Design and Analysis Tools for Inventory and Monitoring (DATIM)
The Design and Analysis Toolkit for Inventory and Monitoring (DATIM) (PDF, 2.7MB) project is a cross-deputy area effort sponsored by the EMC Director and the R&D’s National Inventory and Monitoring Application Center (NIMAC). The DATIM core team is comprised of both R&D and NFS staff members from resource inventory and forest planning programs. The DATIM project has two primary IT applications (DTIM and ATIM) that integrate existing national applications and make use of commercial software that is part of the agency software library.
- Design Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (DTIM) will assist national forests and grasslands in determining what potential monitoring questions can be answered based on available data. If estimates of current conditions and trends based on available data are inadequate, then DTIM helps the user cost-effectively determine the additional sampling needed to meet their unique precision and cost objectives.
- Analysis Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (ATIM) will enable employees to analyze vegetation data (including FIA and Regional supplements) to derive estimates of current conditions and trends on the Forest and surrounding landscapes. The tool could also be used to track trends in vegetation diversity trends at a broad scale for monitoring climate change effects.
In summary DATIM will:
- Help Forests cost-effectively implement monitoring and evaluation direction in the new forest planning regulations.
- Help Forests and Regions improve monitoring designs and data analyses by developing nationally consistent tools thereby making more efficient use of the hundreds of millions spent by the agency on monitoring each year.
- Help national forests and grasslands better document their monitoring needs, thereby enabling the agency to better communicate monitoring objectives and funding needs.
- Be integrated with existing corporate applications and datasets.
- Be useable in multiple program areas including forest planning, inventory and monitoring design, and national and regional monitoring efforts.
Field Evaluations (as of June 2011)
To date, the DATIM Core team has sponsored numerous two-day field evaluation sessions with Forest and Regional Office staff in every Region except Region 2. Project design and business requirements were modified in response to feedback received during these field reviews. The Team has been working closely with a nationally contracted development team to ensure the final set of tools meet their exact specifications and field-level user needs. Members of both teams have participated in many joint “storyboard” sessions designed to ensure the user interface and tool capabilities meet national and regional requirements and standards.
Three prototype models have been released and tested by field-level users. Coordination is ongoing with other existing applications such as NRIS Tools and FVS to ensure compatibility and cross-migration of input data and output tables. More details and background about the DATIM project can be found in the most recent PowerPoint presentation, Design and Analysis, Tools for Inventory & Monitoring: DATIM (.pdf, 2.4 MB) and in the Overview of the DATIM System.
Phase 4 of the DATIM development stage kicked off on July 1, 2015, and is scheduled for completion on January 1, 2016. DATIM 3.0 was released in production in late June 2015 and includes these components:
- Oracle 11G database installed on Windows 2008 Server R2
- DATIM data mart schema, populated with representative data
- DATIM data subset schema populated with representative data
- GUI for selecting data
- DTIM Subsystem
- 'Objectives,' 'Questions,' 'Metrics,' 'Area Info,' 'Precision,' and 'Sample Sizes' input forms
- Improved 'Module Editor' functionality
- Implemented user roles and permissions
- Bug fixes and cosmetic changes
- ATIM Subsystem
- ATIM is fully implemented in C# and Silverlight, with GI (Geospatial Interface) integration, as developed by the ATIM and GI Storyboard Subteams.
- Enhanced reporting capabilities, GIS and other data visualizing and data mining software.
- Ability to create reports for Down Woody Material (DWM) components
- Implemented checks to ensure compatibility between analyses and reports
- Availability of the bootstrap method in 'Run Options'
- Implemented user roles and permissions
- Improved report loading speed
- Ability to delete SIT attributes
- Bug fixes, cosmetic changes, and work flow improvements
- SIT/GI Subsystem
- The C# version of SIT is fully implemented and incorporates GI functionality via web services.
