USDA Forest Service

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team


Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory

400 N 34th Street, Suite 201
Seattle, WA 98103

(206) 732-7800

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United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

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arrowEvaluation of CONSUME and FOFEM Fuel Consumption Models in Pine and Mixed Hardwood Forests of the Eastern United States

Reliable predictions of fuel consumption are critical in the eastern United States (US), where prescribed burning is frequently applied to forests and air quality is of increasing concern. The predictive models CONSUME and the First Order Fire Effects Model (FOFEM), estimate fuel consumption and emissions from wildland fires.

This study in the Canadian Journal of Forest Research assessed each model’s uncertainties and application limits. Overall, FOFEM predictions have narrower regions of indifference than CONSUME and suggest better correspondence between measured and predicted consumption. Both models offer reliable predictions of live fuel, but can be improved in their predictive capability for woody fuel, litter, and duff consumption for eastern US forests. FERA's Susan Prichard, Roger Ottmar, Maureen Kennedy, Jim Cronan, and Clint Wright joined Eva Karau and Bob Keane in this endevour.

arrowSmoke Consequences of New Wildfire Regimes Driven by Climate Change

Various lines of evidence suggest that smoke from wildfires in the future may be more intense and widespread, demanding that methods be developed to address its effects on people, ecosystems, and the atmosphere. The authors, led by FERA's Don McKenzie, present the essential ingredients of a modeling system for projecting smoke consequences, describe each component of the system, offer suggestions for the elements of a modeling agenda, and provide some general guidelines for making choices among potential components.

Funding for this paper, published in Earth's Future, was provided by the Joint Fire Science Program project #12-S-01-2.

Paper (.html)

Webinar (YouTube)

arrowFuel Treatments and Landform Modify Landscape Patterns of Burn Severity in an Extreme Fire Event

Under a rapidly warming climate, a critical management issue in semiarid forests of western North America is how to increase forest resilience to wildfire. Susan Prichard and Maureen Kennedy, FERA cooperators at the University of Washington, evaluated relationships between fuel reduction treatments and burn severity in the 2006 Tripod Complex fires in Washington State and published their research results in the journal Ecological Applications.

arrowFuel Treatment Prescriptions Alter Spatial Patterns of Fire Severity Around the Wildland-Urban Interface During the Wallow Fire, Arizona, USA.

In the journal Forest Management and Ecology, Maureen Kennedy and Morris Johnson examine the spatial pattern of fire severity as the Wallow Fire move from wildland fuels into treated fuels. All fuel treatments demonstrated reduced fire severity before encountering homes, demonstrating that there are multiple paths to fuel treatment design around the wildland-urban interface.



Fuel and Fire Tools (FFT)

Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS)


GIS Layers for Mapping Fuelbeds

Consume 3.0

Digital Photo Series

Fire Emission Production System (FEPS)

Pile Calculator

Photo Series


Software Tutorials for FCCS, Consume 3.0, the Natural Fuels Photo Series, and FEPS




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U.S. Forest Service - PNW- FERA
Last Modified: Wednesday, 18 June 2014 at 12:20:00 CDT

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