U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Forest Service

Appendix A
Working with Partners for
Bird Conservation

Bird Conservation Accomplishments
Published 2004

This appendix lists the bird conservation accomplishment projects by USDA Forest Service Deputy Areas: National Forest Systems, Research and Development, State and Private and International Programs. This is not a complete set of the many bird conservation actions that have been or are currently being implemented across Forest Service Deputy Areas. It represents bird conservation accomplishment projects from the administrative units that replied at the time of the request.

Projects started before fiscal year 2000 that are ongoing or conducted annually (beyond 2002) are reported as "ongoing" or "annually", with the date of inception included (when known).

I. National Forest Systems

Region 1 (R-1): Northern Region

Regionwide Accomplishments

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Accomplishments by Forest

Beaverhead-Deerlodge National Forest (Montana)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Bitterroot National Forest (Montana)

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Clearwater National Forest (Idaho)

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Custer National Forest (Montana)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Dakota Prairie National Grasslands (North Dakota)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Gallatin National Forest (Montana)

Institutional Commitment

Idaho Panhandle National Forest (Idaho)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Lewis and Clark National Forest (Montana)

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Lolo National Forest (Montana)

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Nez Perce National Forest (Idaho)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Region 2 (R-2): Rocky Mountain Region

Accomplishments by Forest

Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grassland (Colorado)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Bighorn National Forest (Wyoming)

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Black Hills National Forest (South Dakota)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison National Forests (Colorado)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Medicine Bow - Routt National Forests and Thunder Basin National Grassland (Wyoming)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Nebraska National Forest and Associated Units (Nebraska)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Rio Grande National Forest (Colorado)

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Shoshone National Forest (Wyoming)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Region 3 (R-3): Southwestern Region

No accomplishments reported.

Region 4 (R-4): Intermountain Region

Accomplishments by Forest

Ashley National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Boise National Forest (Idaho)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Caribou-Targhee National Forest (Idaho)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Dixie National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Fishlake National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest (Nevada)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Manti-La Sal National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Payette National Forest (Idaho)

Organizational Effectiveness

Salmon-Challis National Forest (Idaho)

Partnership Enhancement

Sawtooth National Forest (Idaho)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Uinta National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Wasatch-Cache National Forest (Utah)

Partnership Enhancement

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Region 5 (R-5): Pacific Southwest Region

Regionwide Accomplishments

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Accomplishments by Forest

Cleveland National Forest (California)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Eldorado National Forest (California)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Inyo National Forest (California)

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Plumas National Forest (California)

Other Bird Conservation Action

Sierra National Forest (California)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Tahoe National Forest (California)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Region 6 (R-6): Pacific Northwest Region

Accomplishments by Forest

Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area (NSA) (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Colville National Forest (Washington)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Deschutes National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Fremont National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Gifford Pinchot National Forest (Washington)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Malheur National Forest (Oregon)

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest (Washington)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Ochoco National Forest (Oregon)

Recreation and Economics

Other Bird Conservation Action

Okanogan and Wenatchee National Forests (Washington)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Olympic National Forest (Washington)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Rogue River National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Siskiyou National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Siuslaw National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Umatilla National Forest (Oregon)

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Wallowa-Whitman National Forest (Oregon and Idaho)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Willamette National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Winema National Forest (Oregon)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Region 8 (R-8): Southern Region

Regionwide Accomplishments

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Accomplishments by Forest

Caribbean National Forest (Puerto Rico)

Partnership Enhancement

Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests (Georgia)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Cherokee National Forest (Tennessee)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Daniel Boone National Forest (Kentucky)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

National Forests in Florida

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Francis Marion and Sumter National Forests (South Carolina)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

George Washington and Jefferson National Forests (Virginia)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Kisatchie National Forest (Louisiana)

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area (Kentucky)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

National Forests in Mississippi

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

National Forests in North Carolina

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Ouachita National Forest (Arkansas)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Ozark and St. Francis National Forests (Arkansas)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Savannah River Site (South Carolina)

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

National Forests and Grasslands in Texas

Partnership Enhancement

Region 9 (R-9): Eastern Region

Accomplishments by Forest

Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest (Wisconsin)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Green Mountain National Forest and Finger Lakes National Forest (Vermont)

Partnership Enhancement

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Hiawatha National Forest (Michigan)

Partnership Enhancement

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Mark Twain National Forest (Missouri)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Other Bird Conservation Action

Ottawa National Forest (Michigan)

Partnership Enhancement

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

White Mountain National Forest (New Hampshire)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Region 10 (R-10): Alaska Region

Accomplishments by Forest

Chugach National Forest (Alaska)

Partnership Enhancement

Institutional Commitment

Organizational Effectiveness

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

Other Bird Conservation Action

Tongass National Forest (Alaska)

Partnership Enhancement

Recreation and Economics

Inventory, Monitoring, and Administrative Studies

II. State and Private Forestry

Forest Legacy Program Accomplishments

State
Project(s)
Tracts
Acres
Total Value
FLP Payments
California
2
2
3,275
$4,850,000
$40,000
Connecticut
5
12
1,261
$2,271,050
$390,000
Illinois
1
3
143
$716,000
$492,000
Indiana
3
3
1,261
$705,000
$411,500
Maine
4
6
32,195
$7,572,000
$5,941,000
Maryland
2
4
966
$2,325,000
$650,000
Massachusetts
12
14
2,468
$8,879,400
$5,059,900
Minnesota
1
2
239
$663,100
$238,000
Montana
1
3
95,255
$23,947,000
$11,795,000
New Hampshire
9
20
47,769
$13,776,072
$7,688,072
New Jersey
4
4
2,340
$13,144,000
$1,662,000
New York
6
6
1,555
$4,773,400
$2,403,400
North Carolina
1
2
2,590
$5,665,575
$4,104,060
Puerto Rico
7
9
1,429
$1,576,875
$791,700
Rhode Island
7
8
914
$2,383,000
$1,483,000
South Carolina
3
3
8,738
$9,010,000
$9,891,910
Tennessee
2
2
8,029
$10,440,000
$5,500,000
Utah
8
14
33,222
$30,187,425
$8,897,425
Vermont
8
11
50,955
$8,738,000
$5,707,000
Washington
8
11
3,411
$19,770,895
$10,219,000
TOTAL
94
139
298,015
$171,393,792
$83,364,967

Definitions:
State = States participating in the Forest Legacy Program; United States of America
Project(s) =
Tracts =
Acres = The area of land encompassed by the project(s)
Total Value = Amount of money to complete the project(s); not derived benefit.
FLP = Forest Legacy Program
FLP Payments = Amount of money the FLP put into the project(s); included in the "Total Value".

