Lycaeides melissa samuelis: REFERENCES


1. Bernard, Stephen R.; Brown, Kenneth F. 1977. Distribution of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians by BLM physiographic regions and A.W. Kuchler's associations for the eleven western states. Tech. Note 301. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. 169 p. [434]
2. Bidwell, Andrew D. 1995. Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) dispersal and habitat disturbance at Fort McCoy Military Reservation, Wisconsin. Stevens Point, WI: University of Wisconsin. 109 p. Thesis. [62185]
3. Black, Scott Hoffman; Vaughan, D. Mace. 2005. Species Profile: Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov, 1944: Karner blue (Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae: Polyommatini), [Online]. In: Shepherd, Matthew D.; Vaughan, D. Mace; Black, Scott Hoffman, eds. Red list of pollinator insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 (May 2005). Portland, OR: The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation (Producer). 9 p. Available: http://www.xerces.org/Pollinator_Red_List/Leps/Lycaeides_melissa_samuelis.pdf [2006, June 6]. [63161]
4. Bleser, Catherine A. 1993. Status survey, management and monitoring activities for the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) in Wisconsin, 1990-1992. Wisconsin Endangered Species Report. No. 99. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: 58-88. [62605]
5. Brown J. A.; Boyce M. S. 1998. Line transect sampling of Karner blue butterflies (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Environmental and Ecological Statistics. 5(1): 81-91. [62198]
6. Buchholz, Kenneth; Good, Ralph E. 1982. Density, age structure, biomass and net annual aboveground productivity of dwarfed Pinus rigida Moll. from the New Jersey Pine Barren Plains. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 109(1): 24-34. [8639]
7. Christenson, Jimmy S.; Lentz, David R. 2001. Steps for success in rare species conservation: the Wisconsin statewide Karner Blue Butterfly HCP. In: A monumental event: proceedings of the Society of American Foresters 2000 national convention; 2000 November 16-20; Washington, DC. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters: 337-346. [62200]
8. Cleland, David T.; Crow, Thomas R.; Saunders, Sari C.; Dickmann, Donald I.; Maclean, Ann L.; Jordan, James K.; Watson, Richard L.; Sloan, Alyssa M.; Brosofske, Kimberley D. 2004. Characterizing historical and modern fire regimes in Michigan (USA): a landscape ecosystem approach. Landscape Ecology. 19: 311-325. [54326]
9. Cole, Kenneth L.; Taylor, Robert S. 1995. Past and current trends of change in a dune prairie/oak savanna reconstructed through a multiple-scale history. Journal of Vegetation Science. 6: 399-410. [50258]
10. Dirig, Robert. 1994. Historical notes of wild lupine and the Karner blue butterfly at the Albany Pine Bush, New York. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 23-36. [63142]
11. Duchesne, Luc C.; Hawkes, Brad C. 2000. Fire in northern ecosystems. In: Brown, James K.; Smith, Jane Kapler, eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on flora. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 35-51. [36982]
12. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 148 p. [905]
13. Forrester, Jodi A.; Leopold, Donald J.; Hafner, Sasha D. 2005. Maintaining critical habitat in a heavily managed landscape: effects of power line corridor management on Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) habitat. Restoration Ecology. 13(3): 488-498. [54703]
14. Garrison, George A.; Bjugstad, Ardell J.; Duncan, Don A.; Lewis, Mont E.; Smith, Dixie R. 1977. Vegetation and environmental features of forest and range ecosystems. Agric. Handb. 475. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 68 p. [998]
15. Greenfeld, Lisa Michelle. 1997. Habitat quality and utilization analysis in a spatial context: the case of Lupinus perennis L. and Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov, (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University. 67 p. Thesis. [62840]
16. Grigore, Michelle Trudeau; Tramer, Elliot J. 1996. The short-term effect of fire on Lupinus perennis (L.). Natural Areas Journal. 16(1): 41-48. [26757]
17. Grundel, Ralph. 1994. The effects of lupine quality and habitat fragment quality on larval feeding intensity in the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Fort Snelling, MN: U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3. Unpublished report on file at: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT. [62845]
18. Grundel, Ralph; Pavlovic, Noel B. 2007. Resource availability, matrix quality, microclimate, and spatial pattern as predictors of patch use by the Karner blue butterfly. Biological Conservation. 135(1): 135-144. [65254]
