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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #33

Stand Improvement, Semi-Permanent Tally Strip, Orzetti Sale
To determine the rate of recovery of the residual stand following a heavy glaze salvage thinning and the effects of future wind or glaze storms on this reserved growing stock.
1937
expected to continue
Kane Experimental Forest; Compartment 7. In 1937, stand age was about 40 yrs. In 1937, red maple, yellow-poplar & birch were very even-age. Ages estimated from quadratic average diameter were 46, 45 & 49 yrs. respectively. Cherry was much older calculated at 69 years using same quadratic method. The distribution of sugar maple in the 1" to 5" or 6" class gave an estimated age of 49 yrs, and the distribution above 6" indicated a remnant of a very old stand. The beech distribution from 1" to 4" also indicates a 44 yr. age; the remnant above 4" also indicates a very old stand.

Elevation of the area ranges between 1900' and 2020'; the plots are at 2020'.

10 0.1-acre plots totaling 1 acre in a strip or transect. The strip of plots runs due north 10 chains along cruise line 16, crossing the glaze salvage cutting windrows at right angles.
100%
Severe glaze storm: March 17-19, 1936. Removal of 65 square feet of basal area per acre: 1937.
All stump measurements were converted to d.b.h. by means of taper charts for the principle species.
100% inventory of all trees or stumps > or = 1" diameter or stump: species, d.b.h., frequency: 1937, 1942, 1947, 1952, 1957, 1962, 1977, 1984.

Photographs: 1937 (before cutting), 1938 (after cutting), 1952.

Damage record after severe glaze storm of 1950: 1950.

Data visually checked during computer data entry.

Angle irons were placed at all 0.1-acre lines in center of tally strip.

Each plot corner was marked with fiberglass rods.

Raw data by plot reside on DG and tally sheets are kept with written instructions and detailed maps to each stand.
Annually, the raw data are transformed using the REGEN1 program in DG Info. System. Summarized data by plot and by stand reside in a DG-based program that can output to ASCII text files.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes
each request is reviewed 
Office report. Recovery and growth of a Heavily thinned stand of Black Cherry-Sugar Maple-Yellow Poplar Following the Glaze Storm of March 1936. 1936. Ashbel Hough. 

The above are office reports of U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Warren, PA. Downs, A.A. 1938. Glaze damage in the birch-beech-maple-hemlock type of PA and NY. J. Foresty 36: 63-70.

Ostrom, C.E.; Taylor, L.E. 1938. Relation of stump diameter to breast-high diameter of northern hardwoods. Tech. Note 23. Philadelphia, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Allegheny Forest Exp. Station. 2 p.

Hough, A.F.; Taylor, R.F. 1946. Response of Allegheny northern hardwoods to partial cutting. J. Forestry 44: 30-38.

Forest Products Laboratory. 1949. Hardwood log grades for standard lumber. Mimeo. D 1737 issued March 1949. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory.

Meyer, H.A. 1952. Structure growth and drain in the balanced uneven-age forests. J. Forestry 50: 85-92.

Hough, A.F. 1954. The control method of forest management in an age of aerial photography. J. Forestry 52: 568-574.

Susan Stout, USDA, Forest Service, P.O. Box 267, Irvine PA 16329. (814) 563-1040
none

 

  

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