III. Research and Development

North Central Research Station (NCRS)

Landscape Ecology Unit, Research Work Unit (RWU)-4153, Rhinelander, Wisconsin

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1 (if applicable)
Strategic Area2
FY Accomplished/Ongoing3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
NCRS, RWU-4153, Region 9, Hiawatha and Huron-Manistee NF's Partnership Enhancement Ongoing Cooperation with the Bahamas Kirtland's warbler Recovery Team.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Hiawatha and Huron-Manistee NF's
Institutional Commitment Ongoing Developing multiple species objectives for Kirtland's warbler management.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Huron-Manistee and Hiawatha NF's
Organizational Effectiveness 2000 to 2001 Consultation on census evaluation and habitat adequacy for Kirtland's warbler.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Hiawatha NF
Recreation Ongoing Research/consultation to support harvestable population of sharp-tailed grouse.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Huron-Manistee NF
Recreation 2000 to 2001 Consultation to increase the focus of Kirtland's warbler to multiple species.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9 Research Ongoing Changing landscapes and avian distribution in riparian forests of the St. Croix River basin.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Huron-Manistee NF
Research Ongoing Kirtland's warbler response to habitat quantity.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Region 9
Hiawatha and Huron-Manistee NF's
Research Ongoing Open lands avian research.
NCRS, RWU-4153 Other Ongoing Draft publications on strategies for assessment synthesis.

1 Region or Unit - Indicates the Forest Service research station conducting the work, the FS region the station is located in, and the Unit (forests or other) where the work was conducted (location). If no specific units are listed, then the activity may have occurred on a number of forests or other study areas throughout a region, or the activity (i.e. consultation or publication) may be a review, synthesis or integration of information (from one or a number of areas, or studies).

2 Identify the strategic area the activity/action is addressing – Partnership Enhancement, Institutional Commitment, Organizational Effectiveness, Recreation and Economics, Research, Monitoring or Other Bird Conservation Action. (All text same as in document)

3 Identify the fiscal year the activity was accomplished - If the activity is ongoing, it is identified as such. Actions/activities initiated before January 2000, which are still ongoing, are also included.

North Central Research Station (NCRS)

Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Ecosystems Unit, Research Work Unit (RWU) - 4154, Columbia, Missouri

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Dijak, W. D. and F. R. Thompson, III. 2000. Landscape and edge effects on the distribution of mammalian predators in Missouri. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:209-216
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, S. K. Robinson, T. Donovan, J. Faaborg, and D. W. Whitehead. 2000. Biogeographic, landscape, and local constraints on cowbirds: the importance of scale to managing brood parasitism. Pages 271-279 in Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts. University of Texas Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, and W. D. Dijak. 2000. Differences in movements and home range of breeding brown-headed cowbirds among three Midwestern landscapes. Pages 100-109 in Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts. University of Texas Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Donovan, T., F. R. Thompson, III, and J. Faaborg. 2000. Ecological trade-offs and the influence of scale on Brown-headed cowbird distribution in fragmented and unfragmented Missouri landscapes. Pages 255-264 in Ecology and management of cowbirds and their hosts. University of Texas Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Burhans, D.E., F.R. Thompson III, and J. Faaborg. 2000. Costs of parasitism incurred by two songbird species and their quality as cowbird hosts. Condor 102:364-373.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, S. Robinson, J. Faaborg, J. and Brawn, R. Clawson. 2000. Approaches to investigating the effects of forest management on birds in the Midwest: how reliable is our knowledge? Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:1111-1122.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, D. Zoellner, G. Bukenhofer, S. Hensley, and G. Houf. 2000. Plant and animal populations. Pages 103-146 in Ozark-Ouachita Highlands assessment: terrestrial vegetation and wildlife. U.S. Department of Agriculture, USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, General Technical Report SRS-35, Asheville, NC.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., and III. 2000. Fragmented Midwestern forests and songbird populations: where do we go from here? Pages 238-251 in Transactions of the sixty-fifth North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference. Wildlife Management Institute.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III. 2000. Fragmented Midwestern forests and songbird populations: where do we go from here? Pages 238-251 in Transactions of the sixty-fifth North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference. Wildlife Management Institute.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2000 Publish research results: Budnik, J. M., M. R. Ryan, and F. R. Thompson, III. 2000. Demography of Bell's vireos in Missouri grassland-shrub habitats. Auk 117:925-935.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, T. M. Donovan, R. M. DeGraaf, J. Faaborg, and S. K. Robinson. 2002. A multiscale perspective on the effects of forest fragmentation on birds in eastern forests. Studies in Avian Biology: In Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2001 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III. 2001. Principles of landscape ecology for conservation of wildlife and biodiversity. Pages 72-82 in J. Dickson (ed.) Wildlife of southern forests: habitat and management. Hancock House Publishers.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2001 Publish research results: Donovan, T. M, and F. R. Thompson. 2001. Modeling the ecological trap hypothesis: a habitat and demographic sensitivity analysis for a migrant songbird. Ecological Applications 11:871-882.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Burhans, D.E., and F.R. Thompson III. 2002. The relationship of songbird nest concealment to nest fate and flushing behavior by adult birds at the nest. Auk, In Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Burhans, D.E., D. Dearborn, F.R. Thompson III, and J. Faaborg. 2002. Factors affecting predation at songbird nests in old fields. Journal of Wildlife Management 66:240-249.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2001 Publish research results: Budnik, J. M., D. E. Burhans, M. Ryan, and F.R. Thompson III. 2001. Nest desertion and apparent nest protection behavior in response to parasitism by Bell's Vireos. Auk 118:237-242.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2001 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, and R. M. DeGraaf. 2001. Conservation approaches for woody, early successional communities in the eastern United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:483-494.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2001 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, and R. M. DeGraaf. 2001. Conservation approaches for woody, early successional communities in the eastern United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:483-494.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Research 2002 Publish research results: Thompson, F. R., III, B. Root, and D. E. Burhans. 2002. Effects of point-count protocol on bird abundance and variability estimates and power to detect population trends. Journal of Field Ornithology. In Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Chalfoun, A., M. Ratnaswamy, and F. R. Thompson III. 2002. Songbird nest predators in forest edge and interior in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Ecological Applications. In Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Chalfoun, A., F. R. Thompson III, and M. Ratnaswamy. 2002. Nest predators and fragmentation: a review and meta-analysis. Conservation Biology In Press.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Woodward, A. A., A. D. Fink, and F. R. Thompson, III. 2001. Edge effects and ecological traps: effects on shrubland birds in Missouri. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:668-675.
NCRS
RW-4154
Region 9
Research 2002 Publish research results: Pagen, R. W., F. R. Thompson, III, and D. E. Burhans. 2002. A comparison of point-count and mist net detections of songbirds by habitat and time-of-season. Journal of Field Ornithology: 73:53-59.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research Ongoing Development of landscape simulation models and bird habitat models for forest planning.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research Ongoing Determine effects of urbanization on songbird populations.
NCRS
RWU-4154
Region 9
Research Ongoing Development of modeling methods to determine viability of songbird populations.

