Index of Species Information

SPECIES:  Botrychium montanum


Introductory

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION : Williams, Tara Y. 1990. Botrychium montanum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [].

ABBREVIATION : BOTMON SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : NO-ENTRY COMMON NAMES : mountain moonwort TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of mountain moonwort is Botrychium montanum Wagner. LIFE FORM : Fern or Fern Ally FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER STATUS : Mountain moonwort is rare globally and is imperiled in Montana [7]. It is a regional endemic to Montana [5].


DISTRIBUTION AND OCCURRENCE

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Mountain moonwort is endemic to Flathead, Glacier, and Lake counties in Montana [5]. ECOSYSTEMS : FRES22 Western white pine STATES : MT BLM PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS : 8 Northern Rocky Mountains KUCHLER PLANT ASSOCIATIONS : K013 Cedar - hemlock - pine forest SAF COVER TYPES : 215 Western white pine 227 Western redcedar - western hemlock 228 Western redcedar SRM (RANGELAND) COVER TYPES : NO-ENTRY HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : NO-ENTRY

MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : NO-ENTRY PALATABILITY : NO-ENTRY NUTRITIONAL VALUE : NO-ENTRY COVER VALUE : NO-ENTRY VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES : NO-ENTRY OTHER USES AND VALUES : NO-ENTRY OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : Populations of mountain moonwort may not persist for long periods of time. Trampling should be deterred [5].

BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Mountain moonwort grows to 3.5 inches (8.7 cm) in height. Leaves are glaucous and dull, not succulent [8].. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Undisturbed State: Hemicryptophyte Burned or Clipped State: Hemicryptophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : NO-ENTRY SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Mountain moonwort is most abundant in moist, springy western redcedar (Thuja plicata) forests. It is also found along grassy trail edges. Mountain moonwort occurs at elevations ranging from 3,200 to 6,000 feet (1,030-1,935 m). It may grow in pure stands but is generally associated with Virginia grape-fern (Botrychium virginianum) and occasionally with other Botrychium spp. [8]. SUCCESSIONAL STATUS : NO-ENTRY SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT : NO-ENTRY

FIRE ECOLOGY

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : NO-ENTRY POSTFIRE REGENERATION STRATEGY : NO-ENTRY

FIRE EFFECTS

SPECIES: Botrychium montanum
IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : NO-ENTRY DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT : NO-ENTRY PLANT RESPONSE TO FIRE : NO-ENTRY DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF PLANT RESPONSE : NO-ENTRY FIRE MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS : NO-ENTRY

References for species: Botrychium montanum


1. Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p. [434]
2. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 148 p. [905]
3. Garrison, George A.; Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Duncan, Don A.; [and others]. 1977. Vegetation and environmental features of forest and range ecosystems. Agric. Handb. 475. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 68 p. [998]
4. Kuchler, A. W. 1964. Manual to accompany the map of potential vegetation of the conterminous United States. Special Publication No. 36. New York: American Geographical Society. 77 p. [1384]
5. Lesica, Peter. 1984. Rare vascular plants of Glacier National Park, Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana, Department of Botany. 27 p. [12049]
6. Raunkiaer, C. 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 632 p. [2843]
7. Shelly, J. Stephen, compiler. 1990. Plant species of special concern. Helena, MT: Montana Natural Heritage Program. 20 p. [12960]
8. Wagner, W. H., Jr.; Wagner, Florence S. 1981. New species of moonworts, Botrychium subg. Botrychium (Ophioglossaceae), from North America. American Fern Journal. 71(1): 20-30. [12967]


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