Annotated Bibliography


This bibliography was compiled by Robert Gecy* and Michael Furniss* of the USDA Forest Service. The bibliography has been updated in December of 2009 to include nearly 1,800 citations on climate change and its effects. The papers included in this bibliography address one or more of the following questions:

  • How does Earth’s climate system work?
  • How does climate change over time and what drives those changes?
  • What are the effects, and
  • What can be done to mitigate those affects or adapt to projected climate changes?

In this update, we have expanded the topic outline and added nearly 1,200 citations to the original library. Most of the papers that have been added are descriptions of carbon dynamics in the oceans, the atmosphere, or in terrestrial ecosystems. Our goal is to have 20-40 papers on each of the topics listed (as a minimum) and we have not quite reached that goal yet. We will address this in future updates to the bibliography. Some papers are included that are marginally related to climate change, and more directly related to soil science, hydrology, ecology, and so on.

Every title in this library is electronically linked. As a rule, links are to the published article home (abstract) page for journal papers and to either a publisher link or Google book link for books and book chapters. Abstracts are included for those papers that are open access. For a few papers (32 in this version) there is either no abstract to present, or the contents are not available, except by subscription. Access to article contents also requires a subscription.

This bibliography is primarily intended as a resource for natural resource professionals, but will be useful to all who wish to browse and delve into the study of climate change and its potential effects. Our goal is to provide information and to make that information as accessible as possible. The bibliography is not exhaustive, comprehensive, or fully contemporary, but rather a representative sample of available published literature. Readers are strongly encouraged to consult other reference resources.

Acknowledgements: Special thanks are due to Jennifer Harden of the U.S. Geological Survey for providing access to her library on soil carbon, and to Drew Synan for developing the scripts that facilitated hyperlinking the citation titles.


* Robert Gecy is hydrologist with the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region, Blue Mountains Forest Plan Revision Team, Malheur, Umatilla and Wallowa-Whitman National Forests

* Michael Furniss is a hydrologist with the USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Communications and Applications Program

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