Pacific Northwest (PNW) Research Station

Washington and Oregon

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
PNW RS
Region 6
Washington Department of Natural Resources
Capitol Forest
Research 2003 Evaluate the potential for using bird songs as measures the public could use to compare alternative silvicultural practices; Wilson, T.M., A.B. Carey, and B.A. Haveri. 2003. Spring bird survey at Blue Ridge. Pp. 80-94 in Curtis, R.O, et al. (eds): Silvicultural options for young growth Douglas fir: the Capitol Forest Study-establishment report and first results. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR.

PNW RS
Region 6
Ft. Lewis,
U.S. Army Base
Washington
Research Ongoing Haveri, B.A., and A.B. Carey. 2000. Forest management strategy, spatial heterogeneity, and winter birds in Washington. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:643-652.

Palazotto, N. and D. Manuwal (Univ.Wa.) and A.B. Carey, ongoing. Forest management strategy, spatial heterogeneity, and spring birds in Washington.

PNW RS
Region 6
Synthesis and Integration
Research 1996-2002 Carey, A.B., and R.O. Curtis. 1996. Conservation of biodiversity: a useful paradigm for ecosystem management. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24:610-620.

_____, B.R. Lippke, J. Sessions. 1999. Intentional systems management: managing forests for biodiversity. J. Sustainable Forestry. 9 (3/4):83-125.

_____ 2002. Restoration of landscape function: reserves or active management? Page 238 in E.S. Gardiner and L.J. Brelan (eds). Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests-Documenting Forest Restoration Knowledge and Practices in Boreal and Temperate Ecosystems. Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape, and Planning Report No. 11 and full paper in press 2003 In Forest [British]

PNW RS
Region 6
Synthesis and Integration
Research Ongoing Carey, A.B. 2002. Biocomplexity and restoration of biodiversity in temperate coniferous forest Page 238 in E.S. Gardiner and L.J. Brelan (eds). Proceedings of the IUFRO Conference on Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests-Documenting Forest Restoration Knowledge and Practices in Boreal and Temperate Ecosystems. Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape, and Planning Report No. 11 and full paper in press 2003 In Forest [British].

Carey, A.B. 2003. Management for Wildlife. In preparation for a multichapter book on joint production of wood and other values from forests.

Carey, A.B. 2003. Conservation of biodiversity in managed forest. Book in preparation.

Pacific Southwest (PSW) Research Station

California

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
PSW RS
Region 5
Monitoring Ongoing Ongoing monitoring for population trends of oak woodland birds, several of which show decreasing USGS North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) population trends. Oak woodlands are a priority habitat.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research 2001 Presented and wrote paper on population trends of European starlings in oak woodlands based on oak woodland monitoring funded by R-5 Partners in Flight (PIF). Recommended management practices to help protect the conservation and production values of the oak woodland ecosystem.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine population trends for oak woodland birds. Explore possible underlying causes for significant trends.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Assess the efficacy of point counting as a monitoring tool. Make recommendations for improving the protocols for monitoring birds, including sample size and the number of years needed to establish adequate baseline data, detect trends, and compare treatments.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Model bird-habitat relations in oak woodlands and predict the effects of management practices, including fire and grazing.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Model bird-habitat relations in oak woodlands and predict the effects of management practices, including fire and grazing.

PSW RS
Region 5
Partnership Enhancement Ongoing Developed partnership with Point Reyes Bird Observatory for power analysis of existing point counting data and recommendations for monitoring design.

PSW RS
Region 5
Organizational Effectiveness 2001 Provided input and reviewed PIF Oak Woodland Conservation Plan. Monitoring program is closely aligned with the conservation plan.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Evaluation of habitat needs and availability for Sierra Nevada land birds in four forest types (ponderosa pine, mixed conifer, true fire, and lodgepole pine) over an elevational gradient.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Evaluation of the response of birds of Sierran mixed conifer forests to management activities, including prescribed fire and mechanical silvicultural treatment.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Evaluation of the response of birds of Sierran ponderosa pine forests to prescribed fire.

PSW RS
Region 5
Organizational Effectiveness 2001 Provided data on birds occurring/nesting in burned and unburned ponderosa pine forests for input in prescribed fire National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) assessments.

PSW RS
Region 5
Monitoring & Organizational Effectiveness Ongoing Ongoing monitoring of population trends of oak woodland birds, several of which show decreasing USGS North American Breeding Bird Survey population trends, and develop guidelines for the design of bird monitoring programs using point counts. Funded by R-5 and PIF.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research 2002 Examine population trends of European starlings in oak woodlands, an exotic species that competes with native cavity-nesting birds for nest cavities.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine population trends for oak woodland birds and explore possible underlying causes for significant trends.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research & Monitoring Ongoing Ongoing demographic studies of California spotted owls in the Sierra National Forest (260 square miles) and Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (130 square miles) to estimate density, occupancy of territories, turnover rates, vital rates and site fidelity among pairs and individual spotted owls. Evaluation of the response of owls to management activities such as prescribed fire, mechanical thinning, and uneven-aged management. Provided input to the development of the Sierra Nevada Forest Plan and any amendments to the Forest Plan. Funded by PSW and R-5.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Assess the effects of alternative fuels treatments and timber harvest on California spotted owls and northern goshawks in the Sierra Nevada. NF's.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Status and distributional assessments for select raptors in Region 5 National Forests (northern goshawk, great gray owl, Swainson's hawk, broad-winged hawk).

