USDA Forest Service
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team

 
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory

400 N 34th Street, Suite 201
Seattle, WA 98103

(206) 732-7800

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arrowClimate, Fire Size, and Biophysical Setting Control Fire Severity and Spatial Pattern in the Northern Cascade Range, USA

Burn severity data from the northern Cascade Range was used to explore the relationships between fire size, severity, and the spatial pattern of that severity across 125 fires from a 25-year period of time. Local ecological controls modulating these relationship. This work by University of Washington cooperator Alina Cansler and FERA team member Don McKenzie was published is the journal Ecological Applications.

arrowProceedings Papers from the 4th Fire Behavior and Fuels Conference

FERA scentists served as authors on three papers in the newly-released proceedings of a fire conference in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 2012 are now available as part of an electronic publications of the proceedings.

  • A US National Fuels Database and Map for Calculating Carbon Emissions from Wildland and Prescribed Fire
  • Ground Measurements of Fuel and Fuel Consumption from Experimental and Operational Prescribed Fires at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida
  • Relationship of Post-Fire Ground Cover to Surface Fuel Loads and Consumption in Longleaf Pine Ecosystems.

arrowEvaluation of CONSUME and FOFEM Fuel Consumption Models in Pine and Mixed Hardwood Forests of the Eastern United States

Reliable predictions of fuel consumption are critical in the eastern United States (US), where prescribed burning is frequently applied to forests and air quality is of increasing concern. The predictive models CONSUME and the First Order Fire Effects Model (FOFEM), estimate fuel consumption and emissions from wildland fires.

This study in the Canadian Journal of Forest Research assessed each model’s uncertainties and application limits. Overall, FOFEM predictions have narrower regions of indifference than CONSUME and suggest better correspondence between measured and predicted consumption. Both models offer reliable predictions of live fuel, but can be improved in their predictive capability for woody fuel, litter, and duff consumption for eastern US forests. FERA's Susan Prichard, Roger Ottmar, Maureen Kennedy, Jim Cronan, and Clint Wright joined Eva Karau and Bob Keane in this endevour.

arrowSmoke Consequences of New Wildfire Regimes Driven by Climate Change

Various lines of evidence suggest that smoke from wildfires in the future may be more intense and widespread, demanding that methods be developed to address its effects on people, ecosystems, and the atmosphere. The authors, led by FERA's Don McKenzie, present the essential ingredients of a modeling system for projecting smoke consequences, describe each component of the system, offer suggestions for the elements of a modeling agenda, and provide some general guidelines for making choices among potential components.

Funding for this paper, published in Earth's Future, was provided by the Joint Fire Science Program project #12-S-01-2.

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