USDA Forest ServiceSkip navigational links  
 Northern Global Change Research Program
Go to:
Go to: Introduction
Go to: Index of Databases
Go to: Lookup by Contact
Go to: Lookup by Theme
Go to: NGCRP Home Page
Go to: NE Station

Previous:
Go to:80. A Study of Forest Influences on Streamflow in the Ridge and Valley Province of Pennsylvania

Next:
Go to:82. IES - Gypsy Moth Plot Tree Records

 
 Norhtern Global Change Research Program Logo
 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.
 

Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #81

Source of the Brook Database
To continually monitor forest hydrology parameters at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest.
1955
expected to continue
The experimental forest consists of 3,200 hectares (9 watersheds) of the White Mountain National Forest located at N43deg 56min and W71deg 45min. Elevation ranges from 222 meters to 1,015 meters. Most of the experimental forest is covered by mature northern hardwood forest although some areas have been cut in various ways for research purposes.
Construction of streamgages on tributaries to Hubbard Brook began in 1955 and continued through 1968. The gaged watersheds are numbered in the order constructed. The gradual addition of gaged watersheds over a 13-year period complicates the analysis of data with respect to long-term averages.
In or near each gaged watershed, several openings about 2 tree-heights in diameter were cut in the forest and weather stations were placed.
100%
Since 1965 three watersheds have been subject to various kinds of cutting. Watershed 2 was clearfelled in 1965 by cutting all stems and leaving them in place. Additional vegetation was removed from this watershed using herbicide during 1966, 1967, and 1968. Watershed 4 was commercially cut in sequential parallel strips 25 meters wide in 1970, 1972, and 1974, resulting in complete cutting and log removal over the whole area except for a streamside buffer. Watershed 5 was whole-tree clear-cut in late 1983. All the cut watersheds have been allowed to regrow naturally since the treatments were completed.
Nearly all the data have been collected by mechanical transducers linked to pens on spring-wound strip-chart recorders. At least weekly, each recorder is monitored and any malfunction immediately repaired.
The gradual addition of gaged watersheds over a 13-year period complicates the analysis of data with respect to long-term averages. The following parameters were measured at varying times in at least 1 of the 9 watersheds:

Temperature (daily minimum, maximum and mean): since 1957.
Streamflow (daily and interval): since 1958. 
Precipitation (daily): since 1969. 
Weather data from data logger (temperature, precipitation, humidity and wind; all on a 1 hour basis for different time intervals): since 1965.
Snow and frost: since 1956.
Colman soil moisture and temperature: since 1959.
Solar radiation: since 1958.

Data are visually checked during computer entry. Gages and recorders are regularly maintained and calibrated. 
Data are available on the Internet. Files are compressed and available in ASCII.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes, Model Development and Application.
1994
Federer, C.A. 1965. Sustained winter streamflow from groundmelt. Res. Note NE-41. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 4 p.

Hart, G.E., Jr. 1966. Streamflow characteristics of small, forested watersheds in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Univ. of Michigan. Ph.D. Thesis. 141 p.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E. 1967. Nutrient cycling. Science 155(3761): 424-429.

Juang, F.H.T.; Johnson, N.M. 1967. Cycling of chlorine through a forested watershed in New England. J. Geophys. Res. 72(22): 5641-5647.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Johnson, N.M.; Pierce, R.S. 1967. The calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium budgets for a small forested ecosystem. Ecology 48(5): 772-785.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Fisher, D.W.; Pierce, R.S. 1968. Nutrient loss accelerated by clear-cutting of a forest ecosystem. Science 159(3817): 882-884.

Fisher, D.W.; Gambell, A.W.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1968. Atmospheric contributions to water quality of streams in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Water Resources Research 4(5): 1115-1126.

Johnson, N.M.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Pierce, R.S. 1968. Rate of chemical weathering of silicate minerals in New Hampshire. Geochim. Cosmoch. Acta 32: 531-545.

Drooker, P.B. 1968. Application of the stanford watershed model to a small New England watershed. Water Resource Center, Univ. New Hampshire. M.S. Thesis.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Eaton, J.S. 1969. Biotic regulation of particulate and solution losses from a forest ecosystem. BioScience 19(7): 600-610.

* Hornbeck, J.W.; Pierce, R.S. 1969. Changes in snowmelt runoff after forest clearing on a New England watershed. In: Proceedings. 26th Eastern snow conference, Portland, ME, February 6-7, 1969. 104-112.

