Re-Framing Forest and Resource Management Strategies for a Climate Change Context

Contents of the ToolBox: Adaptation, Mitigation and the "5-R Strategies"


Fig. 2. Promoting resilience to change. Before- (upper) and after- (lower) thinning treatments to improve resilience to wildfire in pine forests at the Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest, northern Sierra Nevada, CA. The treatment included mechanical thinning plus prescribed fire; resilience was proven highly effective in the treated areas in the aftermath of the 2002 Cone Fire (Ritchie et al. 2007). Photo: John Ahnstead, USFS.