The following titles have recently been added to the National Forest Service Library collection.
Insect Molecular Biology and Ecology
Edited by Klaus H. Hoffmann
CRC Press; ISBN: 978-1-48223-188-5; December 19, 2014; 428 pages
Insects represent the most abundant and diverse animal group on Earth. The number of described species is more than one million and up to ten million are estimated. Insects have one of the widest distributions in the world because they have adapted to extreme ranges of environments.
Molecular ecology studies ecological processes based on the analysis of biomacromolecules, particularly DNA, RNA, and proteins, but also of low-molecular weight signal compounds. Molecular ecology uses the exciting opportunities offered by the tools of molecular biology.
The book presents current entomological research, where molecular tools help to advance traditional ecological studies. Chapters include ones on insect–insect and insect–plant interactions, on mechanisms of environmental adaptation, or on the use of insect biotechnology in pest and vector control. The book helps to combine powerful methods in molecular biology with exciting issues in ecology to understand why insects became "masters of survival."
Negotiating Climate Change Radical Democracy and Illusion of Consensus
By Amanda Machin
Zed Books; ISBN: 978-1-78032-397-8; August 8, 2013; 176 pages
Climate change is the greatest challenge of the age, and yet fierce disagreement still exists over the best way to tackle the problem or, indeed, whether it should be tackled at all.
In this original book, Amanda Machin draws on radical democratic theory to show that such disagreement does not have to hinder collective action; rather, democratic differences are necessary if we are to have any hope of acting against climate change. This is an important read for researchers, students, policy makers and anyone concerned about the current (lack of) politics in climate change.
Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition
Edited by P.J. White and Robert A. Garrott
Harvard University Press; ISBN: 978-0-674-07318-0; April, 2013; 368 pages
The world’s first national park, Yellowstone is a symbol of nature’s enduring majesty and the paradigm of protected areas across the globe. But Yellowstone is constantly changing. How we understand and respond to events that are putting species under stress, say the authors of Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition, will determine the future of ecosystems that were millions of years in the making. This is the most comprehensive survey of research on North America’s flagship national park available today.
Marshaling the expertise of over thirty contributors, Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition examines the diverse changes to the park’s ecology in recent decades. These experts detect worrying signs of a system under strain. They identify three overriding stressors: invasive species, private-sector development of unprotected lands, and a warming climate. Their concluding recommendations will shape the twenty-first-century discussion over how to confront these challenges, not only in American parks but for conservation areas worldwide.
The predator paradox: ending the war with wolves, bears, cougars, and coyotes
By John Shivik
Beacon Press; ISBN: 978-0-8070-8496-0; May 13, 2014; 208 pages
An expert in wildlife management tells the stories of those who are finding new ways for humans and mammalian predators to coexist.
Suburbanites and city dwellers are having more unwanted run-ins with mammalian predators; And that might not be a bad thing. Given improved scientific understanding and methods, can we continue to slow the slaughter and allow populations of mammalian predators to resume their positions as keystone species?
Blending the science of the wild with entertaining and dramatic storytelling, Shivik’s clear-eyed pragmatism allows him to appeal to both sides of the debate, while arguing for the possibility of coexistence: between ranchers and environmentalists, wildlife managers and animal-welfare activists, and humans and animals.
Seeking the Greatest Good: The Conservation Legacy of Gifford Pinchot
By Char Miller
University of Pittsburgh Press; ISBN: 978-0-8229-6267-0; September, 2013; 232 pages
Char Miller chronicles the history of the Pinchot Institute for Conservation Studies and describes its iconic national historic site, Grey Towers, offered by Pinchot’s family as a lasting gift to the American people. As a union of the United States Forest Service and the Conservation Foundation, the institute was created to formulate policy and develop conservation education programs. Miller explores the institute’s unique fusion of policy makers, scientists, politicians, and activists and their efforts to increase our understanding of and responses to urban and rural forestry, water quality, soil erosion, air pollution, endangered species, land management and planning, and hydraulic fracking.
Tangled roots : The Appalachian Trail and American environmental politics
By Sarah Mittlefehldt
University of Washington Press; ISBN: 978-0-295-99300-3; August, 2014; 300 pages; Series: Weyerhaeuser Environmental Books
The Appalachian Trail, a thin ribbon of wilderness running through the densely populated eastern United States, offers a refuge from modern society and a place apart from human ideas and institutions. But as environmental historian-and thru-hiker-Sarah Mittlefehldt argues, the trail is also a conduit for community engagement and a model for public-private cooperation and environmental stewardship.