- SIT runs as both a web application using ArcGIS server and a PC ArcGIS ArcObjects application and is designed to work with spatial data located locally and remotely on intranets/internet.
- SIT includes enhanced spatial querying and reporting capabilities using GIS and other data visualizing and data mining techniques.
- SIT is integrated into ATIM to provide spatial querying for analysis.
- DATIM Compilation Subsystem (DCS)
- Selection of plots for DCS - Selection from data mart or DATIM subset.
- Implementation of a user interface to enable selection of data from Proxy data mart or DATIM subset for compilation based on:
- Spatial Attributes
- Temporal Attributes
- Columnar Attributes
- Selection of compilations, models, columns to be populated, etc., to be run with plots of interest.
- Implementation of a new user interface to enable selection of compilations to be run.
- FVS (Forest Vegetation Simulator) and/or Regional compilations can be run, output evaluated, and results loaded into data mart by Regional Administrator or a DATIM Subset for use with ATIM, DTIM, etc. Currently, any compilations that the FVS Compilation Library does not include will have to be added to the data mart library. The data mart and Regional administrators can add routines at user request.
Schedule of Work
- April 2013 - Release DATIM Pilot v1.0 in the production environment.
- June 2014 - Release DATIM Pilot 1.5 in the production environment.
- January 2015 - Release DATIM 2.0 in the production environment.
- April 2015 - Release DATIM 2.1 in the production environment.
- July 2015 - Release DATIM 3.0 in the production environment.
- January 2016 - Release DATIM 4.0 in the production environment.
- July 2016 - Release DATIM 5.0 in the production environment.
Phase 4 Schedule
- July 1, 2015 - Phase 4 begins.
- September 30, 2015 - Complete Phase 4 tasks .
- October 1-23, 2015 - Beta testing.
- October 30, 2015 - Code freeze.
- November 2-16. 2015 - QA test release candidate (PHE).
- November 19. 2015 - Start push to PROD and begin Phase 5 planning.
- January 1, 2016 - Release DATIM 4.0 in PROD.
List of Participants
Project Leadership Team
- Charles “Chip” Scott - Core Team Leader, USFS, NIMAC
- Elizabeth LaPoint - Co-Core Team Leader, USFS, NRS, FIA
- Gretchen Andrew - Development Project Manager, University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)
USFS Core Team
- Renate Bush - Region 1, RO
- Carlos Ramirez - Region 5, RO
- Jim Alegria - NFS, WO, Forest Management
- Don Vandendriesche - Region 3, RO
- David Meriwether - Region 8, RO
- Ken Brewer - R&D, WO (Retired)
- Elizabeth LaPoint - FIA - NRS
- Randall S Morin - FIA - NRS
- Leah Rathbun - Region 6, RO
- Rhonda Mathison - Regions 5 & 6, RO
UNLV and USFS Developers Team
- Ervin “Skeeter” Czimskey - UNLV, Systems Analyst/Programmer
- Gary Brand - UNLV, Systems Analyst/Programmer
- Brian Cordova - UNLV, Systems Analyst/Programmer
- Jim Pollard - UNLV, Program Director
- Bryan L Lanier - FIA - RMRS, IT Specialist
- Marcus D McElhaney - Region 5, RO, Systems Analyst/Programmer
- Joseph D Zeiler - Region 1, Systems Analyst/Programmer, Planning
- Mike Schanta - UNLV (USFS Retired)
- Winnie David - UNLV, Research Assistant
Design and Analysis, Tools for Inventory & Monitoring: DATIM (.pdf, 2.4 MB)
This PowerPoint presentation provides an overview of DATIM, describing the background, vision, objectives, and approach to the development of DATIM. It then describes the toolkit itself focusing on the Design and Analysis tools, their use and characteristics. Then it presents the 15 monitoring steps from developing the monitoring objectives and questions, through design, data collection, analysis, reporting and decision making. It concludes with a description of the benefits of DATIM.
