Linda S. Heath
Durham, New Hampshire
Carbon storage and fluxes between terrestrial ecosystems and the
atmosphere for all forested ecosystems of the United States under
an array of scenarios of changing atmospheric and socioeconomic
conditions. This includes current projects of leading a team of
scientists to update the US forest carbon budget, estimating carbon
in coarse woody debris in forests of the northeastern US, and working
with James E. Smith to explore uncertainty in the US forest carbon
Ph.D., University of Washington, 1989, Forestry, Quantitative Resources
MS, University of Illinois, 1983, Forestry
BS, University of Illinois, 1981, Forest Management
September, 1999 - present, Research Forester, Northeastern Research
Station, RWU Measurement, Analysis, and Modeling of Forest Ecosystems
in a Changing Environment, Durham, NH. My funding continues to come
from the Northern Global Change Program.
April, 1994 September, 1999, Team Leader, Northeastern Research
Station, Northern Global Change Program, located at PNW Research
Station, Portland Forestry Sciences Lab, Portland, OR.
April, 1992 March, 1994, Research Forester, Northeastern
Research Station, Northern Global Change Program, Radnor, PA.
October, 1989 - March, 1992, Assistant District Ranger, GS-11,
USDA Forest Service, Monongahela National Forest, Greenbrier Ranger
District, Bartow, WV.
January, 1989 - October, 1989, Research Forester (post-doc), GS-11,
Pacific Northwest Research Station, Economics Project, Portland,
October, 1983 - October, 1988, Graduate Research Assistant, Regional
Forest Nutrition Research Project, University of Washington, Seattle,
Heath, L.S., and J.E. Smith. In press. Soil carbon accounting and
assumptions for forestry and forest-related land use change. In:
Joyce, L.A. and R.A. Birdsey, (eds), The Impact of Climate Change
on Americas Forests, USDA Forest Service, General Technical
Smith, James E. and Linda S. Heath. In press. Identifying influences
on model uncertainty: an application using a forest carbon budget
model. Environmental Management.
Smith, J.E., and L.S. Heath. In press. Considerations for interpreting
probabilistic uncertainties to projections of forest carbon budgets.
P. 102-111. In: Joyce, L.A. and R.A. Birdsey, (eds), The Impact
of Climate Change on Americas Forests, USDA Forest Service,
General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-59.
Heath, LS, and J.E. Smith. 2000. An assessment of uncertainty in
forest carbon budget projections. Environmental Science & Policy
McWilliams, W.H., Linda S. Heath, G.C. Reese, and T.L. Schmidt.
2000. Forest Resources and Conditions. Pages 3-26 in Responses of
Northern U.S. Forests to Environmental Change. Eds: Mickler, Richard
A., Birdsey, and John Hom. Ecological Studies Series v. 139, Springer-Verlag.
Smith, J. and LS Heath. 1998. Multidisciplinary views in modeling
response to climate change: A workshop summary. U. S. Department
of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, General
Technical Report NE-251. 18 p.
Heath, LS, and LA Joyce. 1997. Carbon sequestration in forests
as a national policy issue, p. 29-36. In: Communicating the roles
of silviculture in managing the national forests: Proceedings of
the National Silviculture Workshop, May 19-21, 1997, Warren, PA.
USDA Forest Service Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, General
Technical Report NE-238. 205 p.
Skog, K.E., T. Marcin, and L.S. Heath. 1996. Opportunities to reduce
carbon emissions and increase storage by wood substitution, recycling,
and improved utilization. In: Forests and Global Change, Volume
2: Forest management opportunities for mitigating carbon emissions,.
Ince, P. J., K. E. Skog, and L. S. Heath. 1995. Recycling in the
big picture--the really big picture. Resource Recycling 14: 41-45.