In Tangled Roots, Mittlefehldt tells the story of the trail's creation. The project was one of the first in which the National Park Service attempted to create public wilderness space within heavily populated, privately owned lands. Today, as Mittlefehldt tells us, the Appalachian Trail remains an unusual hybrid of public and private efforts and an inspiring success story of environmental protection.
Inventory and Monitoring: Recommended Techniques for Reptiles and Amphibians
Edited by Gabrielle J. Graeter
Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation; 2013; 321 pages
The PARC Inventory and Monitoring: Recommended Techniques for Reptiles and Amphibians book is now complete and provides an excellent resource for biologists, land managers, consultants, and particularly those who are non-herpetologists, to understand the animals in their geographic area of interest.
This book differs from other recent book projects in that it includes both Amphibians and Reptiles, is written for target audiences (Government agency land managers or biologists, environmental consultants, researchers, biologists, or land managers without herpetological background or training), has a summary of each sampling technique, contains a reference matrix listing all U.S. and Canadian species, can be applied to regions of U.S., Canada, and Northern Mexico, and has color photography.
The Lure of the North Woods Cultivating Tourism in the Upper Midwest
By Aaron Shapiro
University of Minnesota Press; ISBN: 978-0-8166-7792-4; March 30, 2013; 312 pages
This book tells the story of how northern Minnesota, northern Wisconsin, and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula became a tourist paradise, turning a scarred industrial countryside into the playground we know today. Aaron Shapiro describes how residents and visitors reshaped the region from a landscape of exploitation to a vacationland and reveals how leisure—and tourism in particular—has shaped modern America.
Trees in Paradise: A California History
By Jared Farmer
W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.; ISBN: 978-0-393-07802-2; October 28, 2013; 592 pages
From roots to canopy, a lush, verdant history of the making of California.
California now has more trees than at any time since the late Pleistocene. This green landscape, however, is not the work of nature. It’s the work of history. In the years after the Gold Rush, American settlers remade the California landscape, harnessing nature to their vision of the good life. Horticulturists, boosters, and civic reformers began to "improve" the bare, brown countryside, planting millions of trees to create groves, wooded suburbs, and landscaped cities. They imported the blue-green eucalypts whose tangy fragrance was thought to cure malaria. They built the lucrative "Orange Empire" on the sweet juice and thick skin of the Washington navel, an industrial fruit. They lined their streets with graceful palms to announce that they were not in the Midwest anymore.
Rich in character and story, Trees in Paradise is a dazzling narrative that offers an insightful, new perspective on the history of the Golden State and the American West.
Painting the Landscape With Fire Longleaf Pines and Fire Ecology
By Den Latham
University of South Carolina Press; ISBN: 978-1-61117-242-3; July 15, 2013; 224 pages
A revealing look at the role of prescribed burns in sustaining the longleaf pine forests of the southeast.
Fire can be a destructive, deadly element of nature, capable of obliterating forests, destroying homes, and taking lives. Den Latham's Painting the Landscape with Fire describes this phenomenon but also tells a different story, one that reveals the role of fire ecology in healthy, dynamic forests. Fire is a beneficial element that allows the longleaf forests of America's Southeast to survive.
Painting the Landscape with Fire explores the unique Southern biosphere of longleaf forests. Throughout Latham beautifully tells the story of the resilience of these woodlands and of the resourcefulness of those who work to see them thrive. Fire is destructive in the case of accidents, arson, or poor policy, but with the right precautions and safety measures, it is the glowing life force that these forests need.
Intermountain Flora Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, U.S.A.
By Arthur Cronquist, et al
New York Botanical Garden; ISBN: 978-0-8932-7520-4; June 30, 1997; 446 pages
Intermountain Flora is a unique and comprehensive series that provides keys, descriptions, and illustrations of the vascular plants of the intermountain regions of the western United States.
Ecoregions: The Ecosystem Geography of the Oceans and Continents
By Robert Bailey
Springer; ISBN: 978-1-4939-0523-2; April 3, 1998; 176 pages
The first edition of this book (1998) classified and characterized the regional-scale ecosystem units (ecoregions) of the Earth as shown on a map that Bailey developed with the encouragement of several international organizations. In addition to the descriptive account, his primary goal was to suggest explanations of the mechanisms that act to produce the world pattern of ecoregion distribution, and to consider some of the implications for land use. He included ocean types, since understanding land regions depends on understanding ocean systems.
