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Publications & Products

NGCRP Bibliography - Letter: S

Names: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T V W X Y Z

Salas, W.A.; Ranson, J.K.; Rock, B.N.; Smith, K.T. 1994. Temporal and spatial variations in dielectric constant and water status of dominant forest species from New England. Remote Sensing of Environment. 47: 109-119.

Sampson, R.N.; Brown, S.; Cole, C.V.; Downing, J.; Heath, L.S.; Ojima, D.S.; Smith, T.M.; Solomon, A.M.; Wisniewski, J. 1993. Workshop summary statement: terrestial biospheric carbon fluxes--quantification of sinks and sources of carbon dioxide. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 70: 3-15.

Scarascia-Mugnozza, G.E.; Karnosky, D.F.; Ceulemans, R.; Innes, J.L. 2001. The impact of CO2 and other greenhouse gases on forest ecosystems: an introduction. In: Karnosky, D.F.; Ceulemans, R.; Scarascia-Mugnozza, G.E., eds. The impact of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases on forest ecosystems. IUFRO 8 Research Series. New York, NY: CABI Publishing: 1-16.

Schaberg, P.G.; DeHayes, D.H.; Hawley, G.J.; Strimbeck, G.R.; Cumming, J.R.; Murakami, P.F.; Borer, C.H. 2000. Acid mist and soil Ca and Al alter the mineral nutrition and physiology of red spruce. Tree Physiology. 20: 73-85.

Schaberg, P.G.; Shane, J.B.; Cali, P.F.; Donnelly, J.R.; Strimbeck, G.R. 1998. Photosynthetic capacity of red spruce during winter. Tree Physiology. 18: 271-276.

Schaberg, P.G.; Shane, J.B.; Hawley, G.J.; Strimbeck, G.R.; DeHayes, D.H.; Cali, P.F.; Donnelly, J.R. 1996. Physiological changes in red spruce seedlings during a simulated winter thaw. Tree Physiology. 16: 567-574.

Schaberg, P.G.; Shane, J.B.; Hawley, G.J.; Strimbeck, G.R.; DeHayes, D.H.; Cali, P.F.; Donnelly, J.R. 1996. Thaw-induced changes in photosynthesis and cold hardiness of red spruce during winter. Proceedings 14th North American Forest Biology Workshop. 1996 June 16-20; Laval Univ. Quebec City, Canada. p. 163. Abstract.

Schaberg, P.G.; Snyder, M.C.; Shane, J.B.; Donnelly, J.R. 2000. Seasonal patterns of carbohydrate reserves in red spruce seedlings. Tree Physiology. 20: 549-555.

Schaberg, P.G.; Strimbeck, G.R.; Hawley, G.J.; DeHayes, D.H.; Shane, J.B.; Murakami, P.F.; Perkins,T.D.; Donnelly, J.R.; Wong, B.L. 1998. Natural variation in foliar cold tolerance, carbohydrate concentration and photosystem function of mature montane red spruce in midwinter. Program and Abstracts: Frontiers of Forest Biology, 1998 Joint Meeting of the North American Forest Biology Workshop and Western Forest Genetics Association. 1998 June 21-26; Victoria, Brit. Columbia, Canada. ID: 108. Abstract.

Schaberg, P.G.; Strimbeck, G.R.; Hawley, G.J.; DeHayes, D.H.; Shane, J.B.; Murakami, P.F.; Perkins, T.D.; Donnelly, J.R.; Wong, B.L. 2000. Cold tolerance and photosystem function in a montane red spruce population: physiological relationships with foliar carbohydrates. J. Sus. Fot. 10: 173-180.

Schaberg, P.G.; Wilkinson, R.C.; Shane, J.B.; Donnelly, J.R.; Cali, P.F. 1995. Winter photosynthesis of red spruce from three Vermont seed sources. Tree Physiology. 15: 345-350.

Schaberg, Paul G.; De Hayes, Donald H.; Hawley, Gary J.; Murakami, Paula F.; Strimbeck, Richard G.; McNulty, Steven G. 2002. Effects of chronic N fertilization on foliar membranes, cold tolerance, and carbon storage in montane red spruce. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 32: 1351-1359.

Schaberg, Paul G.; DeHayes, Donald H. 2000. Physiological and Environmental Causes of Freezing Injury in Red Spruce. In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of Northern U.S. Forests to Environmental Change. Ecological Studies 139. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.: 181-228.