Johnson, N.M.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Fisher, D.W.; Pierce, R.S. 1969. A working model for the variation in stream water chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Water Resour. Res. 5(6): 1353-1363.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Johnson, N.M. 1969. Nitrification: importance to nutrient losses from a cutover forested ecosystem. Science 163:1205-1206.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E. 1970. The nutrient cycles of an Ecosystem. Sci. Amer. 223(4): 92-101.

Bormann, F.H.; Siccama, T.G.; Likens, G.E.; Whittaker, R.H. 1970. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem study: composition and dynamics of the tree stratum. Ecol. Monogr. 40(4): 373-388.

Hornbeck, J.W.; Pierce, R.S.; Federer, C.A. 1970. Streamflow changes after forest clearing in New England. Water Resour. Res. 6(4): 1124-1132.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Johnson, N.M.; Fisher, D.W.; Pierce, R.S. 1970. Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook Watershed Ecosystem. Ecol. Monogr. 40(1): 23-47.

Pierce, R.S., Hornbeck, J.W.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1970. Effect of elimination of vegetation on stream water quantity and quality. In: Proceedings, Internat. symp. on results of research on representative and experimental basins. Wellington, New Zealand. Internat. Assoc. Sci. Hydrol. 311-328.

Siccama, T.G.; Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.. 1970. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem study: productivity, nutrients and phytosociology of the herbaceous layer. Ecol. Monogr. 40(4): 389-402.

Johnson, N.M. 1971. Mineral equilibria in ecosystem geochemistry. Ecology 52(3): 529-531. 

Likens, G.E. 1971. A checklist of organisms for the Hubbard Brook Ecosystems. Section of ecology and symantics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Unpublished Report, 37 p. -- [Revised 1972, 54 p.]. 

Dominski, A.S. 1971. Accelerated nitrate production and loss in the northern hardwood forest ecosystem underlain by podzol soils following clear cutting and addition to herbicides. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 157 p. 

Marks, P.L. 1971. The role of Prunus Pensylvanica L. in the rapid revegetation of disturbed sites. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 119 p.

Botkin, D.B.; Janak, J.F.; Wallis, J.R. 1972. Rationale, limitations, and assumptions of a northeastern forest growth simulator. IBM J. Research Development 16(2): 101-116.

Botkin, D.B.; Janak, J.F.; Wallis, J.R. 1972. Some ecological conseqences of a computer model of forest growth. J. Ecology 60: 849-872.

Fisher, S.G.; Likens, G.E. 1972. Stream ecosystem: organic energy budget. BioScience 22(1): 33-35.

Gosz, J.R.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1972. Nutrient content of litter fall on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 53(5): 769-784.

Johnson, N.M.; Reynolds, R.C.; Likens, G.E. 1972. Atmospheric sulfer: its effect on the chemical weathering of New England. Science 177(4048): 514-516.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Johnson, N.M. 1972. Acid rain. Environment 14(2): 33-40.

Marks, P.L.; Bormann, F.H. 1972. Revegetation following forest cutting: mechanisms for return to steady-state nutrient cyclying. Science 176: 914-915.

Federer, C.A. 1973. Annual cycles of soil and water temperatures at Hubbard Brook. Res. Note NE-167. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 7 p.

Federer, C.A. 1973. Forest transpiration greatly speeds streamflow recession. Water Resour. Res. 9(6): 1599-1604.

Fisher, S.G.; Likens, G.E. 1973. Energy flow in Bear Brook, New Hampshire: an integrative approach to stream ecosystem metabolism.  Ecol. Monogr. 43(2): 421-439.

Gosz, J.R.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1973. Nutrient release from decomposing leaf and branch litter in the Hubbard Brook Forest, New Hampshire. Ecol. Monogr. 43(2): 173-191.

Hobbie, J.E.; Likens, G.E. 1973. Output of phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon, and fine particulate carbon from Hubbard Brook Watersheds. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18(5): 734-742.

Holmes, R.T.; Sturges, F.W. 1973. Annual energy expenditure by the avifauna of a Northern Hardwoods Ecosystem. Oikos 24: 24-29.

Hornbeck, J.W. 1973. Storm flow from hardwood-forested and cleared watersheds in New Hampshire. Water Resour. Res. 9(2): 346-354.

Hornbeck, J.W. 1973. The problem of extreme events in paired-watershed studies. Res. Note NE-175. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 4 p.

Forcier, L.K. 1973. Seedling pattern and population dynamics and the reproductive strategies of sugar maple, beech and yellow birch at Hubbard Brook. Yale University. PhD. Thesis.

Gerhart, D.Z. 1973. Nutrient limitation and production of phytoplankton in Mirror Lake, West Thornton, New Hampshire. Cornell University. Ph.D. Thesis. 160 p.