Climate Change and United States Forests
By David Peterson, et al
Springer; ISBN: 978-94-007-7514-5; 2014; 261 pages
This volume offers a scientific assessment of the effects of climatic variability and change on forest resources in the United States. Derived from a report that provides technical input to the 2013 U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment, the book serves as a framework for managing U.S. forest resources in the context of climate change. The authors focus on topics having the greatest potential to alter the structure and function of forest ecosystems, and therefore ecosystem services, by the end of the 21st century.
Long-Term Response of a Forest Watershed Ecosystem: Clearcutting in the Southern Appalachians
By Wayne Swank and Jackson Webster
Oxford University Press; ISBN: 978-0-19-537015-7; March 3, 2014; 272 pages
This latest addition to the Long-Term Ecological Research Network series gives an overarching account of the recovery and management of a forest watershed ecosystem. It synthesizes and cross-references important and rare-to find, long-term data in 14 chapters that deal with the hydrologic, biogeochemical, and ecological processes of mixed deciduous forests. The data is representative of the entire U.S., and shows the effects of commercial clearcutting using examples from the Southeastern U.S. and a range of East coast forests. It includes responses of both forest and stream components of the watershed and provides unique insights into the interrelationships between the effects of natural disturbances (floods, droughts, insects, and disease, etc.) versus management disturbances.
Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Options: A Guide for Natural Resource Managers in Southern Forest Ecosystems
Edited by James Vose and Kier Klepzig
CRC Press; ISBN: 978-1-4665-7275-1; December 5, 2013; 492 pages
Forest land managers face the challenges of preparing their forests for the impacts of climate change. However, climate change adds a new dimension to the task of developing and testing science-based management options to deal with the effects of stressors on forest ecosystems in the southern United States. The large spatial scale and complex interactions make traditional experimental approaches difficult. Yet, the current progression of climate change science offers new insights from recent syntheses, models, and experiments, providing enough information to start planning now for a future that will likely include an increase in disturbances and rapid changes in forest conditions.
Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology
Edited by Pertti Hari, Kari Heliovaara, and Liisa Kulmala
Springer; ISBN: 978-94-007-5602-1; 2013; 534 pages
This important contribution is the result of decades of theoretical thinking and high-value data collection by the University of Helsinki examining forest ecosystems in great detail. The ecology is dominated by a qualitative approach, e.g. species and vegetation zones, but in contrast quantitative thinking is characteristic in the exact sciences of physics and physiology. The editors have bridged the gap between ecology and the exact sciences with an interdisciplinary and quantitative approach.
This book introduces a holistic synthesis of carbon and nitrogen fluxes in forest ecosystems from cell to stand level during the lifetime of trees. Metabolism and physical phenomena give rise to concentration, pressure and temperature differences that generate the material and energy fluxes between living organisms and their environment.
Methods in Forest Canopy Research
By Margaret Lowman, et al
University of California Press; ISBN: 978-0-520-27371-9; November 26, 2012; 240 pages
Poised between soil and sky, forest canopies represent a critical point of exchange between the atmosphere and the earth, yet until recently, they remained a largely unexplored frontier. For a long time, problems with access and the lack of tools and methods suitable for monitoring these complex bioscapes made canopy analysis extremely difficult. Fortunately, canopy research has advanced dramatically in recent decades. Methods in Forest Canopy Research is a comprehensive overview of these developments for explorers of this astonishing environment. The authors describe methods for reaching the canopy and the best ways to measure how the canopy, atmosphere, and forest floor interact. They address how to replicate experiments in challenging environments and lay the groundwork for creating standardized measurements in the canopy—essential tools for understanding our changing world.
American Canopy: Trees, Forests and the Making of a Nation
By Eric Rutkow
Scribner; ISBN: 978-1-4391-9358-7; April 2, 2013; 416 pages
This fascinating and groundbreaking work tells the remarkable story of the relationship between Americans and their trees across the entire span of our nation’s history.
Never before has anyone treated our country’s trees and forests as the subject of a broad historical study, and the result is an accessible, informative, and thoroughly entertaining read. Audacious in its four-hundred-year scope, authoritative in its detail, and elegant in its execution, American Canopy is perfect for history buffs and nature lovers alike and announces Eric Rutkow as a major new author of popular history.