Schaberg, Paul G.; Perkins, Timothy D.; McNulty, Steven G. 1997. Effects of chronic low-level N additions on foliar elemental concentrations, morphology, and gas exchange of mature montane red spruce. Can. J. For. Res. 27: 1622-1629.

Schaberg, Paul G.; Shane, John B.; Cali, Paula F. 1995. Cold-Season Photosynthesis: An "Evergreen Advantage"? Speakers and Abstracts from the 75th Annual Meeting of the New England Society of American Foresters. 1995 March 21-23; Burlington, VT. 12. Abstract.

Schaberg, Paul G.; Shane, John B.; Cali, Paula F. 1996. Genetic variation in field photosynthesis and photosynthetic capacity of Vermont red spruce during the cold season. 14th North American Forest Biology Workshop, Forest Management Impacts on Ecosystem Processes. 1996 June 16-20; Quebec City, Canada. p. 35. Abstract.

Scherzer, A.J.; Hom, J. 2002. Physiological database of common eastern forest tree species growing in natural or experimentally altered conditions. The Ecological Society of America 87th Annual Meeting. 2002 August 4-9; Tucson, AZ. Abstract. [Not Paged]

Scherzer, A.J.; Rebbeck, J.; Boerner, R.E.J. 1998. Foliar nitrogen dynamics and decomposition of yellow-poplar and eatern white pine during four seasons of exposure to elevated ozone and carbon dioxide. Forest Ecology and Management. 109: 355-366.

Scherzer, Amy J. 1993. Comparisons of the physiology and structure of different-sized yellow poplar [yellow-poplar] (Liriodendron tulipifera L.). The Ohio Journal of Science. 93(2): 48. Abstract.

Scherzer, Amy J. 1993. Comparitive Physiology and Morphology of different-sized yellow poplar. Bulletin of The Ecological Society of America. 74(2): 427. Abstract.

Scherzer, Amy J. 1994. Nutrient dynamics of field-grown yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera). The Ohio Journal of Science. 94(2): 21-22. Abstract.

Scherzer, Amy J.; Rebbeck, Joanne. 1995. Effects of two years of exposure to ozone and elevated carbon dioxide on foliar N and P dynamics of yellow-poplar. The Ohio Journal of Science. 95(2): A-35. Abstract.

Schier, G.A.; McQuattie, C.J. 1993. Effect of elevated carbon dioxide on response of pitch pine to aluminum. Joint meeting of Northern and Southern Global Change Programs. 1993 June 8-9; Washington, DC. [Raleigh], NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 33. Abstract.

Schier, G.A.; McQuattie, C.J. 1994. Influence of carbon dioxide enrichment on response of mycorrhizal pitch pine (Pinus rigida) seedlings to aluminum. Abstracts: air pollution & multiple stresses: 16th international meeting for specialists in air pollution effects on forest ecosystems. 1994 September 7-9; Fredericton, NB. Fredericton, NB: Canadian Forest Service: 64. Abstract.

Schier, G.A.; McQuattie, C.J. 1999. Response of sugar maple seedlings to manganese. In: Eckhoff, Janet D.; eds. 2nd North American Forest Ecology Workshop, Forest Ecology into the Next Millennium: Putting the Long View into Practice. 1999 June 27-30; Orono, ME. p. 188. Abstract.

Schier, George A.; McQuattie, Carolyn J. 1995. Effect of aluminum on the growth, anatomy, nutrient content of extomycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal eastern white pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 1252-1262.

Schier, George A.; McQuattie, Carolyn J. 1996. Effects of carbon dioxide enrichment on response of pitch pine grown at different nutrient levels to aluminum. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: p. 31. Abstract.

Schier, George A.; McQuattie, Carolyn J. 1996. Response of ectomycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal pitch pine (Pinus regida) seedlings to nutrient supply and aluminum: growth and mineral nutrition. Can. J. For. Res. 26: 2145-2152.

Schier, George A.; McQuattie, Carolyn J. 1998. Effects of carbon dioxide enrichment on response of mycorrhizal pitch pine (Pinus rigida) to aluminum: growth and mineral nutrition. Trees. 12: 340-346.

Schier, George A.; McQuattie, Carolyn J. 1999. Effect of nitrogen source on aluminum toxicity in nonmycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal pitch pine seedling. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 22(6): 951-965.

