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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #65

Cutting Practices Demonstration
To demonstrate various harvest cutting methods used in the upland oak forest type.
1953 and 1957, varies per stand
expected to continue
Vinton Furnace Experimental Forest near McArthur, OH. Approximately 39 deg. 11.5 min N lat., 82 deg. 24 min. W. long. Elevation ranges 800' to 900'. Plots straddle an east-west running ridge that gives each plot north/south aspect and ridge/middle slope characteristics. Soils are Germano-Gilpin complex on southerly aspects and Steinsburg-Gilpin complex on northerly aspects. Depth of 'A' horizon ranged from 0" to 11" and 0" to 7" respectively and texture is sandy to silty loam with frequent rock outcrops. Slopes range from 6% to 70%.
6 rectangular 5-acre plots with 66' wide isolation strips on all sides.
Each 5-acre plot received a single treatment. The six plot treatments were: 1) commercial clear-cut, 2) diameter limit cut, 3) selection cut, 4) complete clear-cut, 4) selection cut with timber stand improvement (TSI), and 6) commercial clear-cut with TSI.
Data collected are divided into two principal areas: 1) Tree Growth/Volume (represented by species, d.b.h., and crown class) and 2) Tree Grade/Quality (represented by species, d.b.h., height to first fork, actual and potential tree grade, grading section and surface defects).
d.b.h. to nearest 0.1": 1956, 1961, 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1990.
Merchantable height: 1976, 1990. 
Crown class: 1956, 1990. 
Actual tree grade (USFS standard): 1990. 
Potential tree grade (USFS standard): 1990. 
Cull, sweep and rot (%): 1990. Height to 1st fork: 1990. 
Surface detect by grading section: 1990.
Field data are verified when entered into computer. Field crews were trained by experienced field personnel.
Only raw data collected after 1976 are available. Only summaries are available for data collected prior to 1976. Available data are maintained in an ORACLE database (SASQUATCH) according to the following categories: study description, stand density plot data, plot history, plot summaries, ingrowth summaries, plot treatments, species descriptions, ecological data, size of opening data. Hardcopy of some tally sheets are maintained in file cabinets.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes Landscape Scale Studies
Establishment report. 1958. Russell Walters. 

The above are office reports of U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Delaware, OH. 

Heiligmann, R.; Noland, E.R.; Hilt, D.E. 1985. 28-year old reproduction on five cutting practices in upland oak. N. Journ. Appl. For. 2(1): 17-22.

Roach, B.; Gingrich, S.F. 1968. Even-age silviculture for upland central hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 355. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.

Sander, I.L.; Clark, B.F. 1972. Reproduction of upland hardwood forests in the central states. Agriculture Handbook 405. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station.

Dan Yaussy, USDA Forest Service, 359 Main Road, Delaware, OH 43015. (740) 368-0093



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