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Development of bioregional-scale monitoring strategies for California spotted owl and northern goshawk in the Sierra Nevada Framework Plan.

PSW RS
Region 5
National Research & Monitoring Ongoing Development of a national monitoring protocol for northern goshawks.

PSW RS
Region 5
National Research & Monitoring Ongoing Development of a national monitoring protocol for northern goshawks.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Development of a Habitat Conservation Assessment for northern goshawks in California.

PSW RS
Region 5
Klamath NF
Research Ongoing Demography of the Swainson's hawk in northern California.
PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Effects of Off-Highway Vehicles on northern goshawks.
PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Genetic diversity in northern goshawks, Swainson's hawks and great gray owls.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research 2002 Field test of survey techniques for inventory and monitoring of northern goshawks.

PSW RS
Region 5
Lake Tahoe Basin
Research Ongoing Develop indicators of riparian, aspen, and conifer forest conditions and bird species composition and abundance in the Lake Tahoe basin.

PSW RS
Region 5
Lake Tahoe basin
Research Ongoing Evaluate the effects of fragmentation and disturbance on bird populations and assemblages in the Lake Tahoe basin.
PSWRS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Evaluate the effects of off-highway vehicles on bird populations and assemblages in forested environments.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research & Organizational Effectiveness Ongoing Design and implement forest-wide bird monitoring programs (as part of a multiple-species monitoring effort), evaluate sampling efficiency, and develop habitat relationships models to support Forest Plan revisions.

PSW RS
Region 5
Organizational Effectiveness Ongoing Provide technical guidance on the development of a Sierra Nevada-wide monitoring plan for the willow flycatcher.

PSW RS
Region 5
Monitoring & Research 2000 Development of a bioregional survey protocol for Swainson's Thrush in the Sierra Nevada field test of survey techniques. Funded by R-5 and PIF.

PSW RS
Region 5
Organizational Effectiveness 2002 Provided input and technical review of Swainson's Thrush account for California Fish and Game's Species of Special Concern.

PSW RS
Region 5
Organizational Effectiveness 2002 Provided input and technical review of Conservation Assessment of the willow flycatcher in the Sierra Nevada.

PSW RS
Region 5
Research & Organizational Effectiveness Ongoing Assisting with planning, organization, and co-sharing two sessions of willow flycatcher working group.
PSW RS
Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine biotic, abiotic, and anthropogenic conditions in known and potential willow flycatcher meadow habitat.

PSW RS
Region 5
Monitoring & Research Ongoing Development of bioregional-scale monitoring strategies for willow flycatcher in Sierra Nevada National Forests.

PSW RS
Region 5
Monitoring & Research Ongoing Retrospective study of the effects of fire on riparian bird communities in Sierra Nevada forests. Funded by R-5 and the National Fire Plan.

Pacific Southwest (PSW) Research Station
(California)

Redwood Sciences Laboratory (RSL), Research Work Unit (RWU) - 4251, Arcata, California (http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/topics/wildlife/birdmon/index.htm)

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine the effects of Sudden Oak Death (Phytophthora ramorum) on population size, productivity, and species distribution of woodland bird communities.

PSW RS
L RWU-4251
Region 5
Monitoring Ongoing Monitor population trends of riparian associated birds, many of which show declining population trends. Riparian forests are a priority habitat.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine population trends and habitat associations for riparian birds and explore possible underlying causes for significant trends.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Assess the efficacy of point counts and area searches as monitoring tools. Make recommendations for improving the protocols for monitoring birds, including sample size and the number of years needed to detect trends or compare treatments.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Model bird-habitat relationships in forest and riparian habitats to predict the response of bird populations to habitat succession due to effects of natural or management disturbance, including fire, timber removal, plant disease, and grazing. Models would assist with adaptive management planning.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Partnership Enhancement, Research & Monitoring 1998 - Ongoing Created the Klamath Demographic Network, including partnerships with Klamath Bird Observatory, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, and Federal, State and private researchers to examine efficacy of using point counts and demographic stations for monitoring bird population trends over large temporal and spatial scales.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Developed and evaluating bird capture methods and study designs used to quantify land bird productivity for assessing habitat quality and response of birds to habitat change.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Developing methods and a sampling design for monitoring stream-associated birds to assess their relationship with stream and riparian habitat quality.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Partnership Enhancement Ongoing Coordinate and publish proceeding from the 2002 International PIF Conference on Bird Conservation.
PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research & Organizational Effectiveness 2001 Developed and published handbooks and field materials to promote standardization of data for at a National scale.
PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Monitoring Ongoing Evaluating methods for capture and monitoring of small owls in riparian habitats.
PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Monitoring Ongoing Developed and testing a method for rapid assessment of bird abundance, composition, and population structure.
PSW RS
LRWU-4251
Region 5
Partnership Enhancement & Research Ongoing Developed and now testing population a sampling design for monitoring population size and trends of the threatened marbled murrelet. Funded by Federal NWFP, State and private funds, working in cooperation with the marbled murrelet effectiveness monitoring team.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Cross-walking of population density and trend estimates from current and prior marbled murrelet monitoring methods to enable long-term trend assessment for management decisions.

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research 2002 Develop methods for accurately determining the age of marbled murrelets at-sea to better assess the productivity of the murrelet population (Long et al. in press).

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Develop methods for monitoring the effects of oil spills on seabird populations (Miller et al. 2000, 2001).
PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Continued monitoring and analysis of marbled murrelets detections in the forest, including the relationship between numbers of detections and environmental conditions (Ralph et al., in review).

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Examine the probability of detecting murrelets at forest sites, and ranking occupied forest stands by an index of abundance (Stauffer et al. 2002 and in press).

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Research Ongoing Analysis of landscape factors affecting marbled murrelet population trends and nesting habitat selection in northern California and southern Oregon (Meyer and Miller 2002, Meyer et al. 2002, Miller et al 2002).

PSW RS
LRWU-4251 Region 5
Partnership Enhancement Ongoing In cooperation with the marbled murrelet effectiveness monitoring team, developing vegetation classification statistical models for murrelet nesting habitat.

