What is the Privacy
In December 1974 Congress passed a law relating to protection of privacy
in administrative process of Federal executive agencies. The President
signed the legislation on January 1st, and the Privacy Act (P.L. 93-579)
became effective on September 27, 1975.
The Privacy Act gives American citizens and lawfully admitted aliens
for permanent residency a greater say in the way records about them
are kept and eliminates needless intrusions on personal privacy through
the keeping of extraneous records. The Privacy Act assures individuals
on whom information is collected that:
- there are not Federal government personal recordkeeping systems whose
very existence are secret.
- Federal personal information files are limited to those that are clearly
- they will have an opportunity to see what information about them is
kept and to challenge its accuracy.
- personal information collected for one purpose not be used for another
purpose without their consent.
- if disclosures are made, they will find out to whom they were made,
for what purpose and on what date.