19. Grundel, Ralph; Pavlovic, Noel B.; Sulzman, Christina L. 1998. Habitat use by the endangered Karner blue butterfly in oak woodlands: the influence of canopy cover. Biological Conservation. 85(1/2): 47-53. [62202]
20. Grundel, Ralph; Pavlovic, Noel B.; Sulzman, Christina L. 1998. The effect of canopy cover and seasonal change on host plant quality for the endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Oecologia. 114(2): 243-250. [62203]
21. Grundel, Ralph; Pavlovic, Noel B.; Sulzman, Christina L. 2000. Nectar plant selection by the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. The American Midland Naturalist. 144(1): 1-10. [62169]
22. Haack, Robert A. 1993. The endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): biology, management considerations, and data gaps. In: Gillespie, Andrew R.; Parker, George R.; Pope, Phillip E., eds. Proceedings, 9th central hardwood forest conference; 1993 March 8-10; West Lafayette, IN. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-161. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station: 83-100. [27003]
23. Hendrickson, William H. 1972. Perspective on fire and ecosystems in the United States. In: Fire in the environment: Symposium proceedings; 1972 May 1-5; Denver, CO. FS-276. [Washington, DC]: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 29-33. In cooperation with: Fire Services of Canada, Mexico, and the United States; Members of the Fire Management Study Group; North American Forestry Commission; FAO. [17276]
24. Herms, Catherine Papp; McCullough, Deborah G.; Bauer, Leah S.; Haack, Robert A.; Miller, Deborah L.; Dubois, Normand R. 1997. Susceptibility of the endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki used for gypsy moth suppression in Michigan. The Great Lakes Entomologist. 30(4): 125-141. [62204]
25. Herms, Catherine Papp; McCullough, Deborah G.; Miller, Deborah L.; Bauer, Leah S.; Haack, Robert A. 1996. Laboratory rearing of Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae), an endangered butterfly in Michigan. The Great Lakes Entomologist. 29(2): 63-75. [62205]
26. King, Richard S. 1998. Dispersal of Karner blue butterflies (Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov) at Necedah National Wildlife Refuge. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 86(1998): 101-110. [62847]
27. King, Richard S. 2000. Evaluation of survey methods for the Karner blue butterfly on the Necedah Wildlife Management Area. Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 88: 67-75. [64998]
28. King, Richard S. 2002. Do summer burns result in adult Karner blue butterfly mortality? Ecological Restoration. 20(2): 143-144. [62849]
29. King, Richard S. 2003. Habitat management for the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis): Evaluating the short-term consequences. Ecological Restoration. 21(2): 101-106. [62557]
30. King, Richard. 2000. Effects of single burn events on degraded oak savanna. Ecological Restoration. 18(4): 228-233. [65031]
31. Knutson, Randy L.; Kwilosz, John R.; Grundel, Ralph. 1999. Movement patterns and population characteristics of the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal. 19(2): 109-120. [30155]
32. Kucera, Clair L. 1981. Grasslands and fire. In: Mooney, H. A.; Bonnicksen, T. M.; Christensen, N. L.; Lotan, J. E.; Reiners, W. A., tech. coords. Fire regimes and ecosystem properties: Proceedings of the conference; 1978 December 11-15; Honolulu, HI. Gen. Tech. Rep. WO-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 90-111. [4389]
33. Kuchler, A. W. 1964. United States [Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States]. Special Publication No. 36. New York: American Geographical Society. 1:3,168,000; colored. [3455]
34. Kurczewski, Frank E.; Boyle, Hugh F. 2000. Historical changes in the pine barrens of central Suffolk County, New York. Northeastern Naturalist. 7(2): 95-112. [41670]
35. Kwilosz, John R.; Knutson, Randy L. 1999. Prescribed fire management of Karner blue butterfly habitat at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal. 19(2): 98-108. [30153]
36. Lane, Cynthia P. 1994. Habitat preferences of the Karner blue butterfly in Minnesota. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 63-72. [63879]
37. Lane, Cynthia P. 1999. Benefits of heterogeneous habitat: oviposition preference and immature performance of Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota. 185 p. Dissertation. [62850]
38. Lane, Cynthia P.; Andow, David A. 2003. Oak savanna subhabitat variation and the population biology of Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 96(6): 799-809. [62206]
39. Lane, Cynthia P.; Weller, Susan J. 1994. A review of Lycaeides Hubner and Karner blue butterfly taxonomy. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 5-21. [63875]
40. Lawrence, William S. 1994. Karner blue butterfly populations in the Allegan State Game Area, Michigan. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 53-62. [63144]
