USDA Forest Service

Invasive Plants


FEIS provides updated scientific and technical information about interactions between fire and plant species that have been identified as invasive in at least some locations. Most of the species on this list are nonnative in the United States. These species reviews include as much information as was available at the time of publication on:

  • The role of fire in enabling plant invasions
  • Altered fire regimes following plant invasion
  • The use of fire to control plant invasions
  • Background information on taxonomy, species distribution, basic biology and ecology, and management

Invasive species summaries:

Information about fire and nonnative and invasive species is often sparse in the scientific literature. Also, the source of the information given may be unclear, making it difficult to judge the reliability or scope of inference of this information. Two analyses of knowledge gaps regarding fire and invasive species are available in FEIS:

Gucker, Corey L.; Zouhar, Kris; Smith, Jane Kapler; Stone, Katharine R. 2012. Characteristics of information available on fire and invasive plants in the eastern United States. Fire Ecology. 8(2): 57-81.

Zouhar, Kristin; Munger, Gregory T.; Smith, Jane Kapler. 2008. Gaps in scientific knowledge about fire and nonnative invasive plants. In: Zouhar, Kristin; Smith, Jane Kapler; Sutherland, Steve; Brooks, Matthew L., eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Fire and nonnative invasive plants. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 6. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 243-260.

Because our emphasis is primarily fire and FEIS does not include all invasive species of interest, FEIS users are encouraged to explore other websites for additional information about nonnative invasive species.

Some other sites with information on biology and control of invasive species:

Center for Invasive Plant Management Provides information and opportunities to promote ecology-based management of weeds in western North America
Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health Archives high-quality images of invasive species to be used for educational purposes also provides links to many other invasive species websites, management guides, and distribution maps
Biological Control: A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America Contains photographs and descriptions of biological control agents in North America
Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System Delivers up-to-date distributions of invasive plants by soliciting volunteer observations and combining data from other databases and organizations
Ecology and Management of Invasive Plants Conducts and publishes research on how invasive species can or are impacting native ecosystems and species
Extension Toxicology Network Gives information about pesticides, developed by extension service toxicologists and chemists
Global Invasive Species Team Features links to the websites that house species management abstracts, management plans, and photos produced by the Nature Conservancy's invasive species staff
Invaders Database System Provides and maintains updated distribution information for invasive species occurring in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, or Wyoming
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England Focuses on gathering and providing data that facilitate early detection and rapid management responses of invasive plants
National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils Provides links to regional and state EPPCs, which are designed to connect natural resource managers, scientists, and others interested in sharing tools for the management of invasive plant populations
Plants Database Provides standarized information about North American plants that includes images, characteristics, taxonomy, distribution data, legal status, and relevant references
United States Environmental Protection Agency Describes the actitivity, restrictions, and risks associated with pesticides
United States Fish and Wildlife Service Provides management and program information about invasive species that do or may impact fish, wildlife, or native plants
Weeds Gone Wild Provides information on invasive species that affect natural areas; information includes plant descriptions, native and nonnative distributions, and management options
International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds Gathers and provides information about herbicide-resistant weeds to monitor their evolution and assess their global impacts

FEIS Invasive Plants List



Thanks to the Joint Fire Science Program for supporting this web page and to


The Nature Conservancy for their partnership on this project



USDA Forest Service - FEIS