Index of Species Information

SPECIES:  Botrychium paradoxum

Introductory

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Williams, Tara Y. 1990. Botrychium paradoxum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [].
ABBREVIATION : BOTPAR SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : NO-ENTRY COMMON NAMES : peculiar moonwort TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of peculiar moonwort is Botrychium paradoxum Wagner. LIFE FORM : Fern or Fern Ally FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : None [9] OTHER STATUS : USFS Region 1 status: MT - sensitive list [8] Montana status: threatened [8] Globally, peculiar moonwort is critically imperiled [7].


DISTRIBUTION AND OCCURRENCE

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Peculiar moonwort is a regional endemic which occurs near the Continental Divide in Montana and adjacent Alberta [5,10]. In Montana it occurs in Deer Lodge, Glacier, and Flathead counties [5]. ECOSYSTEMS : FRES23 Fir - spruce FRES26 Lodgepole pine STATES : MT AB BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS : 8 Northern Rocky Mountains KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS : K008 Lodgepole pine - subalpine forest K015 Western spruce - fir forest SAF COVER TYPES : 206 Engelmann spruce - subalpine fir 218 Lodgepole pine SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : NO-ENTRY HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : NO-ENTRY

MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : NO-ENTRY PALATABILITY : NO-ENTRY NUTRITIONAL VALUE : NO-ENTRY COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : NO-ENTRY OTHER USES AND VALUES : NO-ENTRY OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : Populations of this species may not persist for long periods of time. Trampling and other mechanical damage should be deterred.

BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Peculiar moonwort grows 1 to 6 inches (3-15 cm) tall. The leafless stem bears spore sacs that are 1 mm in diameter. The leaf in this species is unique in that the sterile segment is replaced by a second fertile segment [8,10]. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Undisturbed State: Hemicryptophyte Burned or Clipped State: Hemicryptophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : NO-ENTRY SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Peculiar moonwort grows in open meadows to dense stands of tall herbs in foothill and subalpine zones. It is often on disturbed sites from 4,000 to 8,000 feet (1,200-2,450 m). It is difficult to distinguish from similar species with which it occurs. It grows larger in open than in shaded stands. It has been found on moist drainages, grassy slopes, near lake shores, and on rotting plant material under dense cover. It is associated with lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii), Abies lyallii, shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa), and willows (Salix spp.). Associated herbaceous vegetation varies by site [7,9]. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS : NO-ENTRY SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT : Peculiar moonwort is distinguishable from other moonworts in July and August [10].

FIRE ECOLOGY

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : NO-ENTRY POSTFIRE REGENERATION STRATEGY : NO-ENTRY

FIRE EFFECTS

SPECIES: Botrychium paradoxum
IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : NO-ENTRY DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT : NO-ENTRY PLANT RESPONSE TO FIRE : NO-ENTRY DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF PLANT RESPONSE : NO-ENTRY FIRE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : NO-ENTRY

References for species: Botrychium paradoxum


1. Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p. [434]
2. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 148 p. [905]
3. Garrison, George A.; Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Duncan, Don A.; [and others]. 1977. Vegetation and environmental features of forest and range ecosystems. Agric. Handb. 475. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 68 p. [998]
4. Kuchler, A. W. 1964. United States [Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States]. Special Publication No. 36. New York: American Geographical Society. 1:3,168,000; colored. [3455]
5. Lesica, P.; Moore, G.; Peterson, K. M.; Rumely, J. H. 1984. Vascular plants of limited distribution in Montana. Monograph No. 2. Proceedings, Montana Academy of Sciences. 43(Supplement): 1-61. [11656]
6. Raunkiaer, C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 632 p. [2843]
7. Shelly, J. Stephen, compiler. 1990. Plant species of special concern. Helena, MT: Montana Natural Heritage Program. 20 p. [12960]
8. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Region. 1988. Sensitive plant field guide [Idaho]. Missoula, MT. [12274]
9. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2013. Endangered Species Program, [Online]. Available: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/. [86564]
10. Wagner, W. H., Jr.; Wagner, Florence S. 1981. New species of moonworts, Botrychium subg. Botrychium (Ophioglossaceae), from North America. American Fern Journal. 71(1): 20-30. [12967]


FEIS Home