Index of Species Information

SPECIES:  Eurybia conspicua

Introductory

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Reed, William R. 1993. Eurybia conspicua. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ []. ABBREVIATION : EURCON SYNONYMS : Aster conspicuus Lindl. [10,14,28] SCS PLANT CODE : ASCO3 COMMON NAMES : showy aster conspicuous aster creeping aster TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of showy aster is Eurybia conspicua (Lindl.) Nesom [29,30]. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. LIFE FORM : Forb FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER STATUS : NO-ENTRY

DISTRIBUTION AND OCCURRENCE

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Showy aster is distributed from Yukon Territory east to Saskatchewan, south to northern Wyoming, and west to northeastern Oregon [10,14]. ECOSYSTEMS :    FRES20  Douglas-fir    FRES21  Ponderosa pine    FRES22  Western white pine    FRES23  Fir - spruce    FRES25  Larch    FRES26  Lodgepole pine    FRES29  Sagebrush STATES :      ID  MT  OR  WA  WY  AB  BC  SK  YT BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS :     2  Cascade Mountains     5  Columbia Plateau     8  Northern Rocky Mountains     9  Middle Rocky Mountains    16  Upper Missouri Basin and Broken Lands KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS :    K002  Cedar - hemlock - Douglas-fir forest    K004  Fir - hemlock forest    K008  Lodgepole pine - subalpine forest    K010  Ponderosa shrub forest    K011  Western ponderosa forest    K012  Douglas-fir forest    K013  Cedar - hemlock - pine forest    K014  Grand fir - Douglas-fir forest    K015  Western spruce - fir forest    K055  Sagebrush steppe SAF COVER TYPES :    201  White spruce    205  Mountain hemlock    206  Engelmann spruce - subalpine fir    207  Red fir    210  Interior Douglas-fir    211  White fir    212  Western larch    213  Grand fir    215  Western white pine    218  Lodgepole pine    219  Limber pine    237  Interior ponderosa pine    251  White spruce - aspen SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : NO-ENTRY HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Common plant associates of showy aster include heartleaf arnica (Arnica cordifolia), Lindley aster (Aster ciliolatus), pinegrass (Calamagrostis rubescens), white spiraea (Spiraea betulifolia), huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.), and elk sedge (Carex geyeri).

MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Showy aster is a common constituent of summer diets of black bear in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) forests of Alberta [11]. Showy aster is preferred forage for grizzly bears in the Bob Marshall Wilderness Area, northwestern Montana [17]. PALATABILITY : Showy aster provides valuable forage for deer, elk, cattle, and domestic sheep in Idaho and British Columbia [18,21]. NUTRITIONAL VALUE : NO-ENTRY COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : Showy aster is low in resistance to repeated human trampling, but it may recover rapidly.  In montane grassland in Montana, showy aster cover increased more than 30 percent between the end of August and the following June [3]. OTHER USES AND VALUES : NO-ENTRY OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : Showy aster cover decreased from 4.4 to 0.7 percent under heavy grazing in a Douglas-fir forest in northern Idaho [27].  It also declined in abundance and vigor following heavy grazing in a Douglas-fir vegetation type in British Columbia [25], and decreased to 0.0 percent frequency following 12 years of heavy grazing in a mountain meadow community in northern Idaho [15]. Showy aster increased following clearcutting in a Douglas-fir/ninebark (Physocarpus malvaceus) habitat type in western Montana [1].

BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Showy aster is a native, perennial herb.  Its peduncle is 1 to 2 feet (30-60 cm) tall, and it usually has several shorter sterile stems arising from extensive creeping rhizomes [14].  Rhizomes grow 0.5 to 2.0 inches (0.5-5 cm) below the soil surface [4].  Flowers are borne in an open, flat-topped inflorescence [10,14]. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM :       Geophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Sexual:  Showy aster reproduces by seed.  Seeds are wind dispersed long distances and can germinate on bare soil [5,18,20]. Asexual:  Showy aster sprouts from extensive, creeping rhizomes [4,18]. SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Showy aster occurs in continental boreal and cool-temperate climates on moderately dry soils.  It is a common interior species on "water shedding" sites [12].  It is most common in montane zones, but is also found in forested areas of valley and lower subalpine zones [14].  In Wyoming showy aster occurs from 5,500 to 9,000 feet (1,667-2,727 m) elevation.  In Montana it is found from 3,000 to 7,100 feet (910-2,152 m) elevation [6]. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS : Facultative Seral Species Showy aster is tolerant of both sun and shade.  Small colonies typically establish following stand-destroying fires or clearcutting and site scarification [20,22].  Showy aster produces more vegetative growth and fewer flowering stems with increasing shade in later succession [14]. It can, however, maintain extensive colonies beneath pine (Pinus spp.) and open Douglas-fir canopies.  It is an indicator of late seres in Douglas fir/ninebark (Physocarpus malvaceus) habitat types of central Idaho [20]. SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT : Showy aster flowers in late summer throughout its range [14].

FIRE ECOLOGY

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : Showy aster is moderately resistant to fire, typically sprouting from surviving rhizomes.  Rhizomes usually survive light- to moderate-severity fires that do not cause excessive soil heating [4,8]. After fire, showy aster also regenerates from wind-dispersed and soil-stored seed [5,20,24].  Growth is stimulated after fire, resulting in mass flowering in the first few postfire years [22,23,24]. POSTFIRE REGENERATION STRATEGY :    Rhizomatous herb, rhizome in soil    Ground residual colonizer (on-site, initial community)    Initial-offsite colonizer (off-site, initial community)    Secondary colonizer - on-site seed

FIRE EFFECTS

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : Showy aster is top-killed by fire.  Because rhizomes often survive, the species has been classified as moderately resistant to fire [8]. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT : NO-ENTRY PLANT RESPONSE TO FIRE : Showy aster increases rapidly after fire [16,18].  Showy aster exhibits mass flowering in postfire years 1 and 2.  The extent of flowering is directly related to prefire abundance and postfire survivorship [22,23,24].  Showy aster frequency increased from 8 percent before fire to 20 percent 2 years after a moderate-severity fire in a Douglas-fir forest in Idaho.  By postfire year 7, showy aster frequency increased to 52 percent [16].  Following the 1977 Pattee Canyon Fire in Missoula, Montana, showy aster cover was 1.4 percent in 1978 and 2.0 percent in 1982 [16]. On ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir communities in the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon, showy aster frequency and cover were higher on sites that had been thinned 6 years previously than on prescribed burned, thinned-and-burned, or control sites. Showy aster was determined to be an indicator species for thinned sites (P0.05). For further information on the effects of thinning and burning treatments on showy aster and 48 other species, see the Research Project Summary of Youngblood and others' [50] study. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF PLANT RESPONSE : Lyon's Research Paper and the following Research Project Summaries also provide information on prescribed fire use and postfire response of plant community species including showy aster: FIRE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : NO-ENTRY