Schimel, D.; Melillo, J.; Tian, H.; McGuire A.D.; Kicklighter, D.; Kittel, T.; Rosenbloom, N.; Running, S.; Thorton, P.; Ojima, D.; Parton, W.; Kelly, R.; Sykes, M.; Neilson, R.; Rizzo, B. 2000. Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United States. Science. 287: 2004-2006.

Schimel, D.S.; Emanuel, W.; Rizzo, B.; Smith, T.; Woodward, F.I.; Fisher, H. 1997. Continental scale variability in ecosystem processes: Model s, data, and the role of disturbance. Ecol. Monogr. 67: 251-271.

Schlamadinger, B.; Karjalainen, T.; Birdsey, R.;; Cannell, M.; Galinski, W.; Gintings, A.; Hamburg, S.; Jallow, B.; Kirschbaum, M.;; Krug, T.; Kurz, W.;Prisley, S.; Schulze, D.; Singh, K.D.; Singh, T.P.; Solomon, A.M.; Villers, L.; Yamagata, Y. 2000. Afforestation, reforestation, and deforestation (ARD) activities. In: Watson, R.T.; Noble, I.R.; Bolin, B., and others, eds. Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press: 127-179.

Schroeder, Paul; Brown, Sandra; Mo, Jiangming; Birdsey, Richard; Cieszewski, Chris. 1997. Biomass estimation for temperate broadleaf forests of the United States using inventory data. Forest Science. 43(3): 424-434.

Schulze, E.D.; Kelliher, F.M.; Korner, Ch.; Lloyd, J.; Hollinger, D.Y.; Vygodskaya, N.N. 1996. The role of vegetation in controlling carbon dioxide and water exchange between land surface and the atmosphere. In: Walker, B.; Steffen, W.; eds. International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Book Series Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press: 77-92.

Schulze, E.D.; Schulze, W.; Kelliher, F.M.; Vyodskaya, N.N.; Ziegler, W.; Kobak, K.I.; Koch, H.; others; Hollinger, D.Y. 1995. Aboveground biomass and nitrogen nutrition in a chronosequence of pristine Dahurian Larix stands in eastern Siberia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 943-960.

Schwartz, Mark W. 1996. Assessing the ability of plants to respond to climatic change through distribution shifts. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 184-191.

Schwartz, Mark W.; Iverson, Louis R.; Prasad, Anantha M. 2001. Predicting the potential future distribution of four tree species in Ohio using current habitat availability and climatic forcing. Ecosystems. 4: 568-581.

Schwartz, Mark W.; Iverson, Louis R.; Prasad, Anantha M.; Matthews, Stephen N.; O'Connor, Raymond J. 2006. Predicting extinctions as a result of climate change. Ecology. 87 (7): 1611-1615.

Schwartz, Mark W.; Iverson, Louis R.; Prasad, Anantha. 1996. Projected tree distribution shifts under global climate change in the fragmented Ohio landscape. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Supplement to the Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 1996 August 10-14; Providence, RI. 77(3): p. 398. Abstract.

Schweik, Charles M.; Grove, J.Morgan. 2001. Fostering open-source research via a world wide web system. Available:http.www.opensource.org. 5(4): 18. Abstract.

Schweik, Charles M.; Stepanov, Alexander; Grove, J. Morgan. 2005. The open research system: a web-based metadata and data repository for collaborative research. Computers and electronics in agriculture. 47: 221-242.

Schweik, Charles; Evans, Tom; Grove, J. Morgan. 2005. Open source and open content: a framework for global collaboration in social-ecological research. Ecology and Society: Online. 10(1): 33.

Scott, Neal A.; Rodrigues, Charles A.; Hughes, Holly; Lee, John T.; Davidson, Eric A.; Dail, D. Brayan. 2004. Changes in carbon storage and net carbon exchange one year after an initial shelterwood harvest at Howland Forest ME. Environmental Management. 33: S9-S22.

Shaver, Gaius R.; Canadell, Josep; Chapin III, F.S.; Gurevitch, Jessica; Harte, John; Henry, Greg. 2000. Global warming and terrestrial ecosystems: a conceptual framework for analysis. BioScience. 50(10): 871-882.

Sheeder, Scott A.; Lynch, James A.; Grimm, Jeffrey. 2002. Modeling atmospheric nitrogen deposition and transport in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Journal of Environmental Quality. 31: 1194-1206.

