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Activities:

Table of Contents:

The Working Group visits Cedrela mexicana plantations at Rancho Gran Chaparral near Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.

Current Activities

Minutes:

LATEST: May 2012 (Quebec City, Quebec, Canada)

April 2011 (Otto, North Carolina, USA)

November 2009 (Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico)

March 2008 (Arlington, Virginia)

September 2007 (Corvallis, Oregon, USA)

March 2005 ( Guadalajara , Jalisco, México)

October 2004 (Morelia, Michoacán, México)

September 2003 (Québec, Québec, Canada)

November 2002 (Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico)

August 2001 (Placerville, California, USA )

Other Activities:

    • Ongoing studies of Mexican spruces, pines, and Douglas-firs.
    • Coordinating a comprehensive study of North America's piñon pines.
    • Creating an annotated bibliography of undergraduate and graduate dissertations from Mexican universities on genetics, ecology, and biogeography of forest trees, and preparing it for the Web.
    • Publishing a series of lecture notes on forest conservation genetics in Spanish and English.
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Tasks:
As of the last meeting in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada (May 7-10, 2012), the following tasks were active:

  • Task 38. To maintain and update a page on the World Wide Web to broaden contacts and improve communications about the activities of the Forest Genetic Resources Working Group.
  • Task 41. To aid in the conservation of spruce taxa endangered in Mexico and the southwestern United States by publicizing their plight to the public and by directing recommendations for the sustainable management of spruce ecosystems to the appropriate governmental agencies and antional and international non-governmental organizations.
  • Task 44. To create a bibliography with abstracts of undergraduate and graduate dissertations on the genetics, ecology, and biogeography of Mexican woody and semi-woody species and the plant communities in which they occur, and make the information available on the Internet.
  • Task 51. To review the literature and rate the vulnerability of forest genetic resources to climate change.
  • Task 52. To mitigate the lack of trained personnel in Mexico’s National Forest Genetic Resource Management Program by providing training courses and training visits in the areas of a) seed collection and management, b) nursery plant production, and c) forest genetics and tree improvement, using expertise within the FGRWG as well as that recruited from other sources in Canada, México, and the U.S.
  • Task 53. To collect seeds from Coulter pine in the southernmost arid extremes of its range to store for conservation, and to use in tests of hypotheses concerning the species north-south dispersal during glacial and post-glacial periods.
  • Task 54.: To develop guidelines for assisted migration of forest species and populations in response to climate change.
  • Task 55: To study elevational and geographic variation in Pinus patula as an aid to defining seed zones and conservation of genetic resources in the state of Oaxaca.
  • Task 56: To develop ex situ conservation guidelines for species at most risk of extirpation from climate change.

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Dr. José Luis Campo Díaz describing the geographic distribution and silvical requirements of threatened Mexican pines to Working Group members.

Major Accomplishments:

  • Initiated the first World Directory of Forest Geneticists and Tree Breeders in 1965. This was revised and published by IUFRO in 1977, and again in 1998 by the US Forest Service.
  • Supported the establishment of the first forest genetics research facility in México, the Centro de Genética Forestal, in Chapingo and Veracruz in 1985.
  • Launched and coordinated genetic surveys of several Mexican conifers, including Picea chihuahuana, Picea martinezii, Picea mexicana, Pinus ayacahuite, Pinus strobiformis, Pinus maximartinezii, and Pinus pinceana.
  • Provided training opportunities for nine Mexican scientists and students at research facilities in the United States during the last 10 years.
  • Conducted training courses in various aspects of forest genetics at San Cristobal de las Casas 1980; Durango 1984; Chapingo (1990,1995); Placerville 1993.
  • Promoted the exchange of information among FGRSG members and observers through meetings and study tours.
  • Organized an international Workshop on North American Temperate Forest Genetic Resources (Berkeley, California, June 11-15, 1995). The Workshop included participants from 13 countries in Africa, Asia, the Austral-Pacific, Europe, and South America (where North American species are grown as exotics), as well as delegates from Canada, México, and the United States.
  • Organized the first North American Forest Biology Workshop to be held in Mexico, convened in Merida, Yucatan from July 17-21, 2000.
  • Organized a symposium in memory of Dr. Basilio Bermejo Velázquez on "Use and Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources" in Jalapa, Veracruz, November 5, 2002.
  • Organized an international symposium entitled "Silviculture and the Conservation of Genetic Resources for Sustainable Forest Management" as a satellite to the XII World Forestry Congress in Québec, Québec, Canada on September 21, 2003.
  • Organized a symposium entitled "Potential Effects of Global Warming on Silviculture and Genetic Resources" at University of Michoacán, Morelia, Michoacán, México, on October 18, 2004.
  • Conducted a training course in “Seed Management and Forest Plant Production for Conservation and Genetic Improvement” at the CEFOFOR-CONAFOR Center , Guzmán, Jalisco, México, on March, 31, 2006 .
  • Major publications as products of the tasks :
    • Eguiluz P., T. (ed.). 1984. XIV Reunión del Grupo de Mejoramiento Genético Forestal, ciclo de conferencias. Comisíon Forestal de América del Norte, Durango, Durango, México, del 9 al 12 de octubre 1984. 170 pp. [articles in Spanish or English]
    • Eguiluz P., T. (ed.). 1985. North American Forestry Commission Tree Improvement Study Group Proceedings: "The State of the Art in Forest Genetics and Breeding". International meeting satellite to the IX World Forestry Congress, México City , México. 143 pp. [articles in Spanish or English]
    • Eguiluz P., T. 1988. Glosario de Términos de Genética y Mejoramiento Genético Forestal. Boletín Técnico No. 2, Centro de Genética Forestal, A.C., Chapingo, México. 59 pp. [English to Spanish]
    • Rogers, D. L. and F. T. Ledig (eds.). 1996. The Status of Temperate North American Forest Genetic Resources. Report No. 15, Genetic Resources Conservation Program, University of California , Davis , California . [in English] Available from http://www.grcp.ucdavis.edu/publications/index.htm
    • Vargas H., J., B. Bermejo V., and F. T. Ledig (eds.). 1997. Manejo de Recursos Genéticos Forestales. Instituto de Recursos Naturales, Colegio de Postgraduados en Ciencias Agricolas, Montecillo, México, México. [in Spanish]
    • Ledig, F. T., V. Jacob C., P. D. Hodgskiss, and T. Eguiluz P. 1997. Recent evolution and divergence among populations of a rare Mexican endemic, Chihuahua spruce, following Holocene warming. Evolution 51: 1815-1827. Available from: http;//treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24281
    • Ledig, F. T. And D. B. Neale (compilers). 1998. World Directory of Forest Geneticists and Tree Breeders. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-170, Pacific Southwest Research Station , US Forest Service, Albany , California . Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/28857
    • Ledig, F. T., J. J. Vargas H., and K. H. Johnsen. 1998. The conservation of forest genetic resources: case histories from Canada , Mexico , and the United States . Journal of Forestry 96(1): 32-41. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24342
    • Ledig, F. T., M. T. Conkle, B. Bermejo V., T.Eguiluz P., P. D. Hodgskiss, D. R. Johnson, and W. S. Dvorak. 1999. Evidence for an extreme bottleneck in a rare Mexican pinyon: genetic diversity, disequilibrium, and the mating system in Pinus maximartinezii. Evolution 53: 91-99. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24286
    • Ledig, F.T., B.Bermejo-V, P.D. Hofgkiss, D.R. Johnson, C.Flores-L., and V. Jacob-C. 2000. The mating system and genic diversity in Martinez spruce, an extremely rare endemic of Mexico 's Sierra Madre Oriental : an example of facultative selfing and survival in interglacial refugia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30:1156-1164. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24294
    • Ledig, F.T., M. Mapula-L., B. Bermejo-V., V. Reyes-H., C. Flores-L. and M.A. Capo-A. 2000. Locations of endangered spruce populations in Mexico and the demography of Picea chihuahuana. Mandrono 47: 71-88. Available from F.T. Ledig, Institute of Forest Genetics, 2480 Carson Road , Placerville , CA 9566. ( tledig@ucdavis.edu)
    • Ledig, F.T., M.A. Capo-A., P.D. Hodgskiss, H. Sbay, C. Flores-L., M.T. Conkle and B. Bermejo-V. 2001. Genetic diversity and the mating system of a rare Mexican pinon, Pinus pinceana, and a comparison with Pinus maximartinezii (Pinaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 1877-1987. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24297
    • Ledig, F.T., P.D. Hodgskiss and V. Jacob-Cervantes. 2002. Genic diversity, mating system, and conservation of a Mexican subalpine relict, Picea mexicana MartRnez. Conservation Genetics 3: 113-122. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24299
    • Sáenz-Romero, C., Snively, A. and Lindig-Cisneros, R. 2003. Conservation and restoration of pine forest genetic resources in México. Silvae Genetica 52 (5-6):233-237. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, (csaenzromero@gmail.com )
