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Environmental Services: Making Conservation Work
Forest Service Associate Chief Sally Collins
Outdoor Writers Association of America
Spokane, WA—June 22, 2004

Making Conservation Work

Powerpoint Presentation (outline)

By Sally Collins -Associate Chief, USDA Forest Service

Speech: Environmental Services: Making Conservation Work

Four Threats

Fire and fuels

Loss of open space

Invasive species

Unmanaged Outdoor Rrecreation

Loss of open space

  • Loss of soil and water protection
  • Loss of wildlife habitat
  • Loss of carbon sequestration
  • Loss of amenities
    • Outdoor recreation, scenic beauty, etc.

Forest land ownership Forest loss since 1600

  • 1607: 1,044 million acres
  • 1907: 759 million acres
  • 1953: 756.2 million acres
  • 1997: 747 million acres
    • Minus approx. 200,000 acres per year
  • 2050 (projected): 723.8 million acres
    • Minus approx. 440,000 acres per year

National forest % of consumption Developed land

  • 1982: 72.8 million acres
  • 2002: 107.3 million acres
    • Plus approx. 1.7 million acres per year
  • 2052: 192 million acres
    • Approx. 1 acre in 10

Cost + freight to Baltimore, 2001 Private timberland

  • Less profitable—more incentive to sell
    • 1963: 368.9 million acres
    • 2050 (projected): 343 million acres
      • Minus 25.9 million acres

Global responsibility

  • Is our consumption globally sustainable?
    • Illegal logging—
      • Up to 75% in some countries
    • Deforestation—
      • 1980-95: 440 million acres+ worldwide

Nontimber values

  • Clean water and air
  • Habitat for wildlife
  • Scenic beauty/sense of naturalness
  • Outdoor recreation
    • Potential new opportunities are on private land

Forest ownership in the South Rising demand for recreation Emerging pattern

  • Forest conversion to urban use
  • Private forest land closed to public
  • Shrinking supply, rising demand

Water services from forests New way of valuing forests

  • Natural capital paying dividends
  • We are liquidating our natural capital
  • Make environmental services pay
  • For people to work for conservation, conservation must work for people

Making environmental services pay

  • Examples:
    • New York City watershed
      • Paying for watershed improvements
    • Hancock Natural Resource Group
      • Dividends from carbon trading
    • Outdoor recreation
      • Fee-based: International Paper
      • Potential for in-kind services

Making conservation work

  • Financial incentives are key
  • Traditional approaches also needed
  • Translating noncommercial forest values into income
    • Clean water
    • Carbon sequestration
    • Biodiversity
    • Outdoor recreation, etc.
  • You can help!



Presentation: Making Conservation Work (.ppt - 3.73mb)


US Forest Service
Last modified March 29, 2013

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