Burned Area Emergency Response, BAER
| Wildland Fire
Wildland Fire Leadership Council
Wildfires frequently burn across a variety of publicly
and privately owned lands. Responding to the conditions
created by wildfires has been the responsibility of individual
landowners and managers of the public lands. Approaches
to assessing, prescribing, and funding treatments have been
widely varied. For several years, federal land management
agencies have been working to become more consistent in
their response to conditions created by wildfires.
In January 2003, the Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC)
agreed to common Interagency Rehabilitation and Restoration
Program definitions, activity timeframes and funding processes,
with the goal that the Forest Service and Department of
Interior (DOI) agencies become more seamless in their delivery
of emergency stabilization and rehabilitation programs after
At the WFLC meeting it was agreed that the Forest Service
and Department of Interior agencies would:
- Limit initial emergency stabilization treatments to
1 year post-fire.
- Monitor, using emergency funds, the effectiveness of
emergency stabilization treatments for 3 years post-fire.
- Repair or replace emergency stabilization structures
or other treatments for 3 years post-fire where failure
to do so would imperil watershed functionality or result
in serious loss of downstream values.
- Fund emergency stabilization and monitoring from an
emergency account for tracking purposes, not directly
from the incident suppression account.
- Supplement emergency stabilization funding using the
Secretaries emergency transfer authority for wildland
fire if annual appropriations plus carryover funds are
insufficient to implement emergency treatments.
- Fund rehabilitation treatments for up to 3 years post-fire
from a non-emergency, non-suppression, wildland fire account.
- Not supplement funding for rehabilitation treatments
using the Secretaries emergency transfer authority.
- Adopt the Emergency Stabilization & Rehabilitation
(ESR)/BAER definitions and timeframes shown below.
|Planned actions within 1
year of a wildland fire to stabilize and prevent unacceptable
degradation to natural and cultural resources, to minimize
threats to life or property resulting from the effects
of a fire, or to repair/replace/construct physical improvements
necessary to prevent degradation of land or resources.
||Post-fire efforts (<3
years) to repair or improve lands unlikely to recover
to a management approved condition from wildland fire
damage, or to repair or replace minor facilities damaged
by fire The continuation of rehabilitation beyond the
initial 3 years of rehabilitation funding or the repair
or replacement of major facilities damaged by the fire.
||Restoration is funded using
appropriated or supplemental funding (for DOI from other
than the wildland fire appropriation).