Hornbeck, J.W. 1973. Changes in yield and quality of streamflow after strip cutting northern hardwoods. S.U.N.Y. College, Syracuse. Ph.D. Thesis. 98 p.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Siccama, T.G.; Pierce, R.S.; Eaton, J.S. 1974. The export of nutrients and recovery of stable conditions following deforestation at Hubbard Brook. Ecol. Monogr. 44(3): 255-277.

Cogbill, C.V.; Likens, G.E. 1974. Acid precipitation in the Northeastern United States. Water Resour. Res. 10(6): 1133-1137. 

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1974. Acid Rain: a serious regional environmental problem. Science 184(4142): 1176-1179. 

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1974. Linkages between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. BioScience 24(8): 447-456.

Marks, P.L. 1974. The role of pin cherry (Prunus Pennsylvanica L.) in the maintenance of stability in northern hardwood ecosystems. Ecol. Monogr. 44(1): 73-88.

Sturges, F.W.; Holmes, R.T.; Likens, G.E. 1974. The role of birds in nutrient cycling in a northern hardwoods ecosystem. Ecology 55(1): 149-155.

Whittaker, R.H.; Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Siccama, T.G. 1974. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem study: forest biomass and production. Ecol. Monogr. 44(2): 233-254.

Makarewicz, J.C. 1974. The community of zooplankton and its production in Mirror Lake. Cornell University. Ph.D. Thesis. 206 p.

Gerhart, D.Z. 1975. Nutrient limitation in a small oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2): 1013-1022.

Holmes, R.T.; Sturges, F.W. 1975. Bird community dynamics and energetics in a northern hardwoods ecosystem. J. Anim. Ecol. 44: 175-200.

Hornbeck, J.W. 1975. Streamflow response to forest cutting and revegetation. Water Resources Bull. 11(6): 1257-1260.

Jordan, M.J.; Likens, G.E. 1975. An organic carbon budget for an oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire, USA. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2): 994-1003.

* Likens, G.E. 1975. Nutrient flux and cycling in freshwater ecosystems. In: Howell, F.G.; Gentry, J.B.; Smith, M.H., eds. Mineral cycling in southeastern ecosystems. ERDA Symp. Series CONF-740513. May 1974. Augusta, GA. 314-348.

Black, C.P. 1975. Population ecology and bioenergetics of the black-throated blue warbler in the Hubbard Brook Ecosystems. Dartmouth College. Ph.D. Thesis. 151 p.

Cogbill, C.V. 1975. Acid precipitation and forest growth in the northeastern United States. Cornell University. M.S. Thesis.

Sherry, T.W. 1975. Foraging behavior and niche overlap of least flycatchers and american redstarts in the Hubbard Brook Ecosystems. Dartmouth College. M.A. Thesis. 182 p.

Galloway, J.N.; Likens, G.E.; Edgerton, E.S. 1976. Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States: pH and acidity. Science 194: 722-724.

Gosz, J.R.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1976. Organic matter nutrient dynamics of the forest floor in the Hubbard Brook Forest. Oecologia (Berl.) 22: 305-320. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Likens, G.E.; Johnson, , N.M.; Galloway, J.N.; Bormann, F.H. 1976. Acid precipitation: strong and weak acids. Science 194: 643-645.

Ohba, t. 1976. Hydrologic interpretation of stream water chemistry in watershed 6, Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. University of New Hampshire, Durham. M.S. Thesis. 91 p.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Melillo, J.M. 1977. Nitrogen budget for an aggrading northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Science 196(4293): 981-983.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Pierce, R.S.; Eaton, J.S.; Johnson, N.M. 1977. Biogeochemistry of a forested ecosystem. Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 146 p.

Eaton, J.S.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1978. The input of gaseous and particulate sulfer to a forest ecosystem. Tellus 30: 546-551.

Federer, C.A.; Lash, D. 1978. BROOK: A hydrologic simulation model for eastern forests. Water Resour. Res. Center, Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Research Report No. 19. 84 p.

Gosz, J.R.; Holmes, R.T.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1978. The flow of energy in a forest ecosystem. Sci. Amer. 238(3): 92-102.

Likens, G.E.; Loucks, O.L. 1978. Analysis of five North American lake ecosystems. III. Sources, loading and fate of nitrogen and phosphorus. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 20: 568-573.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Pierce, R.S.; Reiners, W.A. 1978. Recovery of a deforested ecosystem. Science 199(4328): 492-496. 

Mahall, B.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1978. A quantitative description of the vegetative phenology of herbs in a northern hardwood forest. Bot. Gaz. 139: 467-481.