41. Leach, Mark K. 1993. Status and distribution of the Karner blue butterfly at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin: final report on a two-year study. [Madison, WI]: The Nature Conservancy, Wisconsin Chapter. [Prepared for: U.S. Army, Fort McCoy Military Reservation, Natural Resource Management Division, Fort McCoy, WI]. Unpublished report on file at: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT. 50 p. [+ appendix]. [62631]
42. Lyon, L. Jack; Huff, Mark H.; Smith, Jane Kapler. 2000. Fire effects on fauna at landscape scales. In: Smith, Jane Kapler, ed. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on fauna. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 43-49. [40507]
43. Maxwell, Judith Ann. 1998. The conservation of the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov): ecological studies on habitat creation and management. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin. 193 p. Dissertation. [62841]
44. Nabokov, V. 1944. Notes on the morphology of the genus Lycaeides: (Lycaenidae, Lepidoptera). Psyche. 50: 104-138. [62165]
45. Opler, Paul A.; Warren, Andrew D. 2003. Family Lycaenidae. In: Butterflies of North America. 2. Scientific names list for butterfly species of North America, North of Mexico [updated PDF version of Opler, Paul A.; Warren, Andrew D. 2002. Scientific names list for butterfly species of North America, North of Mexico. Fort Collins, CO: Gillette Publications], [Online]. Available: Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta, Department of Biological Sciences: 1-3, 23-30. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/old_site/uasm//Opler&Warren.pdf [2006, August 28]. Link from Texas Entomology website, http://www.texasento.net/. [63169]
46. Packer, Laurence; Taylor, John S.; Savignano, Dolores A.; Bleser, Catherine A.; Lane, Cynthia P.; Sommers, Laura A. 1998. Population biology of an endangered butterfly, Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Lepidoptera; Lycaenidae): genetic variation, gene flow, and taxonomic status. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 76: 320-329. [62170]
47. Paysen, Timothy E.; Ansley, R. James; Brown, James K.; Gottfried, Gerald J.; Haase, Sally M.; Harrington, Michael G.; Narog, Marcia G.; Sackett, Stephen S.; Wilson, Ruth C. 2000. Fire in western shrubland, woodland, and grassland ecosystems. In: Brown, James K.; Smith, Jane Kapler, eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on flora. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 121-159. [36978]
48. Peterson, David W.; Reich, Peter B. 2001. Prescribed fire in oak savanna: fire frequency effects on stand structure and dynamics. Ecological Applications. 11(3): 914-927. [39627]
49. Radeloff, Volker C.; Mladenoff, David J.; He, Hong S.; Boyce, Mark S. 1999. Forest landscape change in the northwestern Wisconsin pine barrens from pre-European settlement to the present. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 29(4): 1649-1659. [33976]
50. Savignano, Dolores A. 1994. Benefits to Karner blue butterfly larvae from association with ants. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 37-46. [63143]
51. Savignano, Dolores A. 1994. The distribution of the Karner blue butterfly in Saratoga County, New York. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 73-80. [63145]
52. Schellhorn, Nancy A.; Lane, Cynthia P.; Olson, Dawn M. 2005. The co-occurrence of an introduced biological control agent (Coleoptera: Coccinella septempunctata) and an endangered butterfly (Lepidoptera: Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Journal of Insect Conservation. 9(1): 41-47. [62207]
53. Schweitzer, Dale F. 1994. Prioritizing Karner blue butterfly habitats for protection activities. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 173-183. [63881]
54. Schweitzer, Dale F. 1994. Recovery goals and methods for Karner blue butterfly populations. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 185-193. [63147]
55. Shiflet, Thomas N., ed. 1994. Rangeland cover types of the United States. Denver, CO: Society for Range Management. 152 p. [23362]
56. Shuey, John A. 1997. Dancing with fire: ecosystem dynamics, management, and the Karner blue (Lycaeides melissa samuelis Nabokov) (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 51(3): 263-269. [62208]
57. Smallidge, Peter J.; Leopold, Donald J.; Allen, Craig M. 1996. Community characteristics and vegetation management of Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) habitats on rights-of-way in east-central New York, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology. 33(6): 1405-1419. [62172]
58. Smith, Mark A.; Turner, Monica G.; Rusch, Donald H. 2002. The effect of military training activity on eastern lupine and the Karner blue butterfly at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, USA. Environmental Management. 29(1): 102-115. [62210]