Sheng, Yingping; Podila, Gopi K.; Karnosky, David F. 1997. Differences in O3-induced superoxide dismutase and glutathione antioxidant expression in O3 tolerant and sensitive trembling aspen (populus tremuloides michx.) clones. Forest Genetics. 4(1): 25-33.

Shortle, W.C.; Bondietti, E.A. 1992. Timing, magnitude, and impact of acid deposition on sensitive forest sites. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 61: 253-267.

Shortle, W.C.; Smith, K.T.; Minocha, R.; Alexeyev, V.A. 1995. Similar patterns of change in stemwood calcium concentration in red spruce and Siberian fir. Journal of Biogeography. 22: 467-473.

Shortle, Walter C.; Smith, Kevin T.; Minocha, Rakesh; Lawrence, Gregory B.; David, Mark B. 1997. Acidic deposition, cation mobilization, an biochemical indicators of stress in healthy red spruce. J. Environ. Qual. 26: 871-876.

Shortle, Walter C.; Smith, Kevin T.; Minocha, Rakesh; Minocha, Subhash; Wargo, Philip M.; Vogt, Kristiina A. 2000. Tree Health and Physiology in a Changing Environment. In: Mickler, Robert A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; Hom, John, eds. Responses of Northern U.S. Forests to Environmental Change. Ecological Studies 139. Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.: 229-274.

Showman, R.E.; Long, R.P. 1992. Lichen studies along a wet sulfate deposition gradient in Pennsylvania. The Bryologist. 95(2): 166-170.

Sievering, H.; Kelly, T.; McConville, G.; Seibold, C.; Turnipseed, A. 2001. Nitric acid dry deposition to conifer forests: Niwot Ridge spruce-fir-pine study. Atmospheric Environment. 35: 3851-3859.

Sievering, Herman. 1999. Nitrogen deposition and carbon sequestration. Nature. 400: 629-630.

Sievering, Herman; Fernandez, Ivan; Lee, John; Hom, John; Rustad, Lindsey. 2000. Forest canopy uptake of atmospheric nitrogen deposition at eastern U.S. conifer sites: Carbon storage implications? Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 14(4): 1153-1159.

Simmons, Jeffrey A.; Fernandez, Ivan J.; Briggs, Russell D. 1996. Soil respiration and net N mineralization along a climate gradient in Maine. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 140-145.

Simmons, Jeffrey A.; Fernandez, Ivan J.; Briggs, Russell D.; Delaney, Mairin T. 1996. Forest floor carbon pools and fluxes along a regional climate gradient in Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 84: 81-95.

Sims, Daniel A.; Rahman, Abdullah F.; Cordova, Vicente D.; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Flanagan, Lawrence B.; Goldstein, Allen H. 2005. Midday values of gross CO2 flux and light use efficiency during satellite overpasses can be used to directly estimate eight-day mean flux. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 131: 1-12.

Skelly, J.M.; Fredericksen, T.S.; Savage, J.E.; Snyder, K.R. 1996. Vertical gradients of ozone and carbon dioxide within a deciduous forest in central Pennsylvania. Environmental Pollution. 94(2): 235-240.

Skog, Ken. 1997. Carbon cycling through wood and paper products. USDA Forest Service Global Change Research Program Highlights: 1991-95. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-237. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: p. 110.

Skog, Kenneth E.; Pingoud Kim; Smith, James E. 2004. A method countries can use to estimate changes in carbon stored in harvested wood products and the uncertainty of such estimates. Environmental Management. 33: S65-S73.

Skowronski, Nicholas; Clark, Kenneth; Nelson, Ross; Hom, John; Patterson, Matthew. 2007. Remotely sensed measurements of forest structure and fuel loads in the Pinelands of New Jersey. Remote Sensing of the Environment. 108 (2): 123-129.

Slaughter, Kent W.; Grigal, D.F.; Ohmann, L.F. 1998. Carbon storage in southern boreal forests following fire. Scand. J. For. Res. 13: 119-127.

Slaughter, Kent Wesley. 1994. Succession following forest fire in northeastern Minnesota: changes in biomass and stand composition. St. Paul, MN.

Smith, J.A.; Goltz, S.M. 1993. Modeling thermal exitance and energy balance in forest canopy backgrounds. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Ground Target Modeling and Validation Conference, Michigan Technological University. 1993 August 24-26; Houghton, MI. 10 pp.

