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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #75

Long -Term Monitoring of Precipitation Chemistry
Substudy 1: To identify factors affecting precipitation pH.

Substudy 2: A) To determine the effects of a dense road network on stream chemistry from a 150-acre watershed. B) To determine the effects of a dense road network plus an intensive harvest operation on stream chemistry. C) To determine changes in watershed hydrology including annual water yield, peakflow rates, and stormflow volumes.

Substudy 3: To determine changes in soil chemistry, soil leachate chemistry, and streamflow chemistry resulting from increased application of nitrogen and sulfer.

Substudy 4: To investigate changes in selected chemical properties of water as it passes through the land phase of the hydrologic cycle and to determine the dynamic changes in stream water quality during storm events.

1978
expected to continue
Fernow Experimental Forest, WV.; Monongahela National Forest, WV.: Clover Run and South Haddix.; USDA Forest Service Timber and Watershed Research Lab, Parsons, WV.
Paired watershed approach with 6 weather recording stations at separate locations. NOTE: substudies may include more or fewer weather recording stations.
100%
Substudies include varying degrees of treatment to the forests located on the monitored watersheds.
Collectors at the weather stations collect precipitation for 1-week at a time.
site, date, Lab, pH, conductivity (uS/cm), acidity (mg/L CaCO3), chloride (mg/L), nitrate-N (mg/L), sulfate (mg/L), phosphate (mg/L), calcium (mg/L), magnesium (mg/L), potassium (mg/L), sodium (mg/L), ammonia-N (mg/L), precipitation (inches per sampling period). The above data was collected weekly on the following sites: 

Fernow Fork Mtn. Station 
wet only collector: 1983 to present 
bulk collector: 1983 to present

Fernow Camp Hollow Station 
bulk collector: 1983 to present

Clover Run Station 
wet only collector: 1983 to present 
bulk collector: 1983 to present

South Haddix Station 
wet only collector: 1982 to 1993 
bulk collector: 1983 to 1993

Timber & Watershed Lab
bulk collector: 1983 to present

NADP Station (at Lab)
auto collector: 1978 to present

NADP procedures were followed by field collectors. US EPA procedures followed during laboratory analyses.
Current raw and summarized data are stored on 9-track tape. The DG which can output to ASCII is used as backup.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes
Model Development and Application
1994
Adams, Mary Beth; Kochenderfer, James N.; Edwards, Pamela J.; Angradi, Theodore. 1993. Research on acidic deposition and other air pollutants at the Fernow Experimental Forest. In: Keller, E.C., Jr., ed. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science. Vol. 65(1); 1993 April 3; Davis and Elkins College, Elkins, WV. Huntington, WV: Marshall University Printing Services: 1. Abstract.

Edwards, Pamela J.; Wood, Frederica. 1993. Field and laboratory quality assurance/quality control protocols and accomplishments for the Fernow Experimental Forest watershed acidification study. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-177. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 15 p.

Gilliam, Frank S.; Adams, Mary Beth. 1993. Precipitation chemistry for West Virginia Appalachian forest sites: temporal and spatial variation. In: Keller, EC, Jr., ed. Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science. Vol. 65(1); 1993 April 3; Davis and Elkins College, Elkins, WV. Huntington, WV: Marshall University Printing Services: 4. Abstract

Adams, Mary Beth; Kochenderfer, James N.; Wood, Frederica; Angradi, Ted R.; Edwards, Pamela. 1994. Forty years of hydrometeorological data from the Fernow Experimental Forest, West Virginia. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-184. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 24 p.

Adams, M.B.; Kochenderfer, J.N.; Angradi, T.R.; Edwards, P.J. 1995. Nutrient budgets of two watersheds on the Fernow Experimental Forest. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L.C., eds. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 119-130.

DeWalle, D.R.; Edwards, P.J.; Swistock, B.R.; Drimmie, R.J.; Aravena, R. 1995. Seasonal isotope hydrology of Appalachian forest catchments. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L.C., eds. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwoods Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 296. Abstract.

Edwards, Pamela J.; Owens, Melvin O. 1995. Simple, inexpensive rainfall activation of automatic stream samplers. Stream Technology Transfer Tips. No. 2, February, 1995. 4 p.

Gilliam, Frank S.; Adams, Mary Beth. 1996. Wetfall deposition and precipitation chemistry for a central Appalachian forest. Journal of Air and Waste Management Association. 46: 978-984. 

Aubertin, G.M.; Thorner, B.C.; Campbell, J. 1976. A precipitation collector and automated pH Monitoring system. Res. Note NE-220. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Draby, PA. 8 p.

Currier, J.B.; Aubertin, GM 1976. Monitoring precipitation chemistry on the Monongahela National Forest. In: Proceedings, 1st International symposium on acid precipitation and the forest ecosystem. Gen. Tech. Rpt. NE-23. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. Abstract. 335.

DeWalle, DR; Ribblett, G.C.; Helvey, J.D.; Kochenderfer, J.N. 1985. Laboratory investigation of leachate chemistry from six Appalachian forest floor types subjected to simulated Acid rain. Journal of Environmental Quality. 14(2): 234-240.

DeWalle, DR; Sharp, W.E.; Edwards, P.J. 1989. Canopy interactions with atmospheric deposition at three hardwood forest sites. In: Proceedings, 7th central hardwood conference; 1989 March 5-8; Carbondale, IL. Gen. Tech. Rpt. 132. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 274-277.

Edwards, P.J.; Halverson, H.G.; DeWalle, DR 1983. Changes in precipitation chemistry yielded to urban runoff by tree crowns. In: Proceedings, 1983 International symposium on urban hydrology, hydraulics and sediment control; 1983 July 25-28; Lexington KY; Lexington KY: University of Kentucky. 109-113.

Edwards, P.J.; Helvey, JD 1985. Variability of rainfall chemistry within a 40 ha field in north central West Virginia. In: Hutchinson, B.A.; Hicks, B.B., eds. The Forest-Atmosphere Interaction. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Co. 309-318.

Edwards, P.J.; Mohai, P.; Halverson, H.G.; DeWalle, DR 1989. Considerations for throughfall chemistry sample-size determination. Forest Science 35(1): 173-182.

Helvey, JD; Edwards, P.J. 1987. Time trends of precipitation and streamflow chemistry at the Fernow Experimental Forest. In: Task group VI Peer Review Summaries, NAPAP aquatic effects; 1987 May 17-23; New Orleans, LA. New Orleans, LA: NAPAP task group project FS6C-01.8. Volume II. 413-420.

Helvey, JD; S.H. Kunkle, S.H. 1986. Input-output budgets of selected nutrients on an experimental watershed near Parsons, West Virginia. Res. Paper NE-584. Broomall, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 7 p.

Mary Beth Adams, USDA Forest Service, P.O. Box 404, Parsons, WV. 26287. (304) 478-2000.
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