Moeller, R.E.; Likens, G.E. 1978. Seston sedimentation in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, and its relationship to long-term sediment accumulation. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 20: 525-530.

Siccama, T.G.; Smith, W.H. 1978. Lead accumulation i a northern hardwood forest. Environ. Sci. Technol. 12: 593-594.

Meyer, J.L. 1978. Transport and transformation of phosphorus in a stream ecosystem. Cornell Univ. Ph.D. Thesis. 226 p.

Moeller, R.E. 1978. The hydrophytes of Mirror Lake: a study of vegetational structure and seasonal biomass dynamics. Cornell University. Ph.D. Thesis. 212 p.

Aber, J.D.; Botkin, D.B.; Melillo, J.M. 1979. Predicting the effects of different harvesting regimes on total fiber production in northern hardwoods. Can. J. Forest Res. 9: 10-14.

Bilby, R.E.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Effect of hydrologic fluctuations on the transport of fine particulate organic carbon in a small stream. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(1): 69-75.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Catastrophic disturbance and the steady state in northern hardwood forests. Am. Sci. 67(6): 660-669.

Cole, J.J.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Measurements of mineralization of phytoplankton detritus in an oligotrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(3): 541-547.

Galloway, J.N.; Cosby, Jr., B.J.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Acid precipitation: measurement of pH and acidity. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(6) 1161-1165.

Holmes, R.T.; Black, C.P.; Sherry, T.W. 1979. Comparative population bioenergetics of three iInsectivorous passerines in a deciduous forest. The Condor 81: 9-20.

Holmes, R.T.; Bonney, Jr., R.E.; Pacala, S.W. 1979. Guild structure of the Hubbard Brook bird community: a multivariate approach. Ecology 60(3): 512-520.

Johnson, N.M. 1979. Acid rain: neutralization within the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem and regional implications. Science 204(4392): 497-499.

Likens, G.E.; Wright, R.F.; Galloway, J.N.; Butler, T.J. 1979. Acid rain. Sci. Amer. 241(4): 43-51.

Makarewicz, J.C.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Structure and function of the zooplankton community of Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Ecol.Monogr. 49(1): 109-127.

Meyer, J.L.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Transport and transformation of phosphorus in a forest stream ecosystem. Ecology 60(6): 1255:1269.

Sherry, T.W. 1979. Competitive interactions and adaptive strategies of american redstarts and least flycatchers in a northern hardwood forest. The Auk 96: 265-283.

Whittaker, R.H.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Eaton, J.S.; Siccama, T.G. 1979. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem study: forest nutrient Ccycling and element behavior. Ecology 60(1): 203-220.

Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E. 1979. Pattern and process in a forested ecosystem. Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 253 p.

Finn, J.T. 1980. Flow analysis of models of the Hubbard Brook ecosystem. Ecology 61(3): 562-571.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H; Eaton, J.S. 1980. Variations in precipitation and streamwater chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental forest during 1964 to 1977. In: Hutchinson, T.C.; Havas, M., eds. Effects of acid precipitation on terrestrial ecosystems. NATO Conf. Series 1: Ecology 4 Plenum Publishing Corp. 443-464.

Wood, T.E. 1980. Biological and chemical control of phosphorus cycling in a northern hardwood forest. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 205 p.

Galloway, J.N.; Likens, G.E. 1981. Acid precipitation: the importance of nitric acid. atmos. Environ. 15(6): 1081-1085.

Johnson, N.M.; Driscoll, C.T.; Eaton, J.S.; Likens, G.E.; McDowell, W.H. 1981. ""Acid rain,"" dissolved aluminum and chemical weathering at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45(9): 1421-1437.

Likens, G.E.; Butler, T.J. 1981. Recent acidification of precipitation in North America. Atmos. Environ. 15(7): 1103-1109.

Smith, W.H.; Siccama, T.G. 1981. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem study: biogeochemistry of lead in the northern hardwood forest. J. Environ. Qual. 10(3): 323-333.

Driscoll, C.T.; Likens, G.E. 1982. Hydrogen ion budget of an aggrading forested ecosystem. Tellus 35: 283-292.

Federer, C.A. 1982. Subjectivity in the separation of organic horizons in the forest floor. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 46(5): 1090-1093.

Johnson, A.H.; Siccama, T.G. 1983. Acid deposition and forest decline. Environ. Sci. Technol. 17(7): 294A-305A.

van Breemen, N.; Mulder, J.; Driscoll, C.T. 1983. Acidification and alkalinization of soils. Plants and Soil 75: 283-308.

