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Go to:73. Long -Term Monitoring of Stream Chemistry

Go to:75. Long -Term Monitoring of Precipitation Chemistry

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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #74

Long -Term Monitoring of Meteorological Data
To continuously monitor data as recorded by automated weather stations placed in forests of West Virginia.
expected to continue
Fernow Experimental Forest, WV.; Monongahela National Forest, WV.: Clover Run and South Haddix.; USDA Forest Service Timber and Watershed Research Lab, Parsons, WV.
Paired watershed approach with 4 weather recording stations at separate locations. NOTE: substudies may include more or fewer weather recording stations.
Substudies include varying degrees of treatment to the forests located on the monitored watersheds.
Recorders at weather stations continuously monitor the parameters. Charts on the recorders are changed weekly. Hygrothermographs and recording rain gages are special equipment used.
Data were collected weekly on the following sites: 

Fernow Camp Hollow Station 
Daily precipitation (inches): 1951 to present
Continuous air temperature (deg F): 1951 to present 
Continuous relative humidity (%): 1951 to present

Clover Run Station 
Daily precipitation (inches): 1951 to present 
Continuous air temperature (deg F): 1959 to 1971 
Continuous relative humidity (%): 1959 to 1971

South Haddix Station
Daily precipitation (inches): 1984 to 1993 
Continuous air temperature (deg F): 1983 to 1993 
Continuous relative humidity (%): 1983 to 1993

Timber and Watershed Laboratory 
National Weather Service Station 
Daily precipitation (inches) 
Continuous air temperature (deg F) 
Continuous relative humidity (%)

USDA and USGS protocols are followed.
Current raw and summarized data are stored on 9-track tape. The DG which can output to ASCII is used as backup.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes
Model Development and Application
Adams, Mary Beth; Kochenderfer, James N.; Wood, Frederica; Angradi, Ted R.; Edwards, Pamela. 1994. Forty years of hydrometeorological data from the Fernow Experimental Forest, West Virginia. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-184. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 24 p.

Fu, Hailiang; Tajchman, Stanislaw J.; Kochenderfer, James N. 1995. Topography and radiation exchange of a mountainous watershed. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 34(4): 890-901.

Tajchman, Stanislaw J.; Fu, Hailiang; Kochenderfer, James N.; Chunshen, Pan. 1995. Spatial characteristics of topography, energy exchange, and forest cover in a central Appalachian watershed. In: Gottschalk, Kurt W.; Fosbroke, Sandra L.C., eds. Proceedings, 10th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 1995 March 5-8; Morgantown, WV. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-197. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 297-314.

Fowler, W.B.; Helvey, J.D.; Felix, E.N. 1987. Hydrologic and climatic changes in three small watersheds after timber harvest. Res. Paper PNW-379. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 13 p. 

Helvey, JD; Patric, J.H. 1983. Sampling accuracy of pit vs. standard rain gages on the Fernow Experimental Forest. Water Resources Bulletin. 19(1): 87-89. 

Leonard, R.; Reinhart, K.G. 1963. Some observations on precipitation measurements of forested experimental watersheds. Res. Note NE-6. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. 4 p.

Nik, A.R.H.; Lee, R.; Helvey, JD 1983. Climatological watershed calibration. Water Resources Bulletin. 19(1): 47-50.

Patric, J.H. 1979. What happens to rain before and after a forest is cut? West Virginia Tree Farm News. Issue #3, March. 4 p.

Patric, J.H.; Studenmund, R.W. 1975. Some seldom-reported statistics on precipitation at Elkins, West Virginia. West Virginia Agriculture and Forestry 6(2): 14-16.

Trimble Jr., G.R.; Weitzman, S.1954. Effect of a hardwood forest canopy on rainfall intensities. American Geophysical Union Transactions 35(2): 226-234.

Mary Beth Adams, USDA Forest Service, P.O. Box 404, Parsons, WV. 26287. (304) 478-2000.



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