fuel sampling techniques. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 19: 374-376.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Ferguson, Sue A.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2007. Fuel consumption and flammability thresholds in shrub-dominated ecosystems. Final report to the Joint Fire Science Program.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Weise, David R. 2002. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels: grassland, shrubland, woodland, and forest types in Hawaii. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-545. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 91 p.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Prichard, Susan J. 2006. Biomass consumption during prescribed fires in big sagebrush ecosystems. In: Andrews, Patricia L.; Butler, Bret W., comps. Fuels management -- how to measure success. RMRS-P-41. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 489-500.
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Wright, C.S., N.L. Troyer and R.E. Vihnanek. 2003. Monitoring fuel consumption and mortality from prescribed burning in old-growth ponderosa pine stands in eastern Oregon. In: Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology and the 2nd International Wildland Fire Ecology and Fire Management Congress. Orlando, FL.
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camera iconWright, Clinton S.; Vihnanek, Robert E. 2014. Stereo photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume XIII: Grasslands, oak-bay woodlands, and eucalyptus forests in the East Bay of California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-893. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 39 p.
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Wright, Clinton S.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2007. Digital photo series. Final report to the Joint Fire Science Program.
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cameraWright, Clinton S.; Vihnanek, Robert E.; Restaino, Joseph C.; Dvorak, Jon E. 2012. Photo series for quantifying natural fuels. Volume XI: eastern Oregon sagebrush-steppe and northern spotted owl nesting habitat in the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-878. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 85 p. [Ordering][Full text and abstract, low resolution [.html] [Full text, high resolution [.pdf 50 MB]

Wright, Clinton Stewart. 2010. Effects of disturbance and fuelbed succession on spatial patterns of fuel, fire hazard, and carbon; and fuel consumption in shrub-dominated ecosystems. Ph.D. Dissertation [.pdf]. Seattle, WA: University of Washington. 216 p.


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Yokelson, R.J.; Urbanski, S.P.; Atlas, E.L.; Toohey, D.W.; Alvarado, E.C.; Crounse, J.D.; Wennberg, P.O.; Fisher, M.E.; Wold, C.E.; Campos, T.L.; Adachi, K.; Buseck, P.R.; Hao, W.M. 2007. Emissions from forest fires near Mexico City. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 7: 5569-5584.
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Youngblood, Andrew; Wright, Clinton S.; Ottmar, Roger D.; McIver, James D. 2008. Changes in fuelbed characteristics and resulting fire potentials after fuel reduction treatments in dry forests of the Blue Mountains, northeastern Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management. 255 (8-9): 3151-3169.
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