59. Spoor, Ryk P.; Nickles, Elizabeth P. 1994. Fate of eggs of second brood Karner blue butterfly females. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 47-52. [63878]
60. Sucoff, Edward; Nichols, Thomas; Lu, Ehr-Yang. 2001. Herbicide effects on host plants of Karner blue butterfly and on butterfly development from egg to adult, [Online]. Staff Paper Series, No. 151. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station; College of Natural Resources, Department of Forest Resources (Producer). 47 p. Available: http://fr.cfans.umn.edu/publications/staffpapers/Staffpaper151.PDF [2006, September 25]. [63821]
61. Swengel, Ann B. 1993. Observations of Karner blues and the barrens butterfly community in Wisconsin 1987-1993. Report to National Biological Survey and U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Baraboo, WI: North American Butterfly Association. 81 p. On file with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT. [62613]
62. Swengel, Ann B. 1994. Observations on the effects of fire on Karner blue butterflies. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 81-86. [63880]
63. Swengel, Ann B. 1995. Observations of spring larvae of Lycaeides melissa samuelis (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in central Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist. 28(2): 155-170. [26860]
64. Swengel, Ann B.; Swengel, Scott R. 1996. Factors affecting abundance of adult Karner blues (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Wisconsin surveys 1987-95. The Great Lakes Entomologist. 29(3): 93-105. [62213]
65. Swengel, Ann B.; Swengel, Scott R. 1997. Co-occurrence of prairie and barrens butterflies: applications to ecosystem conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation. 1: 131-144. [62610]
66. Taft, John B. 1997. Savanna and open-woodland communities. In: Schwartz, Mark W., ed. Conservation in highly fragmented landscapes. New York: Chapman & Hall: 24-54. [51500]
67. Tester, John R. 1989. Effects of fire frequency on oak savanna in east-central Minnesota. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 116(2): 134-144. [9281]
68. Tester, John R. 1996. Effects of fire frequency on plant species in oak savanna in east-central Minnesota. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 123(4): 304-308. [28035]
69. The Lepidopterists' Society. 2007. Melissa blue (includes Karner blue): Plebejus melissa (W.H. Edwards, 1873), [Online]. In: Butterflies and moths of North America. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University, Big Sky Institute (Producer). Available: http://www.lepsoc.org [2007, March 2]. [65902]
70. Tolson, Peter J.; Magdich, Mitchell L.; Seidel, Terry; Haase, Gary A.; Fazio, Buddy. 1999. Return of a native. Endangered Species Bulletin. 24(3): 14-15. [30459]
71. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Endangered Species. 2007. Threatened and endangered animals and plants, [Online]. Available: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/wildlife.html [2007, February 22]. [62042]
72. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 2003. Karner blue butterfly recovery plan (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), [Online]. Fort Snelling, MN: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Karner Blue Butterfly Recovery Team (Producer). 273 p. Available: http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/recovery_plans/2003/030919.pdf [2006, August 23]. [63164]
73. VanLuven, David Erik. 1994. Successful captive rearing of the federal endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis), [Online]. In: Fralish, James S.; Anderson, Roger C.; Ebinger, John E.; Szafoni, Robert, eds. Living in the edge: 1994 proceedings of the North American conference on savannas and barrens; 1994 October 15-16; Normal, IL. [Chicago, IL]: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Great Lakes (Producer). 1 p. Available: http://www.epa.gov/greatlakes/ecopage/upland/oak/oak94/Proceedings/Vanluven.html [2006, July 5]. [63764]
74. Wade, Dale D.; Brock, Brent L.; Brose, Patrick H.; Grace, James B.; Hoch, Greg A.; Patterson, William A., III. 2000. Fire in eastern ecosystems. In: Brown, James K.; Smith, Jane Kapler, eds. Wildland fire in ecosystems: Effects of fire on flora. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-42-vol. 2. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 53-96. [36983]
75. Wolf, Joy. 2004. A 200-year fire history in a remnant oak savanna in southeastern Wisconsin. The American Midland Naturalist. 152(2): 201-213. [55434]
76. Zaremba, Robert E.; Gebauer, Stephanie B. 1994. Planning and management for the Karner blue butterfly in the Albany Pine Bush. In: Andow, David A.; Baker, Richard J.; Lane, Cynthia P., eds. Karner blue butterfly: a symbol of a vanishing landscape. Miscellaneous Publication 84-1994. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station: 201-206. [63882]

FEIS Home Page