    • Sáenz-Romero, C. and Tapia-Olivares, B. L. 2003. Pinus oocarpa isoenzymatic variation along an altitudinal gradient in Michoacán, México. Silvae Genetica 52 (5-6): 237-240. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Ledig, F.T., P.D. Hodgskiss, K.V. Krutovskii, D.B. Neale and T. Eguiluz-Piedra. 2004. Relationships among the Spruces (Picea, Pinaceae) of Southwestern North America . Syst. Bot. 29(2): 275-295. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/24306
    • Vargas H., J., B. Bermejo V., and F.T. Ledig (eds.) 2004. Manejo de Recursos Genéticos Forestales. Segunda Edición. Colegio de Postgraduados, Motecillo, Edo. de México, y Comisión Nacional Forestal, Zapopan, Jalisco, México. Available from : Programa Forestal, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Edo. de México, 56230, México ( vargashj@colpos.mx )
    • Viveros-Viveros, H., Sáenz-Romero, C., López-Upton, J. and Vargas-Hernández, J. J. 2005. Altitudinal genetic variation in plant growth of Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl. in field testing. Agrociencia 39(5):575-587. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Sáenz-Romero, C., Guzmán-Reyna, R. and Rehfeldt, G.E. 2006. Altitudinal genetic variation among Pinus oocarpa populations in Michoacán, México; implications for seed zoning, conservation of forest genetic resources, tree breeding and global warming. Forest Ecology and Management 229:340-350. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., J. Beaulieu, F.T. Ledig, and J. Bousquet. 2006. Decoupled mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA populati on structure reveals Holocene collapse and population isolation in a threatened Mexican-endemic conifer. Available from: J. Beaulieu, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., Quebec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4C7  by (Jean.Beaulieu@NRCan.gc.ca).
    • Sáenz-Romero C., G. E. Rehfeldt, N. L. Crookston, P. Duval, J. Beaulieu. 2009. Estimaciones de cambio climático para Michoacán: Implicaciones para el sector agropecuario y forestal y para la conservación de la Mariposa Monarca. Cuadernos de Divulgación Científica y Tecnológica del Consejo Estatal de Ciencia y Tecnología de Michoacán C+Tec. Serie 3, cuaderno número 28. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Sáenz-Romero C., G. E. Rehfeldt, N. L. Crookston, P. Duval, R. St-Amant, J. Beaulieu, B. A. Richardson. 2010.  Spline models of contemporary, 2030, 2060 and 2090 climates for Mexico and their use in understanding climate-change impacts on the vegetation. Climatic Change 102:595–623. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Martiñón-Martínez, R.J., J.J. Vargas-Hernández, J. López-Upton, A-Gómez-Guerrero, H. Vaquera-Huerta. 2010. Response of Pinus pinceana Gordon to drought and high temperature stress. Rev. Fitotec. Mex. 33: 239-248. Available from : Programa Forestal, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo, Edo. de México, 56230, México ( vargashj@colpos.mx )
    • Ledig, F.T. G. E. Rehfeldt, C. Sáenz-Romero , and C. Flores-López. 2010. Projections of suitable habitat for rare species under global warming scenarios. American Journal of Botany 97:970-987.
    • Sáenz-Romero, C., Ruiz-Talonia, L.F., Beaulieu, J., Sánchez-Vargas, N.M. and Rehfeldt, G.E. 2011. Genetic variation among Pinus patula populations along an altitudinal gradient. Two environment nursery tests. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 34(1):19-25.  Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Wei, X.-X., Beaulieu, J., Khasa, D.P., Vargas-Hernández, J., López-upton, J., Jaquish, B. and Bousquet, J. 2011. Range-wide chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA imprints reveal multiple lineages and complex biogeographic history for Douglas-fir. Tree Genetics & Genomes 7: 1025-1040. Available from: J. Beaulieu, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., Quebec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4C7 (Jean.Beaulieu@NRCan.gc.ca)
    • Sáenz-Romero, C., Beaulieu, J. and Rehfeldt, G.E. 2011. Altitudinal genetic variation among Pinus patula populations from Oaxaca, México, in growth chambers simulating global warming temperatures. Agrociencia 45: 399-411. Available from : Cuauhtémoc Sáenz-Romero, Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (IIAF-UMSNH), Km 9.5 carretera Morelia-Zinapecuaro, Tarímbaro Michoacán 58330, México, csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Soto-Correa, JC, Sáenz-Romero C., Lindig-Cisneros R, de la Barrera E. 2013. The neotropical shrub Lupinus elegans, from temperate forests, may not adapt to climate change. Plant Biology 15(3):607–610. Available from: csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Sáenz-Romero C, Martínez-Palacios A, Gómez-Sierra JM, Pérez-Nasser N and Sánchez-Vargas NM. 2012. Estimate decoupling of Agave cupreata populations to their suitable habitat due to climate change.  Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente 18(3):291-301. Available from: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=62926234003
    • Sáenz-Romero C, Rehfeldt GE, Crookston NL, Duval P and  Beaulieu J. 2012. Spline models of contemporary, 2030, 2060 and 2090 climates for Michoacán state, México; impacts on the vegetation. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 35(4):333-345. Available from:http://forest.moscowfsl.wsu.edu/climate/SaenzRomero_2012_ClimateMichoacan_RFM.pdf
    • Soto-Correa JC, Sáenz-Romero C, Lindig-Cisneros R, Sánchez–Vargas NM y Cruz-de-León J. 2012. Genetic variation between Lupinus elegans Kunth provenances, altitudinal seed zoning and assisted migration. Agrociencia 46(6):593-608. Available from: http://www.colpos.mx/agrocien/Bimestral/2012/ago-sep/art-6.pdf
    • Rehfeldt, GE, Crookston NL, Sáenz-Romero C, Campbell E. 2012. North American vegetation model for land-use planning in a changing climate: a solution to large classification problems. Ecological Applications 22(1):119-141. Available from: http://treesearch.fs.fed.us/pubs/40382
    • Loya-Rebollar E, Sáenz-Romero C, Lindig-Cisneros RA, Lobit P, Villegas-Moreno JA and Sánchez-Vargas NM. 2013. Clinal variation in Pinus hartwegii populations and its application for adaptation to climate change. Silvae Genetica 62(3):86-95. Available from: csaenzromero@gmail.com
    • Sáenz-Romero C, Rehfeldt GE, Duval P, Lindig-Cisneros P.  2012. Abies religiosa habitat prediction in climatic change scenarios and implications for monarch butterfly conservation in Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 275:98-106. Available from: http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/rmrs_2012_saenz_romero_c001.pdf?

