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Go to:3. Southern Appalachian White Pine Seed Source Study

Go to:5. Financial Rate of Return Cut Areas of the Fernow Experimental Forest

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Catalog of Long Term Research Conducted by the Northeastern Research Station

Catalog #4

Strip Selection Cuttings in Mountainous Appalachian Hardwoods
To explore the feasibility of using the strip-selection cutting method in central Appalachian mixed hardwoods and to include aspects of yield, growth, stand development, aesthetics, cultural practices, road location, and logging control. 
expected to continue
Location on Fernow Experimental Forest is adjacent to Fishtrough Hollow bordered by the lower Fishtrough Rd. and upper Hickman Rd. 56.5 acres total. 
Area is referenced to WV State Plane coordinate system. 
Oak site index is 77. 
50% to 60% slope with hidden limestone rock ledges. 
Calvin Series of soils.
2 treatments (types of strip cuttings: vertical and parallel) replicated twice on each of 2 oak sites - site index of 60 and 80. (total of 8 areas). 
Ideal number of acres to cut for each cutting period is 7.1 acres.
Each strip cutting is 2.5 chains (165') wide. The amount of area cut depend upon size of compartment, cutting cycle, and length of rotation. Blue boundary lines were painted on the ground and iron rods were placed on the 4 corners of each plot to permanently establish all strip plots.

Year Cut:
Number of Acres Cut:

Total Acres Cut: 56.5

1974: on the reproduction plots: stems 1' to 0.99" d.b.h. were tallied on the 0.001-acre plots and stems 1.0" to 4.99" d.b.h. were tallied on the 0.01-acre plots. 
Density was recorded using a relascope-40 factor at each reproduction plot center. Site indexes were determined using the Trimble-Weitzman Operating Procedures without measuring soil depth. 
Additional effort was needed to remove grapevines from all plots.
Reproduction and growing stock inventories are made periodically. Cultural practices include cutting all stems above 1.0" d.b.h. in some strips and in others, removing only sawlogs above 11.0" d.b.h. Periodic thinnings are completed throughout the compartments. Crop-tree selections are made at 10 to 15 years or when the stems are at least 25 ' tall.
Cruise data were collected and summarized 1974 to evaluate the residual and original stands.

Strip orientation - vertical and parallel to contour, site quality, silivicultural practices, comparisons to other management systems, cutting period. 

Stocking and quantity of reproduction, stand growth and yield (board foot volume to 8" top, cubic foot volume to 4" top, basal area growth, diameter growth), log quality, costs and returns. 

Data are visually compared to previously collected data. Accuracy assessments are completed after each data-collection period. Permanent employee continually supervises temporary employees.
Raw: stand structure and grade, species, d.b.h., and number of stems available on DG. 
Species, d.b.h., and number of stems are in hardcopy. 
Data are downloaded to PCs for analyses.
Studies of Ecosystem Processes
Establishment report 4110-NE-1103-59: June 1975. Clay Smith. 
Working plan: May 1974. Clay Smith and G.W. Wendel. 
The above are office reports of U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Parsons, WV.
Thomas Schuler,  USDA Forest Service,  P.O. Box 404, Parsons WV 26287. (304) 478-2000 ext. 110.
Monongahela National Forest



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