Heath, L.S., R.A. Birdsey, C. Row, and A.J. Plantinga. 1996. Carbon
pools and flux in U.S. forest products. In: Forest Ecosystems, Forest
Management, and the Global Carbon Cycle, (M.J. Apps and D.T. Price,
eds). NATO ASI Series I: Global Environmental Changes, Volume 40,
Springer-Verlag, p. 271-278.
Joyce, L.A., J.R. Mills, L.S. Heath, A.D. McGuire, R.W. Haynes,
and R.A. Birdsey. 1995. Forest sector impacts from changes in forest
productivity under climate change. Journal of Biogeography, 22:
Birdsey, R.A. and L.S. Heath. 1995. Carbon changes in US forests.
In: Climate change and the productivity of America's forests, (L.A.
Joyce, ed.). U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky
Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station General Technical Report,
Ft. Collins, CO, p. 56-70.
Birdsey, R.A. and L.S. Heath. 1995. Carbon storage in US forests.
In: Encyclopedia of Energy, Technology, and the Environment. John-Wiley
and Sons, New York.
Heath, L.S. and R.A. Birdsey. 1993. Impacts of alternative forest
management policies on carbon sequestration on US timberlands. World
Resource Review 5: 171-179.
R.N. Sampson, M. Apps, S. Brown, C.V. Cole, J. Downing, L.S. Heath,
D.S. Ojima, T.M. Smith, A.M. Solomon, and J. Wisniewski. 1993. Workshop
summary statement: Terrestrial Biospheric Carbon fluxes--quantification
of sinks and sources of C02. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 70: 3-15.
Heath, L.S., P.E. Kauppi, P. Burschel, H-D Gregor, R. Guderian,
G. H. Kohlmaier, S. Lorenz, D. Overdieck, F. Scholz, H. Thomasius,
and M. Weber. 1993. Contribution of temperate forests to the world's
carbon budget. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 70: 55-69.
Heath, L.S., and R.A. Birdsey. 1993. Carbon trends of productive
temperate forests of the coterminous United States. Water, Air,
and Soil Pollution 70: 279-293.
Birdsey, R.A., A.J. Plantinga, and L.S. Heath. 1993. Past and prospective
carbon storage in U.S. forests. Forest Ecology and Management 58:
RECENT SIGNIFICANT INVITATIONS/CONSULTATIONS
2000. Member of U.S. State Department delegation to the 13th meeting
of the subsidiary bodies of the United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change in Lyon, France. Invited as expert to give presentation
on accounting for carbon in U.S. forests, and provide technical
1999. Elected chair of Forest Service Research Advisory Committee.
Nationwide Forest Service committee providing advice to the USDA
Forest Service Deputy Chief of Research & Development on research
classification panels (similar to tenure panels). I was chair the
last year of my three-year term on the committee.
1998. Invited to participate in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change Expert Workshop on Land Use Change and Forestry: Carbon in
Harvested Wood Products, May 5-7, Dakar, Senegal. Gave presentation,
participated in working groups and contributed to proceedings.
1995, 1997, 2000. Sustainability criteria. Primary author for criteria
5: Maintenance of forest contribution to global carbon cycle for
United States forests. This criterion has three parts: a. carbon
pools in forest ecosystems, b. forest ecosystems and the total carbon
budget, and c. forest products. Reports were produced in 1995, and
updated in 1997 for Chapter 6 of the First Approximation Report
for Sustainable Forest Management. In 2000, I was invited as a technical
expert on this criterion at the Roundtable on Sustainable Forests
Criteria & Indicators Technical Workshop, March 12-15, Denver,
American Association for the Advancement of Science; Society of
American Foresters; Ecological Society of America
1999, USDA Certificate of Merit for making a project-based organization
highly effective in the face of constant change.
1998, USDA Certificate of Merit for outstanding contributions to
the Forest Service Research Advisory Committee.
1996,USDA Certificate of Merit for Global Change Program Support
and external coordination in planning assessment activities
1995,USDA Certificate of Appreciation for contributions to the
1993 RPA Assessment Update (Climate Change Issue)