Smith, J.A.; Goltz, S.M. 1994. Updated thermal model using simplified short-wave radiosity calculations. Remote Sensing of Environment. 47: 167-175.

Smith, J.E.; Heath, L.S. 1998. Estimating uncertainty of carbon in United States forests under base and climate change scenarios. The Earth's Changing Land GCTE-LUCC Open Science Conference on Global Change, Abstracts. 1998 March 14-18; Barcelona, Spain. p. 31. Abstract.

Smith, J.E.; Heath, L.S.; Woodbury, P.B. 2004. Standard forest carbon stocks and stock change for forest types of the U.S. The Ecological Society of America: 89th annual meeting. 2004 August 1-6; Portland, OR. [Place of publication unknown]. [Publisher unknown]. 474. Abstract

Smith, James E.; Goltz, S.M. 1994. A Thermal Exitance and Enery Balance Model for Forest Canopies. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. 32(5): 1060-1066.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 1998. Multidisciplinary views in modeling response to climate change: A workshop summary. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-251. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 18 p.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 2000. Chapter 7. Considerations for interpreting probabilistic estimates of uncertainty of forest carbon. In: Joyce, Linda A.; Birdsey, Richard A.; eds. The impact of climate change on America's forests: a technical document supporting the 2000 USDA Forest Service RPA assessment. GTR RMRS-GTR-59. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 102-111.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 2001. Identifying influences on model uncertainty: an application using a forest carbon budget model. Environmental Management. 27(2): 253-267.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 2002. A model of forest floor carbon mass for United States forest types. Research Paper NE-722. Newtown Square, PA, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 1-37.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 2004. Carbon stocks and projections on public forestlands in the United States, 1952-2040. Environmental Management. 33(4): 433-442.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S. 2005. Forest carbon growth and yield tables and uncertainty for U.S. forest types. Third USDA symposium on greenhouse gases and carbon sequestration in Agriculture and forestry. 2005 March 21-24; Baltimore, MD. [Place of publication not known]. [Not paged]. Abstract.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S.; Jenkins, Jennifer C. 2003. Forest volume-to-biomass models and estimates of mass for live and standing trees of U.S. forests. GTR NE-298. Newtown Square, PA, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 1-57.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S.; Skog, Kenneth E.; Birdsey, Richard A. 2006. Methods for calculating forest ecosystem and harvested carbon with standard estimates for forest types of the United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-343. Newtown Square, PA. USDA NE-343: p. 216.

Smith, James E.; Heath, Linda S.; Woodbury, Peter B. 2004. How to estimate forest carbon for large areas from inventory data. Journal of Forestry. 25-31.

Smith, K.T.; Schortle, W.C.; Ostrofsky, W.D. 1995. Aluminum and calcium in fine root tips of red spruce collected from the forest floor. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 1237-1242.

Smith, K.T.; Shortle, W.C. 1993. Effectiveness of compartmentalization of wound-initiated discoloration in red spruce trees of two forest stands. Eur. J. For. Path. 23: 244-251.

Smith, K.T.; Shortle, W.C. 1994. Variation in effectiveness of wound response for red spruce trees in two forest stands (translation from Russian). Lesovedenie. 2: 76-78.

Smith, Kevin T.; Cufar, Katarina; Levanic, Tom. 1999. Temporal stability and dendroclimatology in Silver Fir and Red Spruce. Plant Physiology. 39: 117-122.

Smith, Kevin T.; Shortie, Walter C. 2001. Conservation of element concentration in xylem sap of Red Spruce. Trees. 15: 148-153.

Smith, Kevin T.; Shortle, Walter C. 1996. Tree biology and dendrochemistry. In: Dean, J.S.; Meko, D.M.; Swetnam, T.W., eds. Tree Rings, Evnironment and Humanity. Tucson, AZ: Radiocarbon: 629-635.

Smith, Kevin T.; Shortle, Walter C.; Minocha, Rakesh; Alexeyev, Vladislav A. 1996. Dynamics of calcium conentration in stemwood of red spruce and siberian fir. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 230-238.

Smith, Marie-Louise; Ollinger, Scott V. 1998. Relationships among foliar chemistry, nitrogen mineralization and forest productivity in the White Mountains, New Hampshire. Ecological Society of America 1998, 83rd Annual Meeting Abstracts. 1998 August 2-6; Baltimore, MD. p. 217. Abstract.