2012 NFMA Forest Planning Rule, § 219.12 Monitoring (.pdf, 676 KB)
This PowerPoint presentation shows how the DATIM system will contribute toward meeting the monitoring requirements in the latest planning rule, under development pending release of the 2012 forest planning regulations.
Design Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (DTIM) (.pdf, 1.7 MB)
This presentation goes into more detail on the Design Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (DTIM). It describes its uses, provides a diagram of DTIM’s roles within DATIM, and then describes the first 9 monitoring steps in greater detail with examples.
Analysis Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (ATIM) (.pdf, 952 KB)
This is a brief presentation on the Analytical Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (ATIM). It describes the need for ATIM and the steps for using it.
Publications of Interest
Resource Information Group (RIG), Ecosystem Management Coordination (EMC), USDA Forest Service. 2014. Design and Analysis Tools for Inventory and Monitoring User Guide DATIM Version 1.5 (PDF, 15.6 MB). Washington, DC. Updated August 14, 2104. 283 pp.
Scott, Charles T. 2009. Overview of the National Inventory and Monitoring Applications Center (NIMAC). P.223-229 in Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Symposium 2008 (PDF, 33.1 MB). McWilliams, Will, Moisen, Gretchen, and Czaplewski, Ray (eds.).U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ft. Collins, CO. RMRS-P-56CD.
Scott, Charles T., Bush, Renate, and Brewer, Ken. 2009. Design Tool for Inventory and Monitoring. P.230-237 in Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Symposium 2008 (PDF, 33.1 MB). McWilliams, Will, Moisen, Gretchen, and Czaplewski, Ray (eds.).USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. RMRS-P-56CD.
Lister, Andrew, Scott, Charles T., and Rasmussen, Steve. 2011. Inventory methods for trees in nonforest areas in the Great Plains states. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Online First - SpringerLink.
Lister, Andrew, Scott, Charles T., and Rasmussen, Steve. 2009. Inventory of Trees in Nonforest Areas in the Great Plains States. P.237-243 in Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Symposium 2008 (PDF, 33.1 MB). McWilliams, Will, Moisen, Gretchen, and Czaplewski, Ray (eds.). USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. RMRS-P-56CD.
Morin, Randall S., Prichard, Teague, Everson, Vern, Westfall, James A., and Scott, Charles T. 2009. Wisconsin State Forests Continuous Forest Inventory: A Look at the First Year. P.259-268 in Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Symposium 2008 (PDF, 33.1 MB). McWilliams, Will, Moisen, Gretchen, and Czaplewski, Ray (eds.).USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO. RMRS-P-56CD.
Lister, Andrew J. and Scott, Charles T. 2009. Use of space-filling curves to select sample locations in natural resource monitoring studies. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 149:71-80.
McRoberts, Ronald E., Bechtold, William A., Patterson, Paul L., Scott, Charles T., and Reams, Gregory A. 2005. The enhanced Forest Inventory and Analysis Program of the USDA Forest Service: Historical perspective and announcement of statistical documentation. Journal of Forestry 103(6):304-308.
Bechtold, William A. and Patterson, Paul L. 2005. The enhanced Forest Inventory and Analysis program - national sampling design and estimation procedures. General Technical Report SRS-80. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC. 85 p.
Tool Prototypes with Tutorials
- Design Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (DTIM) (Microsoft Excel (2007) spreadsheet, .xls, 622 KB)
- EVALIDatorPC (.zip, 20.6 MB) - the prototype of the Analytical Tool for Inventory and Monitoring (ATIM). DATIM’s version of EVALIDator is embedded in a Microsoft Access (2007) database. The data are from the USFS Forest Inventory & Analysis of Alaska.
The following four documents were developed over several years to identify all of the business requirements of the DATIM system tools. The information in these documents is being used by the Development Team as a means of understanding what the Core Team expects from the tools and the environment within which the user will operate the tools to conduct analyses.