Index of Species Information

SPECIES:  Rosa nutkana


Introductory

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Reed, William R. 1993. Rosa nutkana. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [].

ABBREVIATION : ROSNUT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : RONU COMMON NAMES : Nootka rose common rose wild rose TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of Nootka rose is Rosa nutkana Presl. Recognized varieties are as follows [17,19]: Rosa nutkana var. nutkana R. nutkana var. hispida Fern. R. nutkana var. muriculata (Greene) G. N. Jones R. nutkana var. setosa G. N. Jones. LIFE FORM : Shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER STATUS : NO-ENTRY

DISTRIBUTION AND OCCURRENCE

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Nootka rose is distributed from Alaska south to California and east to western Montana and New Mexico [17,19]. ECOSYSTEMS : FRES20 Douglas-fir FRES21 Ponderosa pine FRES23 Fir - spruce FRES24 Hemlock - Sitka spruce FRES26 Lodgepole pine FRES27 Redwood FRES28 Western hardwoods FRES29 Sagebrush FRES36 Mountain grasslands FRES38 Plains grasslands STATES : AK AZ CA CO ID MT NV NM OR UT WA WY AB BC BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS : 1 Northern Pacific Border 2 Cascade Mountains 3 Southern Pacific Border 4 Sierra Mountains 5 Columbia Plateau 6 Upper Basin and Range 8 Northern Rocky Mountains 9 Middle Rocky Mountains 10 Wyoming Basin 11 Southern Rocky Mountains 12 Colorado Plateau KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS : K002 Cedar - hemlock - Douglas-fir forest K003 Silver fir - Douglas-fir forest K004 Fir - hemlock forest K005 Mixed conifer forest K006 Redwood forest K008 Lodgepole pine - subalpine forest K010 Ponderosa shrub forest K011 Western ponderosa forest K012 Douglas-fir forest K015 Western spruce - fir forest K016 Eastern ponderosa forest K018 Pine - Douglas-fir forest K019 Arizona pine forest K020 Spruce - fir - Douglas-fir forest K021 Southwestern spruce - fir forest K022 Great Basin pine forest K024 Juniper steppe woodland K026 Oregon oakwoods K028 Mosaic of K002 and K026 K029 California mixed evergreen forest K030 California oakwoods K050 Fescue - wheatgrass K051 Wheatgrass - bluegrass K055 Sagebrush steppe K063 Foothills prairie K064 Grama - needlegrass - wheatgrass SAF COVER TYPES : 201 White spruce 203 Balsam poplar 205 Mountain hemlock 210 Interior Douglas-fir 211 White fir 217 Aspen 218 Lodgepole pine 220 Rocky Mountain juniper 222 Black cottonwood - willow 223 Sitka spruce 224 Western hemlock 225 Western hemlock - Sitka spruce 226 Coastal true fir - hemlock 227 Western redcedar - western hemlock 228 Western redcedar 229 Pacific Douglas-fir 230 Douglas-fir - western hemlock 232 Redwood 235 Cottonwood - willow 237 Interior ponderosa pine 238 Western juniper 244 Pacific ponderosa pine - Douglas-fir 245 Pacific ponderosa pine 247 Jeffrey pine 256 California mixed subalpine SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : NO-ENTRY HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Nootka rose is listed as a dominant understory shrub in the following publication: Plant communities and soils of north slopes in the palouse region of eastern Washington and northern Idaho [2]. Common plant associates of Nootka rose include common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus), red-osier dogwood (Cornus sericea), trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides), and black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa) [2,5].

MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Nootka rose is important wildlife browse. Mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, caribou, bighorn sheep, bears, coyotes, and various rodents eat the fruits. Squirrels, mice, beavers, and porcupines eat the twigs and leaves [1,4,14]. PALATABILITY : Nootka rose fruits are preferred by deer, elk, and squirrels [3,14]. NUTRITIONAL VALUE : NO-ENTRY COVER VALUE : Nootka rose thickets are used for nesting and escape cover by birds and small mammals [14]. Nootka rose provides good cover for waterfowl in Wyoming [8]. VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : Nootka rose has successfully been used for rehabilitating disturbed sites at Columbia River Gorge, Oregon [23]. OTHER USES AND VALUES : NO-ENTRY OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : In a Douglas-fir/ninebark (Pseudotsuga menziesii/Physocarpus malvaceus) habitat type in Idaho, Nootka rose cover was greater on disturbed sites than on undisturbed sites. Average cover was highest (7.7 percent) on grazed sites [7]. In 16- to 20-year-old lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) regeneration in northeastern Utah, Nootka rose productivity was little affected by thinning or clearcutting [3]. Spring and fall foliar applications of herbicides control Rosa species [14].

BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Nootka rose is a native, deciduous, perennial shrub 3 to 6 feet (0.9-1.8 m) tall with erect or trailing stems. Nootka rose reaches its maximum height within 10 years. Stems and branches are prickly to unarmed. Leaves are compound and have five to seven leaflets. The fruits contain several long, hairy achenes. Roots are deep. Nootka rose has rhizomes [13,14,17]. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Phanerophyte Chamaephyte Geophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Sexual: Nootka rose attains sexual maturity at 2 to 5 years of age. Good seed crops are produced about every other year. Nootka rose is a seedbanking species. Seeds exhibit seedcoat dormancy and require a combination of warm and cold stratification or mechanical disturbance for germination. Seeds are dispersed by birds and mammals [13,14]. Asexual: Nootka rose sprouts from the root crown and rhizomes [13,14]. SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Nootka rose is commonly found in moderately dry to moist climates in submontane to montane zones. It occurs on nitrogen-rich, fresh to very moist soils. It frequently occurs in floodplains, open streambanks, and meadows [24]. It is sporadic in open-canopy forests with fluctuating groundwater tables. It is occasionally found on brackish-water sites or sites exposed to ocean spray [15]. Nootka rose grows best at pH ranges of 5.6 to 7.0. It thrives on moderately fertile, well-drained clayey-loam, sandy-loam, or sandy soils [14]. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS : Nootka rose is tolerant of both sun and shade. It shows increased growth and fruit production with increasing light. Nootka rose increases in cover with canopy closure, but may produce less fruit [14]. SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT : Nootka rose flowers from May through July [8,19]. Fruits ripen in early fall and remain on the plant through winter [13].

FIRE ECOLOGY

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : Nootka rose sprouts from rhizomes and root crowns following fire. It also regenerates from onsite or transported seed [14]. POSTFIRE REGENERATION STRATEGY : Small shrub, adventitious-bud root crown Rhizomatous shrub, rhizome in soil Ground residual colonizer (on-site, initial community) Initial-offsite colonizer (off-site, initial community)

FIRE EFFECTS

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : Nootka rose is top-killed by fire. Shallowly buried root crowns and rhizomes of Rosa species, including Nootka rose, may be killed by severe fire [14]. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT : NO-ENTRY PLANT RESPONSE TO FIRE : Nootka rose may increase or decrease following fire. Rosa species of British Columbia, including Nootka rose, usually initially decrease in cover after wildfire. Cover gradually increases, and then declines again as the canopy closes [14]. In a Douglas-fir/ninebark habitat type in Idaho, Nootka rose cover was greater on burned sites or sites logged and then burned than on undisturbed sites. Cover was less, however, than on logged or grazed sites [7]. In aspen and aspen-mixed conifer stands in Idaho and Wyoming, prescribed fires of low to high severity caused a decrease in cover of Nootka and Wood's rose (Rosa woodsii) in postfire year 1. Rose biomass in postfire year 2 was near prefire levels [25]. In Washington and Oregon, burning had little effect on abundance of Nootka rose. Multiple fires can significantly reduce cover of rose species [14]. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF PLANT RESPONSE : The Research Project Summary Understory recovery after low- and high-intensity fires in northern Idaho ponderosa pine forests provides information on prescribed fire and postfire response of plant community species including Nootka rose. FIRE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : NO-ENTRY