The Ophiostomatoid Fungi: Expanding Frontiers
Edited by Keith Seifert, Z. Wilhelm de Beer, and Michael Wingfield
CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre; ISBN: 978-90-70351-94-6; June, 2013; 337 pages
This book includes 21 papers divided among five themes, plus an appendix. It is a sequel to Ceratocystis and Ophiostoma: Taxonomy, Ecology, and Pathogenicity, published by the APS Press in 1993, and like that book is derived from an international symposium, this one held on North Stradbroke Island, Australia prior to the 9th International Mycological Congress. A year before this volume was completed, mycological taxonomy formally abandoned the historical two name system, known as dual nomenclature, and we are now adopting a single name binomial system. The appendix to this book provides a preliminary view of the nomenclature of the ophiostomatoid fungi using the new single name system. In an attempt at consistency, this naming system is used in all chapters.
Uncle Sam's Cabins: A Visitor's Guide to Historic U.S. Forest Service Ranger Stations of the West - Revised edition
By Les Joslin
Wilderness Associates; ISBN: 978-0-9647167-8-0; January 1, 2012; 336 pages
This revised edition of Uncle Sam’s Cabins is a step back in time to ninety historic U.S. Forest Service ranger and guard stations throughout the West—stations from which early-day forest rangers patrolled and protected America’s magnificent National Forest System.
All those historic station have fascinating stories. Some remain in service—many more are recreation rental cabins.
Forests for the People: the Story of the America's Eastern National Forests
By Christopher Johnson and David Govatski
Island Press; ISBN: 978-1-61091-010-1; January 25, 2013; 408 pages
Forests for the People tells one of the most extraordinary stories of environmental protection in our nation’s history: how a diverse coalition of citizens, organizations, and business and political leaders worked to create a system of national forests in the Eastern United States. It offers an insightful and wide-ranging look at the actions leading to the passage of the Weeks Act in 1911—landmark legislation that established a system of well-managed forests in the East, the South, and the Great Lakes region, along with case studies that consider some of the key challenges facing eastern forests today.
From Prairies to Peaks: a history of the Rocky Mountain Region of the U.S. Forest Service, 1905-2012
By Anthony godfrey, et al
Forest Service; ISBN: 978-0-16091-412-6; December 20, 2012; 434 pages
Introduction to the vast ecosystem the Forest Service organized as the Rocky Mountain District in 1907 and to some of the myriad natural processes that shaped the public lands over time. It chronicles the constantly changing human values and interest in the land as well.
Forest Management for All: State and Private Forestry in the U.S. Forest Service
By Lincoln Bramwell
Forest History Society; ISBN: 978-0-89030-077-0; 2013; 103 pages
Forest Service historian Lincoln Bramwell engagingly captures the branch's history, demonstrating why, time and again, State and Private Forestry was able to overcome numerous challenges to its purpose—and at times its existence—to become the federal leader in providing and coordinating technical and financial assistance to landowners and resource managers. In doing so, says Bramwell, State and Private Forestry became indispensable to "the Forest Service's mission to focus the nation on the value of forest conservation."
Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate: Promises and Perils
By Dr. Joyce Maschinski and Dr. Kristin Haskins
Island Press; ISBN: 978-1-59726-831-8; 2012; 432 pages
Considered an essential conservation tool, plant reintroductions have been conducted for many of the world's rarest plant species.
This volume presents a comprehensive review of reintroduction projects and practices, the circumstances of their successes or failures, lessons learned, and the potential role for reintroductions in preserving species threatened by climate change.
The findings culminate in a set of Best Reintroduction Practice Guidelines, included in an appendix. These guidelines cover stages from planning and implementation to long-term monitoring, and offer not only recommended actions but also checklists of questions to consider that are applicable to projects around the world.
Included in the book are discussions of the history, fears, and controversy regarding managed relocation, along with protocols for evaluating invasive risk and proposals for conducting managed relocation of rare plants.
Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate is a comprehensive and accessible reference for practitioners to use in planning and executing rare plant reintroductions.
A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration
Edited by John Stanturf, Palle Madsen, and David Lamb
Springer; ISBN: 978-94-007-5337-2; December 5, 2012; 474 pages
While restoration ecology has traditionally aimed to re-create some putative more ‘natural’ ecological state, forest landscape restoration (FLR) has emerged over the last decade as an approach aimed more at restoring natural functions, while focusing on meeting human needs.
With a view to exploring the practical potential of this approach, this book draws together a team of experts from the natural and social sciences to discuss its success so far in addressing critical issues such as biodiversity, ecological function, and human livelihoods. Applying principles of landscape ecology, restoration ecology, planning theory and conflict management, the book presents a series of case studies which document the approach, and discusses how the approach can help with priority setting for the future.
The book will provide a valuable reference to graduate students and researchers interested in ecological restoration, forest ecology and management, as well as to professionals in environmental restoration, natural resource management, conservation, and environmental policy.