Johnson, N.M.; Likens, G.E.; Feller, M.C.; Driscoll, C.T. 1984. Acid rain and soil chemistry. Science 225: 1424-1425.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Pierce, R.S.; Eaton, J.S.; Munn, R.E. 1984. Long-term trends in precipitation chemistry at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 18(12): 2641-2647.

Munn, R.E.; Likens, G.E.; Weisman, B.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Martin, C.W.; Bormann, F.H. 1984. A meteorological analysis of the precipitation chemistry event samples at Hubbord Brook, New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 18(12): 2775-2779.

Oehlert, G.W. 1984. A statistical analysis of the trends in the Hubbard Brook bulk precipitation chemistry data base. Department of Statistics, Princeton University, Technical Report No. 260, Ser. 2. 11p. and figures.

Robinson, S.K.; Holmes, R.T. 1984. Effects of plant species and foliage structure on the foraging behavior of forest birds. The Auk 101: 672-684.

Sturrock, A.M.; Buso, D.C.; Bieber, G.M.; Engelbrecht, L.G.; Winter, T.C. 1984. Climatic data for Mirror Lake, West Thornton, New Hampshire, 1981-1982. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-816. 56 p.

van Breemen, N.; Driscoll, C.T.; Mulder, J. 1984. Acidic deposition and internal proton sources in acidification of soils and waters. Nature 307: 599-604.

Wood, T.; Bormann, F.H.; Voigt, G.K. 1984. Phosphorus cycling in a northern hardwood forest: biological and chemical control. Science 223: 391-393.

Hooper, R.P.; Shoemaker, C. 1985. Aluminum mobilization in an acidic headwater stream: temporal variation and mineral dissolution disequilibria. Science 229: 463-465.

Johnson, N.M.; Likens, G.E.; Eaton, J.S. 1985. Stability, circulation and energy flux in Mirror Lake. In: Likens, G.E., ed. An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology: Mirror Lake and its environment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.: 108-127.

Jordon, M.J.; Likens, G.E.; and B.J. Peterson. 1985. Organic carbon budget. In: Likens, G.E., ed. An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology: Mirror Lake and its environment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.: 292-301.

Likens, G.E.; Eaton, J.S.; Johnson, N.M. 1985. Physical and chemical environment. In: Likens, G.E., ed. An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology: Mirror Lake and its environment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.: 89-127.

Likens, G.E., J.S. Eaton, N.M Johnson and R.S. Pierce. 1985. Flux and Balance of Water and Chemicals. In: Likens, G.E., ed. An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology: Mirror Lake and its environment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.: 135-155.

Likens, G.E. ed. An ecosystem approach to aquatic ecology: Mirror Lake and its environment. New York: Springer-Verlag Inc.: 516 p.

Fay, J.A.; Golomb. D.; Kumar, S. 1986. Modeling of the 1900-1980 trend of precipitation acidity at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 20(9): 1825-1828.

Holmes, R.T.; Reecher, H.F. 1986. Determinants of guild structure in forest bird communities: an intercontinental comparison. The Condor 88: 427-439.

Holmes, R.T.; Sherry, T.W.; Sturges, F.W. 1986. Bird community dynamics in a temperate deciduous forest: long-term trends at Hubbard Brook. Ecol. Mongr. 56(3): 201-220.

Strayer, D. 1986. An essay on long-term ecological studies. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 67(4): 271-274.

Hooper, R.S. 1986. The chemical response of an acid-sensitive headwater stream to snowmelt and storm events: a field study and simulation model. Cornell University. Ph.D. Thesis. 279 p.

Fuller, R.D.; Driscoll, C.T.; Lawerence, G.B.; Nodvin, S.C. 1987. Processes regulating sulphate flux after whole-tree harvesting. Nature 325(6106): 707-710.

Hedin, L.O.; Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H. 1987. Decrease in precipitation acidity resulting from decreased SO4 2- concentrations. Nature 325: 244-246.

Hornbeck, J.W.; Martin, C.W.; Pierce, R.S.; Bormann, F.H.; Likens, G.E.; Eaton, J.S. 1987. The Northern hardwood forest ecosystem: ten years of recovery from clearcutting. NE-RP-596. Broomall, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 30 p.

Lawrence, G.B.; Fuller, R.D.; Driscoll, C.T. 1987. Release of aluminum following whole-tree harvesting at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. J. Environ. Qual. 16(4): 383-390.

Lawrence, G.B. 1987. Aluminum chemistry of headwater streams at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, before and after whole-tree harvesting. Syracuse University. Ph.D. Thesis. 146 p.

