Title: Nonnative plants reviews in the Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)

Contact: Jane Kapler Smith, FEIS Team Leader

Funding source:          Joint Fire Science Program (Tasks 00-1-2-09 and 03-4-2-03)
                                    USDA Forest Service, Fire & Aviation Management

Agency contact: FEIS Advisory Committee (managers, staff experts, and biologists from all areas of the U.S. and all federal wildland management agencies—If interested in participating, please email jsmith09@fs.fed.us)

Description:
Information on the basic biology and fire ecology of 60 nonnative invasive plant species has been added to FEIS since 2001 (table 1). This effort increased the coverage of nonnative invasive plants in FEIS by about 40%, to 102 species as of Jan. 1, 2007 (www.fs.fed.use/database/feis/plants/weed/index.html). Managers use FEIS reviews of nonnative invasive species to address weed responses to wildland and prescribed fire, effects of weeds on fire regimes, and potential use of fire for control of weeds.
A list of Internet links regarding nonnative plants and fire was also added to FEIS during this project (www.fs.fed.use/database/feis/plants/weed/weedpage.html).

Publications:
Smith, Jane Kapler; Howard, Janet; McWilliams, Jack. 2004. Focus on invasive plants in the Fire Effects Information System. In: Engstrom, R. T.; Galley, K. E. M.; de Groot, W. J., eds. Proceedings of the 22nd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: fire in temperate, boreal, and montane ecosystems; 2001 October 15-18; Kananaskis Village, Alberta, Canada. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 137-140.

Other products: Final Report to Joint Fire Science Program, 3/20/2006

Table 1. Reviews of 60 nonnative invasive plant species completed for the Fire Effects Information System from 2001-2006. "N" indicates species new to FEIS, and "R" indicates species review completely rewritten in this project.

Genus species Common name No. spp. New (N) or Rewritten (R)
       
Acer platanoides Norway maple 1 N
Acroptilon repens (Centaurea repens) Russian knapweed 1 R
Ailanthus altissima tree-of-heaven 1 N
Alliaria petiolata garlic mustard 1 N
Arundo donax giant reed 1 R
Bromus tectorum cheatgrass 1 R
Cardaria draba, C. pubescens, C. chalapensis hoary cress species: lens-podded, heart-podded, globe-podded 3 R
Carduus nutans musk thistle 1 R
Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet 1 N
Centaurea diffusa diffuse knapweed 1 R
Centaurea maculosa (C. biebersteinii, C. stoebe ssp. micranthos) spotted knapweed 1 R
Centaurea solstitialis yellow starthistle 1 R
Chondrilla juncea rush skeletonweed 1 N
Cirsium arvense Canada thistle 1 R
Cirsium vulgare bull thistle 1 R
Convolvulus arvensis field bindweed 1 R
Cynoglossum officinale houndstongue 1 N
Cytisus scoparius, C. striatus Scotch broom, Portuguese broom 2 N
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian-olive 1 N
Elaeagnus umbellata autumn-olive 1 R
Genista monspessulana French broom 1 N
Hypericum perforatum common St. Johnswort 1 N
Imperata cylindrica, brasiliensis cogon grass, Brazilian satintail 2 N
Lepidium latifolium perennial pepperweed 1 R
Lespedeza cuneata sericea lespedeza 1 R
Ligustrum vulgare, L sinense, L. japonicum, L. amurense privet species: Amur privet, Japanese privet, Chinese privet, European privet 4 N
Linaria dalmatica, L. vulgaris toadflax species: Dalmatian, yellow 2 N
Lonicera fragrantissima, L. maackii, L. morrowii, L. tatarica, L. xylosteum, L. x bella bush honeysuckles: winter, Amur, Morrow's, Tatarian, European fly, Bell's 6 N
Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle 1 R
Lygodium japonicum, L. microphyllum climbing fern species: Japanese, Old World 2 N
Lythrum salicaria purple loosestrife 1 R
Melaleuca quinquenervia melaleuca 1 R
Microstegium vimineum Nepalese browntop 1 N
Potentilla recta sulphur cinquefoil 1 R
Pueraria montana var. lobata kudzu 1 R
Rosa multiflora multiflora rose 1 R
Schinus terebinthifolius Brazilian pepper 1 R
Sonchus arvensis perennial sowthistle 1 R
Sorghum halepense Johnson grass 1 R
Spartium junceum Spanish broom 1 N
Tamarix ramosissima, T. chinensis, T. parviflora, T. gallica saltcedar, French tamarisk, small-flowered tamarisk 4 N
Triadica sebifera (Sapium sebiferum) tallowtree 1 N
Ulex europaeus common gorse 1 N
       
Total no. species:   60  
       
No. literature reviews:   43  
No. reviews new to FEIS:   20  
No. reviews completely rewritten in FEIS:   23  

Delivery date: March 20, 2006

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