Rocky Mountain Research Station (RMRS)
New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma and Mexico

Research Work Unit, (RWU) - 4351, Albuquerque, New Mexico

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
RMRS
RWU - 4351
Partnership Enhancement Ongoing Participation (3 staff members) in two to four Partners in Flight (PIF) meetings a year.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
Partnership Enhancement, Research,Monitoring, Institutional Commitment, & Organizational Effectiveness Ongoing The Middle Rio Grande Project is a multipartner study with the Middle Rio Grande Conservation District, OSD (Albuquerque), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge. The project's research focuses on the effect of fuel reduction on avian populations, and reducing the frequency of catastrophic fire in public use riparian areas. The project involves implementing control of invasive plant species to improve recreational value/land bird use (of research sites) to the general public. Yearly progress reports are prepared for cooperators and peer-reviewed publications are being produced. Based on the projects results, recommendations were made on future bird monitoring programs in fuel reduction areas. This project is demonstrating the importance of restoring native avian habitat.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
Santa Fe NF
Partnership Enhancement, Research,Institutional Commitment, Organizational Effectiveness, & Recreation/Economics Ongoing The Santa Fe Watershed Project is a multi-partner project with the Santa Fe National Forest, City of Santa Fe, and the Santa Fe Watershed Association. It uses College of Santa Fe volunteers. The Santa Fe Project is providing information that land managers can use for analyzing and restoring watersheds. This project is researching the effect of fuel reduction on avian populations. Study results are being used to make recommendations on future bird monitoring programs, and the bird surveys contribute to the USGS North American breeding bird survey database.

RMRS
RWU-4351
Cibola NF
PartnershipEnhancement, Research, Monitoring,Institutional Commitment, Organizational Effectiveness, & Recreation/Economics Ongoing The Bluewater Creek Project, a partnership with the Cibola National Forest, is an investigation of the effects of riparian restoration activities on avian habitat. The study is providing baseline data for monitoring changes in avian abundance in restoration areas. The Bluewater Creek Project completed bird and vegetation surveys, and established transect for the Cibola Forest's long-term monitoring program. The information will help the Cibola National Forest and other land owners manage avian habitat in high-elevation riparian systems; the project encourages restoration of native avian habitat on the Cibola National Forest.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
PartnershipEnhancement,Research, & Monitoring Ongoing The Valles Caldera Project involves a partnership with the Valles Caldera National Preserve. Bird surveys are being conducted in experimental riparian ungulate enclosures. The project is providing information on avian habitat use in relation to livestock and elk impacts in riparian areas, and establishing baseline data for monitoring changes in avian abundance in impacted (experimental) areas.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
PartnershipEnhancement, Research, & Recreation/Economics 2003 The Golf Course Study, a partnership with the United States Golf Association (USGA), encourages enhancement of avian habitat in high public-use areas. Three years of bird and vegetation surveys and accompanying data analyses were completed.

RMRS
RWU-4351
Gila NF
Partnership Enhancement,Institutional Commitment, & Monitoring 2002 Southwestern willow flycatcher surveys involved cooperation from the Gila National Forest, Pacific-Western Land Company, Phelps Dodge Corporation, the Quivera Coalition, and the U Bar Ranch. The surveys contributed to the USGS North American breeding bird survey database.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
Organizational Effectiveness 2002 Project leader served southwestern willow flycatcher recovery team leader, for the completion of the Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Recovery Plan.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
Partnership Enhancement, & Research 2002 The Neotropical Migrant Bird Study involved cooperation from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the University of New Mexico, and the Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge.

RMRS
RWU-4351
Gila NF
PartnershipEnhancement, Research, Monitoring, & Institutional Commitment 2002- Ongoing The Gila National Forest and U Bar Ranch are partners in the Yellow-billed Cuckoo Study. In this study yellow-billed cuckoos were surveyed for presence and abundance. The surveys led to their status as PIF priority species, and recommendations were made for future monitoring plans. The surveys contribute to the USGS North American breeding bird survey database.

RMRS
RWU - 4351
Research 2002 The neo-tropical migrant bird study provided information about species abundance in Bosque Del Apache Wildlife Refuge.

Rocky Mountain Research Station RWU-4351

Other Bird Conservation Action

Unit participation (by one wildlife biologist and two permanent biological technicians) in:

Southern Research Station (SRS)

Research Work Unit (RWU) - 4101 and 4201, Clemson, North Carolina

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
SRS RWU - 4101
Region 8
Pisgah NF
Research & Monitoring Ongoing Comparing bird abundance and communities in recent 2-age harvests vs. mature forest of two southern Appalachian forest types (cove and upland hardwood) over successional time. Also monitoring fleshy fruit and hard mast production to learn how food resources affect spatial and temporal distribution of birds. This information will help managers understand and plan for the impacts their forest management activities will have on fruit and mast resources, and on birds.

SRS RWU - 4101
Region 8
Pisgah NF and Green River State Game-lands
Research & Monitoring Ongoing Examining effects of several fuel reduction methods (fire, mechanical thinning, thinning + fire) affect bird abundance and communities in the southern Appalachians. Results from this study will help land managers develop fuel reduction strategies that do not harm, or potentially benefit some types of fauna.

SRS RWU - 4101
Region 8
Savannah River Site, SC
Research & Monitoring Ongoing Examine spatial and temporal distribution of birds, fleshy fruit, and hard mast among 5 habitat types since 1994. Fleshy fruit is an important food source for birds; knowledge about how forest management can increase fleshy fruit might benefit birds or mammals. Further, birds are an important dispersal agent of seeds; better understanding the relationship between fruit production and dispersal can help managers understand how birds facilitate natural regeneration of some tree species.

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2000 Published research results on the diet of nestling red-cockaded woodpeckers (RCW) from 3 sites in the SE (Journal of Field Ornithology).

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2000 Published research results on a mobile aviary to assist in the translocation of red-cockaded woodpeckers (Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Canadian Environmental Biologists).

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2001 Published results of GIS-based landscape habitat model for the red-cockaded woodpeckers (Studies in Avian Biology).

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2002 Completed analysis of effects of prescribed fire on the reproductive success of red-cockaded woodpeckers.

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2002 Completed analysis of long-term efficacy of artificial cavities for red-cockaded woodpeckers.