REFERENCES

SPECIES: Rosa nutkana
REFERENCES : 1. Allen, Eugene O. 1968. Range use, foods, condition, and productivity of white-tailed deer in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management. 32(1): 130-141. [16331] 2. Aller, Alvin R.; Fosberg, Maynard A.; LaZelle, Monta C.; Falen, Anita L. 1981. Plant communities and soils of north slopes in the Palouse region of eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Northwest Science. 55(4): 248-262. [2823] 3. Austin, D. D.; Urness, Philip J. 1982. Vegetal responses and big game values after thinning regenerating lodgepole pine. Great Basin Naturalist. 42(4): 512-516. [8354] 4. Austin, D. D.; Hash, A. B. 1988. Minimizing browsing damage by deer: Landscape planning for wildlife. Utah Science. Fall: 66-70. [6341] 5. Bell, Jack H.; Lauer, Jerry L.; Peek, James M. 1992. Habitat use patterns of white-tailed deer, Umatilla River, Oregon. Northwest Science. 66(3): 160-171. [19276] 6. Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p. [434] 7. Cholewa, Anita F.; Johnson, Frederic D. 1983. Secondary succession in the Pseudotsuga menziesii/Phyaocarpus malvaceus association. Northwest Science. 57(4): 273-282. [11402] 8. Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p. [806] 9. Erlanson, Eileen Whitehead. 1934. Experimental data for a revision of the North American wild roses. Botanical Gazette. 96(2): 197-259. [12434] 10. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 148 p. [905] 11. Fonda, R. W. 1974. Forest succession in relation to river terrace development in Olympic National Park, Washington. Ecology. 55(5): 927-942. [6746] 12. Garrison, George A.; Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Duncan, Don A.; [and others]. 1977. Vegetation and environmental features of forest and range ecosystems. Agric. Handb. 475. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 68 p. [998] 13. Gill, John D.; Pogge, Franz L. 1974. Rosa L. Rose. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States. Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 732-737. [7742] 14. Haeussler, S.; Coates, D.; Mather, J. 1990. Autecology of common plants in British Columbia: A literature review. Economic and Regional Development Agreement FRDA Rep. 158. Victoria, BC: Forestry Canada, Pacific Forestry Centre; British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Research Branch. 272 p. [18033] 15. Klinka, K.; Krajina, V. J.; Ceska, A.; Scagel, A. M. 1989. Indicator plants of coastal British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press. 288 p. [10703] 16. Kuchler, A. W. 1964. Manual to accompany the map of potential vegetation of the conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36. New York: American Geographical Society. 77 p. [1384] 17. Lackschewitz, Klaus. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central Montana--identification guidebook. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-227. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 648 p. [13798] 18. Lepofsky, Dana; Turner, Nancy J.; Kuhnlein, Harriet V. 1985. Determining the availability of traditional wild plant foods: an example of Nuxalk foods, Bella Coola, British Columbia. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 16: 223-241. [7002] 19. Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1905 p. [6155] 20. Raunkiaer, C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 632 p. [2843] 21. Stickney, Peter F. 1989. Seral origin of species originating in northern Rocky Mountain forests. Unpublished draft on file at: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT; RWU 4403 files. 7 p. [20090] 22. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982. National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names. SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p. [11573] 23. Youtie, Berta. 1991. Native plants delight visitors at Columbia Gorge plot. Park Science. 11(4): 4-5. [18183] 24. Taylor, R. F. 1932. The successional trend and its relation to second-growth forests in southeastern Alaska. Ecology. 13(4): 381-391. [10007] 25. Brown, James K.; DeByle, Norbert V. 1989. Effects of prescribed fire on biomass and plant succession in western aspen. Res. Pap. INT-412. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 16 p. [9286]


FEIS Home Page