USDA Forest Service
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team

 
 

Fire and Environmental Research Applications Team
Pacific Wildland Fire Sciences Laboratory

400 N 34th Street, Suite 201
Seattle, WA 98103

(206) 732-7800

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United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

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Fuel Characteristic Classification System Publications and Supplementary Documentation

Fact Sheet [.pdf 308 kb]

User Guide for Version 2.2 [.pdf 2.21 MB]

Lists of Inferred Variables


Background on the Development of FCCS

Fuel Characteristic Classification System Version 3.0: Technical Documentation--Prichard, S.J.; Sandberg, D.V.; Ottmar, R.D.; Eberhardt,E.; Andreu, A.; Eagle, P.; Swedin, K. 2013. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-887. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. Portland, Oregon. 79 p.

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The following 8 articles were published by the Canadian Journal of Forest Research in the December 2007 Special Forum on the Fuel Characteristic Classification System.

Characterizing and Classifying Complex Fuels -- A New Approach
Berg, Erik. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2381-2382.

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An Overview of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System – Quantifying, Classifying, and Creating Fuelbeds for Resource Planning
Ottmar, R.D.; Sandberg, D.V.; Riccardi, C.L.; Prichard, S.J. 2007.
Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2383-2393.

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The Fuelbed: a Key Element of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System
Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Ottmar, Roger D.; Sandberg, David V., Andreu, Anne; Elman, Ella; Kopper, Karen; Long, Jennifer. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2394-2412.

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Quantifying Physical Characteristics of Wildland Fuels Using the Fuel Characteristic Classification System
Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Prichard Susan J.; Sandberg, David V.; Ottmar, Roger D. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2413-2420.

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Fire Potential Rating for Wildland Fuelbeds Using the Fuel Characteristic Classification System.
Sandberg, David V.; Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Schaaf, Mark D. 2007.
Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2456-2463.

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Reformulation of Rothermel’s Wildland Fire Behaviour Model for Heterogeneous Fuelbeds
Sandberg, David V.; Riccardi, Cynthia L.; Schaaf, Mark D. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2438-2455.

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A Conceptual Framework for Ranking Crown Fire Potential in Wildland Fuelbeds
Schaaf, Mark D.; Sandberg, David V.; Schreuder, Maarten D.; Riccardi, Cynthia L. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2464-2478.

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Mapping Fuels at Multiple Scales: Landscape Application of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System
McKenzie, D.; Raymond, C.L.; Kellogg, L.-K.B.; Norheim, R.A; Andreu, A.G.; Bayard, A.C.; Kopper, K.E.; Elman. E. 2007. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37(12): 2421-2437.

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Supplementary Papers, Presentations, and Documentation

Development and Mapping of Fuel Characteristics and Associated Fire Potentials for South America
Pettinari, M.L.; Ottmar, R.D.; Prichard, S.J.; Andreu, A.G.; Chuvieco, E. 2013. International Journal of Wildland Fire.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF12137

Fuel Variability Following Wildfire in Forests in Mixed Severity Fire Regimes, Cascade Range, USA
Hudec, J.L.; Peterson, D.L. 2012. Forest Ecology and Management. 277: 11-24.
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/42519

National to Local: A Pre and Post Assessment of the Fuel Characteristic Classification System (FCCS) Landscape Variables for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
James, L.L. 2012. M.S. Thesis, University of Washington. 72 p.
Full text [.pdf]

National Database for Calculating Fuel Available to Wildfires
McKenzie, D., N.H.F. French, and R.D. Ottmar. 2012. EOS Transactions 93:57-58.
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/40845

Changes in Fuelbed Characteristics and Resulting Fire Potentials after Fuel Reduction Treatments in Dry Forests of the Blue Mountains, Northeastern Oregon.
Youngblood, Andrew; Wright, Clinton W.; Ottmar, Roger D.; McIver, James. 2007. Forest Management and Ecology. 255: 3151-3169.
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/33123

Mapping Fuels on the Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests
Raymond, C.L.; Kellogg, L.K-B.; McKenzie, D. 2006.In: Andrews, P.L.; Butler, B.W., eds. Fuels management - how to measure success: conference proceedings. Proceedings RMRS-P-41. Portland, OR.  U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 293-304.
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/25955

Fuel Characteristic Classification System
Ottmar Roger D.; Sandberg, D.V.; Prichard, S.J.; Riccardi, C.L. 2003.
Presentation at the 2nd International Wildland Fire Ecology and Fire Management Congress
http://ams.confex.com/ams/FIRE2003/techprogram/paper_67236.htm (30 September 2004).
Also listen to presentation, and watch slides!!!

Fire Potential Rating for Wildland Fuelbeds
David V. Sandberg. 2003.
Presentation at the 2nd International Wildland Fire Ecology and Fire Management Congress
http://ams.confex.com/ams/FIRE2003/techprogram/paper_67075.htm
(30 September 2004)
Also listen to presentation, and watch slides!!!

Characterizing Fuels in the 21st Century
David V. Sandberg, Roger Ottmar, and Geoff Cushon. 2001
Review of past classifications and introduction to the modern characterization of wildland fuelbeds. Published by the International Journal of Wildland Fire.
http://www.treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/5124

Fuel Characteristic Classification: Characterizing Wildland Fuelbeds in the United States
Geoff Cushon, Roger Ottmar, David Sandberg, Julee Greenough, and Jennifer Key
Overview paper presented at Fire2000 meeting, December 2000 in San Diego, California. In: Galley, K.E.M.; Klinger, R.C.; Sugihara, N.C., eds. 2003. Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: the first national congress on fire ecology, prevention, and management. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station.

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