Caraco, N.; Cole, J.J.; Likens, G.E.; Mattson, M.D.; Nolan, S. 1988. A very imbalanced nutrient balance budget for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23(1): 170-175.

Driscoll, C.T.; Johnson, N.M.; Likens, G.E.; Feller, M.C. 1988. Effects of acidic deposition on the chemistry of headwater streams: a comparison between Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire and Jamieson Creek, British Columbia. Water Resour. Res. 24(2): 195-200.

Fuller, R.D.; Simone, D.M.; Driscoll, C.T. 1988. Forest cearcutting effects on tree metal concentrations: spatial patterns in soil solutions and streams. water, air and soil polution 40(1/2): 185-195.

Holmes, R.T.; Schultz, J.C. 1988. Food availability for forest birds: effects of prey distribution and abundance of bird foraging. Can J. Zool. 66: 720-728.

Holmes, R.T.; Sherry, T.W. 1988. Assessing population trends of New Hampshire forest birds: local versus regional patterns. The Auk 105: 756-768.

Johnson, D.W.; Kelley, J.M.; Swank, W.T.; Cole, D.W.; Van Miegroet, H.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Pierce, R.S.; Van Lear, D. 1988. The effects of leaching and whole-tree Harvesting on cation budgets on several forests. J. Environ. Qual. 17(3): 418-424.

Mann, L.K.; Johnson, D.W.; West, D.C.; Cole, D.W.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Martin, C.W.; Riekerk, H.; Smith, C.T.; Swank, W.T.; Tritton, L.M.; Van Lear, D.H. 1988. Effects of whole-tree and stem-only clearcutting on postharvest hydrologic losses, nutrient capital and regrowth. Forest Science 34(2): 412-428.

McDowell, W.H.; Likens, G.E. 1988. Origin, composition and flux of dissolved organic carbon in the Hubbard Brook Valley. Ecol. Monogr. 58(3): 177-195.

Nodvin, S.C.; Driscoll, C.T.; Likens, G.E. 1988. Soil processes and sulfate loss at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Biogeochemistry. 5: 185-199.

Sturrock, A.M.; Buso, D.C.; Scarbrough, J.L.; Winter, T.C. 1988. Climatic data for Mirror Lake, West Thornton, New Hampshire. U.S. Geol. Survey, Open-File Report 88-494. 68 p.

Thorne, J.F.; Anderson, J.E.; Horiuchi, K.M. 1988. Cation cycling in a base-poor and base-rich northern hardwood forested ecosystem. J. Environ. Qual. 17(1): 95-101.

Kim, E. 1988. Radial growth patterns of tree species in relation to environmental factors. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 292 p.

Driscoll, C.T.; Likens, G.E.; Hedin, L.O.; Eaton, J.S.; Bormann, F.H. 1989. Changes in the chemistry of surface waters: 25-year results at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, N.H. Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(2): 137-143.

Federer, C.A.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Tritton, L.M.; Martin, C.W.; Pierce, R.S. Smith, C.T. 1989. Long-term depletion of calcium and other nutrients in eastern U.S. Forests. Environ. Management 13(5): 593-601.

Likens, G.E. 1989. Some aspects of air pollution effects on terrestrial ecosystems and prospects for the future. Ambio 18(3): 172-178.

Martin, C.W.; Hornbeck, J.W. 1989. Revegetation after strip cutting and block clearcutting in Northern Hardwoods:a 10-year history. Res. Paper NE-625. Broomall, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 17 p.

Mitchell, M.J.; Driscoll, C.T.; Fuller, R.D.; David, M.B.; Likens, G.E. 1989. Effect of whole-tree harvesting on the sulfer dynamics of a forest Soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 53(3): 933-940.

Pletscher, D.H.; Bormann, F.H.; Miller, R.S. 1989. Importance of deer compared to other vertebrates in nutrient cycling and energy flow in a northern hardwood ecosystem. Amer. Midl. Natur. 121: 302-311.

Sturrock, A.M.; Buso, D.C.; Oberley, M.J.; Winter, T.C. 1989. Climatic data for Mirror Lake, West Thornton, New Hampshire, 1987. U.S. Geol. Surv. Open File Report 88-717. 69 p.

Winter, T.C.; Eaton, J.S.; Likens, G.E. 1989. Evaluation of inflow to Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Water Resour. Bull.. 25(5): 991-1008.

Hedin, L.O. 1989. Biogeochemical studies of the Hubbard Brook ecosystem: carbon cycling in streams and acidic inputs in precipitation. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 180 p.

Johnson, C.E. 1989. The chemical and physical properties of a northern hardwood forest soil: harvesting effects, soil-tree relations, and sample size determination. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Ph.D. Thesis. 221 p.