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Recommendations

Other Relevant Publications

  • The Status of Temperate North American Forest Genetic Resources, Report No. 15
    Rogers, D.L. and Ledig, F.T. 1996
  • Andalo, C. Beaulieu, J. and Bousquet, J. 2005. The impact of climate change on growth of local white spruce populations in Québec , Canada . Forest Ecology and Management 205: 169-182. Available from: J. Beaulieu, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., Quebec , Quebec , Canada G1V 4C7 (Jean.Beaulieu@NRCan.gc.ca )
  • Beaulieu, J. and Rainville, A. 2005. Adaptation to climate change: Genetic variation is both a short- and a long-term solution. Forestry Chronicle 81(5): 704-709. Available from: J. Beaulieu, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., Quebec , Quebec , Canada G1V 4C7 (Jean.Beaulieu@NRCan.gc.ca)
  • St. Clair, J. B. and Howe, G.T. 2007. Genetic maladaptation of coastal Douglas-fir seedlings to future climates. Global Change Biology 13: 1441-1454. Available from: J.B. St. Clair, Pacific Northwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 3200 SW Jefferson Way , Corvallis , OR 97331-4401 . ( bstclair@fs.fed.us)
  • Jaramillo-Correa, J.P., Beaulieu, J., Khasa, D.P. and Bousquet J. 2009. Inferring the past from the present phylogeographic structure of North American forest trees: seeing the forest for the genes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 286-307. Available from: J. Beaulieu, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., Quebec, Quebec, Canada G1V 4C7 (Jean.Beaulieu@NRCan.gc.ca)
  • Sáenz-Romero C, Lamy JP, Loya-Rebollar E, Plaza-Aguilar A, Burlett R, Lobit P and Delzon S. 2013. Genetic variation of drought-induced cavitation resistance among Pinus hartwegii populations from an altitudinal gradient. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum Doi:10.1007/s11738-013-1321-y. Available from: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11738-013-1321-y
  • Sáenz-Romero C, Rehfeldt GE, Soto-Correa JC, Aguilar-Aguilar S, Zamarripa-Morales V,  López-Upton J. 2012. Altitudinal genetic variation among Pinus pseudostrobus populations from Michoacán, México; two location shadehouse test results. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana. 35(2):111-120. Available from: http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=61023300003

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Current Activities in Forest Genetics in Canada, Mexico and the United States

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