Smith, Marie-Louise; Ollinger, Scott V.; Martin, Mary E.; Aber, John D.; Hallett, Richard A.; Goodale, Christine L. 2002. Direct estimation of aboveground forest productivity through hyperspectral remote sensing of canopy nitrogen. Ecological Applications. 12(5): 1286-1302

Solada, Steven W.; Perry, Sue A.; Perry, William B. 1996. Leaf litter decomposition and elemental change in three appalachian mountain streams of different pH. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 161-164.

Solomon, Dale S.; Leak, William B. 1994. Migration of tree species of New England based on elevational and regional analyses. Res. Pap. NE-688. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 9 p.

Solomon, Dale S.; Leak, William B. 1996. Evaluation of methodology for detecting/predicting migration of forest species. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 175-182.

Solomon, Dale S.; Leak, William B.; Hollinger, David Y. 1997. Tree demography and migration: What stand level measurements can tell about the response of forests to climate change. In: Huntley, B.; eds. Past and Future Rapid Environmental Changes: The Spatial and Evolutionary Responses of Terrestrial Biota. NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 47. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag: 240-254.

Song, Bo; Wang, Xianli; Williams, Tom M.; Mladenoff, David J.; Chen, Jiquan; Gustafson, Eric J.; Hom, John L. et. al. 2006. Visualizing a landscape, its changes, and driving processes. In: Chen, Jiquan. eds. Ecology of Hierarchical Landscapes. 167-191.

Spinney, Michael P.; Van Deusen, Paul C.; Heath, Linda S.; Smith, James E. 2005. COLE: Carbon on line estimation web tool for continental U.S. forest ecosystems. Version 2. Available at http://ncasi.uml.edu. Abstract.

Stander, Emilie K.; Groffman, Peter M.; Pouyat, Richard V. 2002. Soil nitrogen cycling in urban forests and grasslands. The Ecological Society of America 87th Annual Meeting. 2002 August 4-9; Tucson, AZ. 273. Abstract.

Stech, Harlan W.; Host, George E.; Lenz, Kathryn E. 2004. Elementary image analysis techniques for calibrating and testing canopy light interception models. In: Godin, Christophe; Hanan, Jim; Kurth, Winfried, eds. Proceedings of the 4th International workshop on Functional-Structural Plant Models. 2004 June 7-11; Montpellier, France. [Place of publication unknown]. [Publisher unknown]. [Not paged].

Steinberg, David A.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Parmelee, Robert W.; Groffman, Peter M. 1997. Earthworm abundance and nitrogen mineralization rataes along an urban-rural land use gradient. Soil Biol. Biochem. 29(3/4): 427-430.

Stewart, S.I.; Dwyer, J.F.; Radeloff, V.C.; Hammer, R.B.; Treves, A. 2003. Mapping the wildland urban interface across the United States: 1940-2030. National Fire Plan Conference. 2003 January 13-15; New Orleans, LA.

Stolte, Kenneth W.; Murdoch, Peter; Jenkins, Jennifer; Birdsey, Richard; Evans, Richard. 2003. Multi-scale evaluation of watershed health in the Delaware River Basin and CERMI. In: Renard, Kenneth G.; McElroy, Stephen A.; Gburek, William J., eds. First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. 2003 October 27-30; Tucson, AZ. 235-241.

Stone, Brian; Obermann, William; Snyder, Stephanie. 2005. A new method for estimating and projecting vehicle miles of travel. General Technical Report NC-253. St. Paul , MN : USDA FS GTR 253.

Stone, Brian; Obermann, William; Snyder, Stephanie. 2005. A new method for estimating and projecting vehicle miles of travel. General Technical Report NC-253. St. Paul, MN: USDA FS. 24 p.

Stone, Douglas M. 1993. Curly needle syndrome of loblolly pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23(9): 1810-1814.

Stone, Thomas A.; Schlesinger, Peter. 1993. Building a Spatially Referenced Database of Landcover for the Region of the Former Soviet Union. Pecora 12 Symposium. 1993 August 24-26; Sioux Falls, SD. 555-558.

