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Career Information

Continuing Education for Natural Resource Professionals

Workshop Agenda for:

Innovative Approaches to Wildlife and Highway Interactions




USDA Forest Service and University of California - Berkeley

Delivery Options:

The video and study guide that cover part of the "Live/On-site" course. People who complete the study guide can earn college credit for it through the USFWS.

  • Live - Onsite :: check the Sagehen Creek Field Station website.

Travel - University of California-Berkeley
Sagehen Creek Field Station
Truckee, CA

Local Area Information & Maps:
Maps & Directions

Workshop Information

Paying Tuition: Vendor will send payment details upon registration.



Welcome, Introductions, Ice Breaker, Order lunches for lunch trip

Terminology: Terry

Impacts of Highways on Fish and Wildlife: Sandy
Habitat Connectivity and Highways: Sandy
Statewide Connectivity Planning Experiences, Arizona and Florida: Terry and Sandy

Effective Mitigation: Sandy
Lunch at Paynes Prairie State Reserve. Board vans and bring lunches
How to Use Wildlife Behavior to Design Effective Mitigation: Sandy
Attributes of Effective Deer Crossing Structures: Sandy and Terry
The Seven Dwarfs: Terry
Finding the Information You Need on Highway Plans: Terry
Exercise: Designing Barriers for Chiricahua Leopard Frogs: Sandy and Terry
Bridge Opportunities and Hazards: Terry


Field Trip All Day 8:00-5:00

DRAFT Itinerary. Includes lunch stops and refreshment stops along the way. Participants will choose lunch arrangements the first day of class. Guest speakers will provide additional information at each stop.


Case Histories.
Banff: Sandy/Terry
Sebastian Inlet: Sandy
Yellowstone Speed: Sandy
Bat Habitat: Sandy

Planning Wildlife and Fish-Friendly Highways using SAFETEA-LU: Sandy
Exercise: Gleaning Information from your State Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP): Terry
Funding Mitigation Opportunities: Terry
Authorities Pertinent to Highway Planning and Mitigation: Sandy and Terry
Economics of Animal/Vehicle Collisions and Cost Benefits of Mitigation: Terry and Sandy
Summary of Tips to Remember, Evaluation and Close


Sandra L. Jacobson is a Wildlife Biologist and the Research and Management Liaison for the USDA Forest Service’s Pacific Southwest Research Station, Redwood Sciences Laboratory, Arcata, CA. She has a BA in Zoology and a MS in Natural Resources/Wildlife, both from Humboldt State University. Sandra has served as a wildlife biologist for the USDA Forest Service since 1980, working on three national forests at the district and forest levels in California and Idaho. She has worked for the USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, California Department of Fish and Game, and the USDA Soil Conservation Service. As the district wildlife biologist for the Bonners Ferry Ranger District on the Idaho Panhandle National Forests for 13 years, she managed grizzly bears, woodland caribou and other threatened or endangered wildlife in an interagency and international setting.

Sandra’s involvement in wildlife and highways began with the recognition of an important grizzly bear and migratory deer linkage area in Idaho, the McArthur Lake Wildlife Corridor, where she gathered an interagency and local team to maintain the area’s habitat potential. She received a Regional Forester’s Award for this effort and her success at obtaining the first mitigation for wildlife on another highway project in Idaho. She created the Wildlife Crossings Toolkit website. She is a charter member of the National Academies of Science’s Transportation Research Board Committee on Ecology and Transportation, and chair of the Committee’s Reseach Subcommittee. She is a team member for NCHRP 25-27’s Evaluating the Use and Effectiveness of Wildlife Crossing Structures. Recently she was selected as a technical expert for endangered species and ecosystem management for the AASHTO’s Center for Environmental Excellence. She is a member of the UC Davis Road Ecology Center’s Scientific Advisory Committee and an ICOET planning team member. For the SAFETEA-LU congressionally-mandated report on animal/vehicle collisions, Sandra is serving on the expert panel.

Currently, Sandra provides technical expertise and training on wildlife and highway issues for several agencies around the country, and travels widely to present and organize sessions on highway and wildlife topics. Sandra has been married for 36+ years (to the same person), has 4 sons and 2 Siamese cats.

Sandra L. Jacobson - Wildlife Biologist
USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station
Redwood Sciences Lab
1731 Research Park Drive
Davis CA 95618

Office: 530-759-1707
Cell: 503-453-0593
(Please carefully note area codes)

Terry Brennan is Forest Engineer/Arizona Department of Transportation Program Leader for the Tonto National Forest in Phoenix, Arizona. Terry has worked for the Forest Service for 28 years. He is a registered Engineer and has worked in Chicago, Utah, California, Colorado and Arizona. Currently, he is Forest Engineer and project coordinator for an aggressive decade long, $500 million highway construction program by the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) on the Tonto National Forest. For his interdisciplinary efforts, he was recognized as the Forest Service’s Region 3 “Engineer of the Year.” His current efforts include being on the steering committees for “Wildlife Linkages within the State of Arizona”, “Guidelines for construction Projects on Federal Lands in the State of Arizona”, and the update of ADOT’s Erosion Control Manual. Terry helped organize the successful Wildlife Crossings Workshop in 2005, held on the Tonto National Forest where the results of his support of incorporating wildlife needs into highway projects were showcased. He has obtained funding for many projects on National Forest System Lands utilizing Scenic Byway, Transportation Enhancement, Recreation Trails Program funding as well as many other sources. He is married and has three children, enjoys his job, hiking, golfing and camping.

Terry Brennan, PE
Forest Engineer/Arizona Department of Transportation Program Leader
USDA, Forest Service
2324 E McDowell Rd.
Tonto National Forest
Phoenix, AZ 85006

Disclaimers | Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) | Privacy Notice

Forest Service Continuing Education for Natural Resource Professionals
Author: Shelly Witt, National Continuing Education Coordinator,
WFW staff
Phone: 435-881-4203
Expires: none

Photo Credits

USDA Forest Service
1400 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, D.C. 20250-0003
(202) 205-8333

 Last Modified: November 2014