Cole, J.J.; Caraco, N.F.; Likens, G.E. 1990. Short-range atmospheric transport: a significant source of phosphorus to an oligotrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35(6): 1230-1237.

Federer, C.A. 1990. Change, persistence, and error in thirty years of hydrometeorological data at Hubbard Brook. In: Greenland, D.; Swift, Jr., L.W., eds. Climate variability and ecosystem response. Gen. Tech. Rept. SE-65. Radnor, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 3-12.

Federer, C.A.; Flynn, L.D.; Martin, C.W.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Pierce, R.S. 1990. Thirty years of hydrometeorologic data at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Gen. Tech. Rept. NE-141. Radnor, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 44 p.

Hedin, L.O.; Granat, L.; Likens, G.E.; Rodhe, H. 1990. Strong similarities in seasonal concentration ratios of SO4 2-, NO3-, and NH4+ in precipitation between sweden and the Northeastern U.S. Tellus 42B: 454-462.

Huntington, T.G.; Ryan, D.F. 1990. The influence of whole tree harvesting on soil pools of nitrogen and carbon. Forest Ecology and Management 31: 193-204.

Lawrence, G.B.; Driscoll, C.T. 1990. Longitudinal patterns of concentration-discharge relationships in streamwater draining the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. J. Hydrology 116: 147-165.

Likens, G.E.; Hedin, L.O.; Butler, T.J. 1990. Some long-term precipitation chemistry patterns at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: extremes and averages. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24(1): 128-135.

Likens, G.E.; Bormann, F.H.; Hedin, L.O.; Driscoll, C.T.; Eaton, J.S. 1990. Dry deposition of sulfer: a 23-yr record for the Hubbard Brook Forest Ecosystem. Tellus 42B: 319-329.

Reitsma, L. 1990. Importance of nest predation to avian population regulation and community structure in a northern hardwoods forest. Dartmouth College. Ph.D. Thesis. 104 p.

Yanai, R.D. 1990. The effect of disturbance by whole-tree harvest on phosphorus cycling in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Yale University. Ph.D. Thesis. 194 p.

Bowden, R.D. 1991. Inputs, outputs and accumulation of nitrogen in an early successional moss (Polytrichum) ecosystem. Ecol. Monogr. 61(2): 207-223.

Butler, T.J.; Likens, G.E. 1991. The impacts of changing regional emmissions on precipitation chemistry in the eastern United States. Atmos. Environ. 25A(2): 305-315.

Duggin, J.A.; Voigt, G.K.; Bormann, F.H. 1991. Autotrophic and heterotrophic nitrification in response to clear-cutting northern hardwood forest. Soil Biol. Biochem. 23(8): 779-787.

Hedin, L.O.; Campos, H. 1991. Importance of small streams in watershed ecosystem processes. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 64(3): 583-596.

Holway, D.A. 1991. Nest site selection and the importance of nest concealment in the Black-Throated Blue Warbler. The Condor 93: 575-581.

Hughes, J.W.; Fahey, T.J. 1991. Availability, quality and selection of browse by White-Tailed Deer after clearcutting. Forest Science 37(1): 261-270.

Hughes, J.W.; Fahey, T.J. 1991. Colonization dynamics of herbs and shrubs in a disturbed northern hardwood Forest. J. Ecology 79(3): 605-616.

Johnson, C.E.; Johnson, A.H.; Hutchinson, T.G. 1991. Whole-tree clear-cutting effects on exchangeable cations and soil acidity. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55: 502-508.

Johnson, C.E.; Johnson, A.H.; Hutchinson, T.G.; Siccama, T.G. 1991. Whole-tree clear-cutting effects on soil horizons and organic-matter pools. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55: 497-502.

Procter-Gray, E. 1991. Female-like plumage of subadult male American Redstarts does not reduce aggression from other males. The Auk 108: 872-879.

Secunda, R.; Sherry, T.W. 1991. Polyterritorial polygyny in American Redstarts (Setophaga ruticilla). Wilson Bulletin 103: 190-203.

Sidle, R.C.; Hornbeck, J.W. 1991. Cumulative effects: a broader approach to water quality research. J. Soil and Water Conserva. 46: 268-271.

Yanai, R.D. 1991. Soil solution phosphorus dynamics in a whole-tree-harvested northern hardwood forest. Soil Sci. Am. J. 55(6): 1746-1752.

Mou Pu. 1991. Biomass and nutrient Accumulation following large-scale disturbance of a northern hardwood ecosystem. Cornell Univ. Ph.D. Thesis. 286 p.

