Jubilee Guard Station
Historically significant facilities are treated differently
than facilities that are not eligible for listing in the National Register
of Historic Places. Several regulations
and laws require us to give them special consideration.
Section 106 of the National Historic
Preservation Act (NHPA) requires consultation with the State Historic
Preservation Office (SHPO) [and in some cases the Advisory
Council on Historic Preservation ], and public scoping whenever there
is a Federal undertaking. Undertakings include, but are not limited to,
constructing additions, remodeling, licensing, demolishing, and permitting.
110 of the
NHPA (Page 28) directs us to use historic facilities "to the maximum
extent possible" before acquiring, constructing, or leasing new
111 of the NHPA (Page 32) requires us to implement alternatives for
surplus historic buildings when practicable, rather than demolishing
them. These alternatives include adaptive use, leasing, and exchange
for a comparable historic property.
Three Executive Orders also give special attention to historic facilities.
Order (EO) 11593 directs us to preserve, restore, and maintain our
historic facilities to certain standards. We must reconsider any plans
to transfer, sell, demolish, or substantially alter these properties.
If we want to move forward with those plans after reconsideration, we
must follow the Section 106 process and prepare detailed documentation
of the property.
The goal of Executive Order
(EO) 13006 is to revitalize city or town centers, particularly central
business districts. It requires us to remain or locate in these areas
when "operationally appropriate and economically prudent." Keep
this in mind when reviewing administrative sites located in these areas,
as it encourages us to remain there rather than move to outlying areas.
When locating new facilities, we must give priority to three options in
this order: 1) use historic properties within historic districts; 2) use
other developed or undeveloped sites within historic districts; and 3)
use historic properties outside of historic districts.
The Preserve America Executive
Order (EO) 13287 was signed March 3, 2003. It reinforces our preservation
responsibilities with an emphasis on promoting economic benefits through
heritage tourism and partnerships. To improve agency planning and accountability,
EO 13287 sets deadlines for us to report on how we are identifying, protecting,
and using historic properties.