Strand, Marc; Herms, Daniel A.; Ayres, Matthew P.; Kubiske, Mark E.; Kaufman, Michael G.; Walker, Edward D.; Pregitzer, Kurt S.; Merritt, Richard W. 1999. Effects of atmospheric CO2, light availability and tree species on the quality of leaf detritus as a resource for treehole mosquitoes. OIKOS. 84: 277-283.

Strand, R. Malcolm; Herms, Daniel A.; Kaufman, Michael G.; Kubiske, Mark E.; Mattson, William J.; Walker, Edward D.; Pregitzer, Kurt S.; Merritt, Richard W. 1996. Effects of elevated CO2 and shade on the decomposition of senesced tree foliage: impacts on the growth and survival of treehole Mosquitoes. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 101-110.

Strimbeck, G.R.; Schaberg, P.G.; DeHayes, D.H.; Shane, J.B.; Hawley, G.J. 1995. Midwinter dehardening of montane red spruce during a natural thaw. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 25: 2040-2044.

Strimbeck, G.R.; Vann, David R.; Johnson, Arthur H. 1996. Effects of calcium fertilization and acid mist on calcium concentration and cold tolerance of red spruce needles. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 10-12. Abstract.

Strong, Terry F. 1997. Harvesting intensity influences the carbon distribution in a northern hardwood ecosystem. Res. Pap. NC-329. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 7 p.

Stuart, Gordon W.; Dolloff, C. Andrew; Corbett, Edward S. 1994. Riparian area functions and values - a forest perspective. Proceedings of Riparian Ecosystems in the Humid U.S. Conference. 1993 March 15-18; Atlanta, GA. Washington, DC: National Association of Conservation Districts: 81-89.

Sutherland, E. Kennedy. 1996. Restoration of mixed-oak forests in Southern Ohio, USA with prescribed fire. Abstracts, 13th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology. 1996 October 27-31; Lorne, Australia. p. 21. Abstract

Sutherland, E. Kennedy; Yaussy, D. 1996. Fire weather and fire climate and in oak forests of Southern Ohio, USA. Abstracts, 13th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology. 1996 October 27-31; Lorne, Australia. p. 21. Abstract.

Sutherland, E.K.; Grissino-Mayer, H.; Woodhouse, C. 1995. The role of fire in community structure and development of a southwestern Virginia, USA Pinus pungens stand. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 76(2): 259. Abstract.

Sutherland, E.K.; Grissino-Mayer, H.; Woodhouse, C.A.; Covington, W.W.; Horn, S.; Huckaby, L.; Kerr, R.; Kush, J.; others. 1995. Two centuries of fire in a southwestern Virginia Pinus pungens community. Inventory and management techniques in the context of catastrophic events: Altered states of the forest (computer disk). 1993 June 21-24; University Park, PA. Penn State University, Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental Statistics. 1 computer disk.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Hale, Betsy J.; Hix, David M. 1996. Regeneration attributes of tree species in the central hardwoods type. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: p. 215. Abstract.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Hale, Betsy J.; Hix, David M. 2000. Defining species guilds in the Central Hardwood Forest, USA. Plant Ecology. 147: 1-19.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Iverson, Louis R.; Yaussy, Daniel A.; Scott, Charles T.; Hale, Betsy J.; Prasad, Anantha; Schwartz, Mark; Barrett, Hope R. 1997. Models of regeneration, tree growth, and current and potential ranges of tree and mammal species in the eastern U.S. USDA Forest Service Global Change Research Program Highlights: 1991-95. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-237. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 115-118.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Scott, Charles T.; Hutchinson, Todd F. 1997. Sapling topkill patterns after prescribed fire in an Ohio Quercus forest. Ecological Society of America 1997 Annual Meeting, Supplement to the Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America. 1997 August 10-14; Albuquerque, NM. 78(4): p. 193. Abstract.

Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Yaussy, Daniel A.; Boerner, Ralph E.J. 1996. Mortality patterns in oak forests along a climatic and acid deposition gradient. In: Hom, J.; Birdsey, R.; O'Brien, K., eds. Proceedings, 1995 Meeting of the Northern Global Change Program. 1995 March 14-16; Pittsburgh, PA. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-214. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: p. 168. Abstract.

Szlavecz, Katalin; Pouyat, Richard. 2002. Earthworm diversity and abundance in the urban landscape. The Ecological Society of America 87th Annual Meeting. 2002 August 4-9; Tucson, AZ. 438-439. Abstract.

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