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2000 Published research results on the diet of nestling red-cockaded woodpeckers from 3 sites in the SE (Journal of Field Ornithology).

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2000 Published research results on a mobile aviary to assist in the translocation of red-cockaded woodpeckers (Proceedings of Annual Meeting of Canadian Environmental Biologists).

SRS RWU - 4201
Region 8
Research 2001 Published results of GIS-based landscape habitat model for the red-cockaded woodpeckers (Studies in Avian Biology).

Southern Research Station (SRS)

Research Work Unit (RWU) - 4251, Nacogdoches, Texas

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Strategic Area2
Fiscal Year
Accomplished/
Ongoing
3
Briefly Describe the Action/Activity
SRS RWU - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains,
Arkansas
Research Ongoing Conducted breeding bird surveys on 2,100 plots over 4 years to develop models to predict species presence/absence as a function of stand- and landscape-level habitat measurements. This research was done under the Ouachita Mountains Ecosystem Management Research and Demonstration Project. Managers can use these models to better understand the potential impacts of their actions or inactions on birds and their habitat.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains,
Arkansas
Research Ongoing Initiated research to validate bird models being developed under the Ouachita Mountains Ecosystem Management Research and Demonstration Project. This study will tell us how accurate our models are and whether additional data are needed to refine these models.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains,
Arkansas
Research Ongoing Initiated research in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas to compare nesting productivity and survival of three early-succession bird species under seed- tree and group-selection regeneration systems. This research is important because national forest managers are increasingly using group-selection regeneration without knowing how it might impact sensitive species.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains,
Arkansas
Research Ongoing Conducting research in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas to compare relative abundance, species richness, and diversity of breeding bird communities under different even- and uneven-aged pine regeneration systems. Results will help managers understand how a shift from even-aged management to uneven-aged management is likely to affect breeding birds.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains,
Arkansas
Research Ongoing Conducting research in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas to determine the effects of streamside zone widths and age/structure of adjacent pine plantations on winter and spring bird communities. Findings will aid managers in selecting optimum streamside zone widths to meet the needs of bird communities.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
National Forests of Texas
Research Ongoing Conducting research comparing breeding bird roadside and trans-watershed surveys in the Ouachita Mountains. If data from less expensive roadside surveys adequately characterizing bird communities of large watershed, managers will not have to rely on more expensive trans-watershed surveys.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
National Forests of Texas
Research Ongoing Conducting research comparing bird communities within streamside zones of different width during the winter and spring in eastern Texas. Findings will aid managers in selecting optimum streamside zone widths for bird communities of eastern Texas.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
National Forests of Texas
Research Ongoing Conducting research comparing bird abundance, richness, and diversity under single-tree selection and within even-aged stands of 5 age classes in eastern Texas. Results will help managers understand how a shift from even-aged management to uneven-aged management is likely to affect breeding birds.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ocala NF
Research Ongoing Conducting research on the status, population dynamics, and habitat use of Florida scrub-jays on the Ocala National Forest in Florida. The Florida scrub-jay is an endangered species. Findings from this study will help national forest managers ensure their management activities are contributing to the bird's recovery.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Southern Appalachians
Research Ongoing Conducting research on the effects of timber harvesting in cove hardwoods forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains on neotropical migrants. Forest managers in this region can use this information to support or adjust their timber harvest activities to benefit neotropical migratory birds, many of which are declining in number.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Southern Appalachians
Research Ongoing Conducting research on the effects of landscape pattern, core areas, and forest management practices on avian communities in the Southern Appalachians. Findings from this study will help managers see the larger impacts of their management decisions on the avifauna of this region.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Research Ongoing Conducting research on survival and behavior of fledgling yellow-breasted chats. Information about this relatively abundant species of early succession habitat may aid in developing behavioral models for rarer species of conservation concern.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Research Ongoing Conducting research on avian community response to southern pine ecosystem restoration for red-cockaded woodpeckers. It is important to understand the impacts of red-cockaded woodpecker management on other species of birds, as this management is affecting nearly 2 million acres of national forest lands as well as other public lands in the South.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
West Gulf Coast Plain, Texas
Research Ongoing Conducting research on group size and nest success in red-cockaded woodpeckers in the West Gulf Coastal Plain; helpers make a difference. Sub-regional differences in behavior and success are important to understand. Young males from previous broods often remain with the breeding pair to assist with brood rearing. Thus, group size is often an excellent indicator of population health for this endangered species.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
National Forests of Texas
Research Ongoing Studying the extent of Phellinus pine decay in loblolly pines and red-cockaded woodpecker cavity trees in eastern Texas. This endangered species prefers pine trees with extensive fungal decay to excavate its roost and nesting cavities. Since only mature trees contain extensive fungal decay, findings from this research will help managers select an appropriate harvesting age to meet timber and red-cockaded woodpecker habitat objectives.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Research Ongoing Conducting research to determine if red-cockaded woodpeckers select cavity trees based on the chemical composition of pine resin. Resin is a pine tree's primary defense against bark beetles. Availability of suitable roost and cavity trees is the primary factor limiting populations of this endangered species. Because most of the mortality for roost and nesting trees results from pine beetles, it important to understand why they select specific pines.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
National Forests of Texas
Monitoring 1998-2002 Coordinated/conducted land bird monitoring surveys (180 plots) on the four forested national forests in Texas. Data from these surveys will help national forest managers better understand the effects of their management activities on bird communities.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas
Monitoring 2000-2002 Conducted land bird monitoring surveys on the two districts of the Ouachita National Forest (50 plots). Data from these surveys will help national forest managers better understand the effects of their management activities on bird communities.

SRS - 4251
Region 8
Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas
Monitoring 2000-2002 Conducted land bird monitoring surveys on the two districts of the Ouachita National Forest (50 plots). Data from these surveys will help national forest managers better understand the effects of their management activities on bird communities.

SRS - 4901
Region 8
National
Research 2002 Conducted survey of recreational interests of Americans, with finding that one-third of all Americans participated in some form of outdoor birding in the last year. The increasing number of birders in the United States provides further support for bird conservation on the basis of providing habitat for this important recreational resource. Information was shared in two publications in Birding magazine.