Ochs, C.A. 1991. Population ecology of the bacterioplankton of Mirror Lake New Hampshire. Cornell Univ. Ph.D. Thesis. 205 p.

Bailey, S.W.; Hornbeck, J.W. 1992. Lithologic composition and rock weathering potential of forested, glacial-till soils. Res. Paper NE-622. Radnor, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 7 p.

Caraco, N.F.; Cole, J.J.; Likens, G.E. 1992. New and recycled primary production in an oligotrophic lake: iInsights for summer phosphorus dynamics. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37(3): 590-602.

Fahey, T.J. 1992. Mycorrhizae and forest ecosystems. Mycorrhiza 1: 83-89.

Holmes, R.T.; Sherry, T.W.; Marra, P.P.; Petit, K.E. 1992. Multiple-brooding and productivity of a newtropical migrant, the Black-Throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens), in an unfragmented temperate forest. The Auk 109(2): 321-333.

Hornbeck, J.W. 1992. Comparative impacts of forest harvest and acid precipitation on soil and streamwater acidity. Environ. Pollution. 77(2/3): 151-155.

Hornbeck, J.W.; Leak, W.B. 1992. Ecology and management of northern hardwood forests in New England. Gen. Tech. Rept. NE-159. Radnor, PA.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 44 p.

Hornbeck, J.W. and W.T. Swank. 1992. Waterhsed ecosystem analysis as a basis for multiple use management of eastern forests. Ecological Applications 2(3): 238-247.

Gove, J.H.; Martin, C.W.; Patil, G.P.; Solomon, D.S.; Hornbeck, J.W. 1992. Species diversity on even-aged harvests at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest:10-year results. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 1800-1806.

Merrens, E.J.; Peart, D.R. 1992. Effects of hurricane damage on individual growth and stand structure in a hardwood forest in New Hampshire, USA. J. Ecology 80(4): 787-795.

Reiners, W.A. 1992. Twenty years of ecosystem reorganization following experimental deforestation and regrowth suppression. Ecol. Monogr. 62(4): 503-523.

Rodenhouse, N.L.; Holmes, R.T. 1992. Results of experimental and natural food reductions for breeding Black-Throated Blue Warblers. Ecology 73(1): 357-372.

Ryan, D.F.; Huntington, T.G.; Martin, C.W. 1992. Redistribution of soil nitrogen, carbon and organic matter by mechanical disturbance during whole-tree harvesting in northern hardwoods. Forest Ecology and Management 49: 87-99.

Yanai, R.D. 1992. Phosphorus budget of a 70-yr-old northern hardwood Forest. Biogeoochemistry 17: 1-22.

Packard, A.T. 1992. Polyphemus pediculus in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham. Ph.D. Thesis.

Bormann, B.T.; Bormann, F.H.; Bowden, W.B.; Pierce, R.S.; Hamburg, S.P.; Wang, D.; Snyder, M.C.; Li, C.Y.; Ingersoll, R.C. 1993. Rapic N2 fixation in pines, alder and locust: evidence from the Sandbox Ecosystem Study. Ecology 47(2): 583-598.

Bukaveckas, P.A.; Likens, G.E.; Buso, D.C.; Winter, T.C. 1993. hydrologic controls of chemical flux rates in the Mirror Lake Watershed. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(1): 419-422.

Mattson, M.D.; Likens, G.E. 1993. Redox reactions of organic matter decomposition in a soft water lake. Biogeochemistry 19: 149-172.

Pierce, R.S.; Hornbeck, J.W.; Martin, C.W.; Tritton, L.M.; Smith, C.T.; Federer, C.A.; Yawney, H.W. 1993. Whole-tree clearcutting in New England: manager's guide to impacts on soils, streams and regeneration. Gen. Tech. Rept. NE-172. Radnor, PA. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 23 p.

Steele, B.B. 1993. Selection of foraging and nesting sotes by Black-Throat Blue Warblers: their relative iInfluence on habitat choice. The Condor 95: 568-579.

Ulrich, K.E.; Burton, T.M.; Oemke, M. 1993. The effects of whole-tree harvest on benthic algae in headwater streams in New Hampshire. J. Freshwater Ecol. 8(2): 83-92.

Christ, M. 1993. Investigating the role of base cation and ammonium deposition in soil and soil-water acidification at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Rutgers Univ. Ph.D. Thesis. 222 p.

John Campbell, USDA Forest Service, P.O. Box 640, Durham, NH 03824-7604. (603) 868-7643
numerous

 

  

Disclaimers | Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) | Privacy Notice