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Go to:4. Strip Selection Cuttings in Mountainous Appalachian Hardwoods

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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #5

Financial Rate of Return Cut Areas of the Fernow Experimental Forest
To determine the effects of financial rate of return cuttings on: a) yield and growth of hardwood stands in terms of board feet, cubic feet, and basal area values, b) species composition, c) hardwood stand quality.
expected to continue
6 Locations of the Fernow Experimental Forest. 
Oak site index is 70 for all areas.
A total of 6 areas were established; 2 study areas for each of 3%, 4%, and 6% rates of return. All areas were established on sites with an oak site index of 70. Data will be compared on a tabular and graphic basis; no statistical analysis is expected.
9/1971-9/1977: applied financial maturity cutting practice to 6 compartments. 
6/1975-9/1975: permanent inventory plots established in each compartment.
4/1985: all trees 5.0"+ d.b.h. on inventory plots were permanently tagged using Fernow Wire and Tag System.

Financial maturity cutting practice applied to 6 compartments are maintained on a 10-year cutting cycle.

Standard growth plot procedures were used to permanently identify each tree at least 5.0" d.b.h. Guidelines for applying the cutting treatments were established by Trimble et al. 1974. 
[Trimble, George R. Jr., Joseph J. Mendel, and Richard A. Kennell. 1974. A Procedure for Selection Marking in Hardwoods Combining Silvicultural Considerations of Economic Guidelines. USDA, FS Research Paper NE 292, 13 pages.]
Every 5 years after cut: all plots are remeasured, as in 1985, beginning in 1986-1987 dormant season. The cutting cycle is 10 years and every other remeasurement will coincide with the scheduled cutting date.

Independent: effect of the financial rate of return cuts.

Dependent: stand growth, species composition, stand quality.

Data are visually compared to previously collected data. Accuracy assessments are completed after each data-collection period. Permanent employee continually supervises temporary employees.
Raw: stand structure and grade, species, d.b.h., and number of stems available on DG. Species, d.b.h., And number of stems are in hardcopy. Data are downloaded to PCs for analyses.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes
partially 1994
Work plan: August 1975. Clay Smith.
Establishment report: March 1976. Clay Smith. 
Progress report and Establishment of permanent growth Plots: Feb. 1987. Neil Lamson. 

The above are office reports of U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Parsons, WV. 

Miller, G.W.; Smith, H.C. 1993. A practical alternative to single-tree selection? Northern Journal of Applied Forestry. 10(1):32-38.

Thomas Schuler,  USDA Forest Service,  P.O. Box 404, Parsons WV 26287. (304) 478-2000 ext. 110.



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