Integration of Bird Conservation into Land and Resource Management Plan (LRMP) Revisions

FS Research Station, Region and Unit1
(if applicable)
Involved in LRMP Revision (Yes or No)
Name and Date of Bird Conservation Plan, Assessment, or Strategy
PSW RS
Region 5
11 Sierra Nevada NF's
Y Draft Oak Woodland Bird Conservation Plan Kings River Administrative Study Landscape Analysis Plan Fire and Fuels Management, Landscape Dynamics, and Fish and Wildlife Resources: An Integrated Research Plan in the Herger-Feinstein Quincy Library Group Pilot Study Area. Landbird Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat Relationships Study Plan.

PSW RS
Region 5
10 Sierra Nevada NF's
Y Vulnerability assessment of vertebrates in the Sierra Nevada Bioregion to prioritize species for conservation efforts under the Sierra Nevada Framework Plan.
PSW RS
Region 5
10 Sierra Nevada NF's
Y Assisted in development of bioregional management standards and guidelines for California spotted owl, northern goshawk, and great gray owl under the Sierra Nevada Framework Plan.
PSW RS
Region 5
California NF's
Y Developed and tested standard survey protocol for northern goshawks adopted by Region 5.
PSW RS
Region 5
Lake Tahoe Basin
Y Monitoring plan development, implementation, and testing, and indicator development for the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit Forest Plan revision.
PSW RS
Region 5
11 Sierra Nevada NF's
Y Vulnerability assessment of the willow flycatcher in the Sierra Nevada Bioregion. Assisted in the development of bioregional management standards and guidelines for the willow flycatcher under the for the Sierra Nevada Forest Plan amendments.

PSW RS
Region 5
11 Sierra Nevada NF's
Y Compiling 2001-2002 willow flycatcher survey data; editing existing records and GIS coverage for 11 Sierra Nevada national forests to assist Sierra Nevada Forest Plan Amendment Review Team.
PSW RS
Region 5
Six Rivers NF
Y Six Rivers National Forest collaborated on study of marbled murrelet occupancy on the forest to be used for Forest Plan. Publication: Status of the marbled murrelet in the Inner North Coast Ranges of California. Northwestern Naturalist 79:92-103.

VI. International Programs

North American Bird Conservation Initiative

International Programs and State and Private Forestry--Major U.S. Habitats

USDA Forest Service Initiatives

International Programs Project Accomplishments

Partner Project Name and Location Primary Purpose Accomplishments
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Kirtland's Warbler(Bahamas) Bird detection surveys, habitat characterizations, and to build partnerships with the Bahamas. Research and training program for the conservation of wintering Kirtland's warbler and associated species in the Bahamas. The project successfully completed an exploratory field season during January 13 through April 7, 2002, with two Bahamian participants accomplishing the following:

Training in avian identification--Intensive field work and training of the Bahamian participants.

Avian census methods--180 point counts were conducted; tape playback transects were conducted between point counts.

Quantification of vegetation structure; mist netting and banding; data entry and analysis; summary reports.A total of 38 species were detected in the 180 point counts in the six habitats on Andros Island and 435 individual birds of 34 species were captured in four habitats.

One and possibly two Kirtland's warblers were detected on Andros Island.

Joe Wunderle made two trips to Eleuthera and eight (8) Kirtland's warblers were detected.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Bicknell's Thrush (Dominican Republic) Habitat Identification, bird detection surveys and to build partnerships with the Dominican Republic. To promote strong coordination and help protect important conservation areas that Bicknell's thrush winters in:
· An exchange trip with staff from the Green Mountain National Forest, IP, TNC, and VINS occurred in February 2002.
· A detailed report entitled "Supporting Natural Resource Conservation and Management in the Dominican Republic: establishment of an international partnership as a conservation strategy for the Bicknell's thrush and other Neotropical migratory birds in the Dominican Republic" was finalized in April 2002. This was translated to Spanish and sent to USADI in Santo Domingo in May 2002.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Shortgrass Prairie Birds (North American Great Plains: United States and Mexico) Develop partnerships and collaborative field projects with grassland habitat managers in United States and Mexico. TNC Prairie Wings staff coordinate with partners in Mexico to:
· Make a management plan for the new Saltillo Grasslands Protected Area. The Pronatura Noreste team is 50% done with this.
· Design and implementation of a grassland bird inventory project in the shortgrass prairie habitat around Janos and Casas Grandes in the State of Chihuahua. The field season is from December 2002 and ends in March 2003.
· USDA Forest Service/TNC/Mexican researcher and agency staff interchange trip occurred between February 20-27, 2002.
· Ferruginous hawk tracking with satellite telemetry is under way with two birds caught and mounted with satellite telemetry as of January 2003.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Central America and Mexico Blueprints (Mexico, Central America) Determine most important migratory bird habitats for conservation action. TNC will conduct its ecoregional planning efforts and design conservation blueprints for important bird habitats. A GIS database of species-level biodiversity is being developed. Trying to ensure that endangered and, where possible, endemic species are captured in the regional portfolio of conservation sites.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Mexico fire and landscape planning Reducing fire threat to ecological integrity of ecosystems. Building partnership with The Nature Conservancy and its Mexico Program. TNC's Global Fire Initiative assists managers to enable them to control wildfire in key bird habitats throughout Mexico. Two main areas of focus: landscape-scale planning and International Fire Management Cooperation. The work is being done by TNC Mexico program in conjunction with their partner in Sonora, el Instituto del Medio Ambiente y el Desarrollo Sustainable del Estado de Sonora (IMADES).

Landscape-scale Planning:
· IMADES participating in the Apache Highlands Ecoregional (AHE) Planning Team and expect the plan to be submitted to the Mexican State government at the end of 2002.
· USDA Forest Service funding facilitated this involvement with the AHE and made it possible for them to: compile and inventory of flora and fauna, draft a list of potential conservation targets for the AHE in Mexico, and make maps for the plan.

International Fire Management Cooperation:
· USDA Forest Service funding partially supported a forum on fire in protected areas in northern Mexico, which was held in Sonora from April 16-18, 2002.
· This forum has led to the formation of the Mexican Fire Network and there are already preliminary discussions with USAID Mexico, TNC and USDA Forest Service to have the Caribbean program and the Mexico program share lessons learned.
· IMADES has made a Mexican fire issues Web page and it is going to be linked up with the TNC Web site.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Caribbean Fire Management Technical Assistance Assist managers to enable them to control wildfire in key bird habitats, reduce fire threat to ecological integrity of ecosystems. Reducing fire threat to ecological integrity of ecosystems. Building partnership with The Nature Conservancy. TNC's Global Fire Initiative assists managers to enable them to control wildfire in key bird habitats throughout the Caribbean.