REFERENCES

SPECIES: Eurybia conspicua
REFERENCES :  1.  Arno, Stephen F.; Simmerman, Dennis G.; Keane, Robert E. 1985. Forest        succession on four habitat types in western Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-177. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 74 p.  [349]  2.  Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals,        reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's        associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO:        U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p.        [434]  3.  Cole, David N. 1988. Disturbance and recovery of trampled montane        grassland and forests in Montana. Res. Pap. INT-389. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 37 p.  [3622]  4.  Crane, M. F.; Fischer, William C. 1986. Fire ecology of the forest        habitat types of central Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-218. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 85 p.  [5297]  5.  Crane, M. F.; Habeck, James R.; Fischer, William C. 1983. Early postfire        revegetation in a western Montana Douglas-fir forest. Res. Pap. INT-319.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 29 p. plus chart.  [710]  6.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]  7.  Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and        Canada. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 148 p.  [905]  8.  Fischer, William C.; Bradley, Anne F. 1987. Fire ecology of western        Montana forest habitat types. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-223. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 95 p.  [633]  9.  Garrison, George A.; Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Duncan, Don A.; [and others].        1977. Vegetation and environmental features of forest and range        ecosystems. Agric. Handb. 475. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 68 p.  [998] 10.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168] 11.  Holcroft, Anne C.; Herrero, Stephen. 1991. Black bear, Ursus americanus,        food habits in southwestern Alberta. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 105(3):        335-345.  [18673] 12.  Klinka, K.; Krajina, V. J.; Ceska, A.; Scagel, A. M. 1989. Indicator        plants of coastal British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: University of British        Columbia Press. 288 p.  [10703] 13.  Kuchler, A. W. 1964. Manual to accompany the map of potential vegetation        of the conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36. New York:        American Geographical Society. 77 p.  [1384] 14.  Lackschewitz, Klaus. 1991. Vascular plants of west-central        Montana--identification guidebook. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-227. Ogden, UT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 648 p.  [13798] 15.  Leege, Thomas A.; Herman, Daryl J.; Zamora, Benjamin. 1981. Effects of        cattle grazing on mountain meadows in Idaho. Journal of Range        Management. 34(4): 324-328.  [2961] 16.  Lyon, L. Jack. 1966. Initial vegetal development following prescribed        burning of Douglas-fir in south-central Idaho. Res. Pap. INT-29. Ogden,        UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 17 p.  [1494] 17.  Mace, Richard D. 1986. Analysis of grizzly bear habitat in the Bob        Marshall Wilderness, Montana. In: Contreras, Glen P.; Evans, Keith E,        compilers. Proceedings--grizzly bear habitat symposium; 1985 April 30 -        May 2; Missoula, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-207. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 136-149.        [10814] 18.  McLean, Alastair. 1968. Fire resistance of forest species as influenced        by root systems. Journal of Range Management. 22: 120-122.  [1621] 19.  Raunkiaer, C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant        geography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 632 p.  [2843] 20.  Steele, Robert; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen. 1989. The Douglas-fir/ninebark        habitat type in central Idaho: succession and management. Gen. Tech.        Rep. INT-252. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Research Station. 65 p.  [8136] 21.  Steele, Robert; Geier-Hayes, Kathleen. 1993. The Douglas-fir/pinegrass        habitat type in central Idaho: succession and management. Gen. Tech.        Rep. INT-298. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Research Station. 83 p.  [21512] 22.  Stickney, Peter F. 1980. Data base for post-fire succession, first 6 to        9 years, in Montana larch-fir forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-62. Ogden,        UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 133 p.  [6583] 23.  Stickney, Peter. 1989. After forest wildfire, then what?  .... Masses of        flowers!. Words on Wilderness:  The Newsletter of the Wilderness Studies        Information Center. Missoula, MT: University of Montana: 6.  [17441] 24.  Stickney, Peter F. 1989. Seral origin of species originating in northern        Rocky Mountain forests. Unpublished draft on file at: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Fire        Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT; RWU 4403 files. 7 p.  [20090] 25.  Tisdale, E. W.; McLean, A. 1957. The douglas-fir zone of southern        interior British Columbia. Ecological Monographs. 27(3): 247-266.        [8866] 26.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982.        National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names.        SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p.  [11573] 27.  Zimmerman, G. T.; Neuenschwander, L. F. 1984. Livestock grazing        influences on community structure, fire intensity, and fire frequency        within the Douglas-fir/ninebark habitat type. Journal of Range        Management. 37(2): 104-110.  [10103] 28.  Chambers, Kenton L.; Sundberg, Scott. 2001. Oregon vascular plant checklist:        Asteraceae, [Online]. In: Oregon Flora Project. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State        University (Producer). Available:        http://oregonflora.org/asterlist/Asteraceae.html [2005, October 18].  [54819] 29.  Nesom, G. L. 1994. Review of the taxonomy of Aster sensu lato (Asteraceae:        Astereae), emphasizing the New World species. Phytologia. 77: 259. [54820] 30.  Kartesz, John T.; Meacham, Christopher A. 1999. Synthesis of the North American       flora (Windows Version 1.0), [CD-ROM]. Available: North Carolina Botanical       Garden. In cooperation with the Nature Conservancy, Natural Resources       Conservation Service, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [2001, January 16].       [36715]     31.  Youngblood, Andrew; Metlen, Kerry L.; Coe, Kent.  2006. Changes in stand structure        and composition after restoration treatments in low elevation dry forests of        northeastern Oregon. Forest Ecology and Management. 234(1-3): 143-163.  [64992]                                                                                                


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