Belize Workshop
The workshop was well attended (30 participants) and had the following outcomes:
· Caribbean/Central America Fire Management Network formed,
· Web site/list serve ideas were formulated,
· Recommendations for future workshops in the DR and Bahamas.

Ongoing Activities:
· List serve (caribfire) is up and running.
· Web site was initiated, but not yet up.
· Fire Management Mentoring Program hosted one forester from Belize in Florida.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) TNC-USDA Forest Service Indonesia partnership Promoting and assisting timber concessions to meet Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification standards in Indonesia (USDA Forest Service/TNC 2000 agreement). USDA Forest Service 2000 grant was used to hire two consultants to develop specific guidelines that determined what should be feasibly monitored before, during, and after management (including biodiversity monitoring). Guidelines were completed in February 2002. The test pilot was PT Intracawood timber concession.

International Workshop:

· 3-day workshop in Bali, March 25-27, 2002, for The Southeast Asia High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF) Working Group Meeting to talk about the above guidelines and subsequent study.
· Gaps and challenges were identified and next steps are being taken with TNC Indonesia as a participant.

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Bolivia community forest management Support the consolidation of a social, economic and ecologically sustainable forestry process in the communities neighboring the Noel Kempff Mercado National Park (PNNKM). Support and technical assistance for:
· Forestry Planning
Forest Management Plan has been developed and the Annual Operative Forestry Plans (2002) approved by the Forestry Superintendence.
· Forest Commercialization
Negotiations have occurred and a contract has been designed to facilitate the implementation of sustainable forest management in the area around PNNKM.
· Forest Usage
No timber has been harvested as part of the above contract. Palm heart harvests have occurred with close supervision.
· Forest Certification
The certification process will begin when the timber exportation begins and the Forest Management Plan is under way.
· Develop a Training Plan for the communities
A training plan has been developed and the following courses have been held: business administration, accounting, and commercialization and forest production costs. In addition, lectures on socialization of the Forest Management Plan have occurred.
· Support the consolidation of community forest organization
Legal land ownership: the technical judicial evaluation of the territorial claim is under way.
Forestry organization: the group (CIBAPA) has an Annual Plan for forestry activities and is involved in training and forestry commercialization.

Ducks Unlimited Pantanal (Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil) Ecological GIS data base partnership. Change detection, map, habitats, and migratory bird surveys. A final report of the pilot project, in Otuquis (Bolivia) and Nabileque (Brazil) and Rio Negro (Paraguay), was presented in August 2002 with:
· A GIS data and satellite imagery inventory for the pilot area
· Change detection
· Standardized metadata
· Maps, etc.

In addition to the pilot study deliverables, the following has also been accomplished:
· Establishment of a technical network of professionals
· Development of Pantanal GIS email discussion list with more than 200 members
· A proposal for a tri-national land cover classification for the UPRB.

Ducks Unlimited Canadian Boreal Forest(Western Canada) Forested wetlands surveys, research, habitat classification. Oil and gas, forest industry impacts, partnerships. Broad-based conservation activities continue:
· Partnership in southern boreal with Alberta Pacific Forest Industries in a formal MO will result in the development and delivery of a watershed-based conservation agreement plan for their 6 million hectare Forest Management Area. This 5-year effort will require approximately US$2-3 million. The USDA Forest Service has thus far contributed $450,000.
· In the north, a partnership with Aboriginal groups and others to expand protected areas such as the Federal system of National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. A recent success was the Order in Council and formal land withdrawal from the 25,000 square kilometers, Horn Plateau/Mills Lake NWA (southern Northwest Territory with world class wetland systems). The WBFI inventory and science programs are critical to expediting these kinds of protection efforts.

Ducks Unlimited Nariva Swamp(Trinidad-Tobago) Wetland habitat restoration, native forest restoration, native bird re-introductions, fire ecology and management. Three communities around Naive Swamp trained with USDA Forest Service firefighting techniques and educated on the role of fire in fire adapted ecosystems. This in turn has created support for restoration efforts.Topographic survey using GIS and remote sensing is presently being developed.
Ducks Unlimited Copper River Delta (Alaska and Western Hemisphere) Copper River International Migratory Bird Initiative--Field projects, conservation education, research. Copper River Delta Education:
· Live satellite broadcast of shore bird migration with hundreds of classrooms across the country and interactive question and answers.

Digital Wetlands Change Detection and Coastal Land Use Planning Project: Coast of Sinaloa, Mexico
· One third of the shorebirds wintering in the Pacific Coastal region in North America occur in two bays of Somalia: Enemata Abalones and Santa Maria.
· The USDA Forest Service funding is being used to carry out the successful completion of the development of the Shorebird Conservation Plan.

Ducks Unlimited RESERVA Partnership with Ducks Unlimited Mexico--Training Program for Latin American and Caribbean Biologists and others with an emphasis on bird conservation. For more than 21 years the training of protected area managers throughout Latin America has been spear headed by RESERVA.
Miscellaneous North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI) Member U.S. Committee and co-chair Federal Subcommittee. Val Mezainis serves as a member of the U.S. Committee and Jack Capp serves as a co-chair of the U.S. Federal Subcommittee. The accomplishments have included:
· Planning for the tri-national MOU· Planning and attending regular meetings
· Participating in the preparation of a Bird Conservation Workshop with WMI in January 2003.
Miscellaneous Major U.S. Habitats Large scale watershed restoration, Joint Ventures in State and private forest lands (see State and Private Forestry Deputy Area for Lower Mississippi River Valley case study) See Lower Mississippi Case Study in the body of the report.
Miscellaneous International Migratory Bird Day Partner with National Forest Systems in National title sponsorship and conservation education with National Forest Systems. Produce posters and t-shirts with title sponsorship.
Participate in IMBD Bird Fest at the National Zoo each May with National Forest Systems, annually.
Miscellaneous TAKING WING USDA Forest Service Program on wetland and migratory bird habitat conservation in the United States, Latin America, and Caribbean. Taking Wing program awards exceptional bird conservation projects completed by USDA Forest Service projects.

International Program Future Projects