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Adaptive Management Services Enterprise Unit
Fire Behavior Analysis Support for Wilderness Area Fires
In November of 2011, Adaptive Management Services Enterprise Team (AMSET) was tasked by the Rocky Mountain Research Station, Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute to provide retrospective fire behavior and growth analysis for up to 100 fires in the Selway-Bitteroot, Bob Marshall, and the Gila Wilderness areas that occurred in 2007 and 2008, and conduct retrospective fire behavior modeling and spread for alternative management responses to the selected suppression alternative for three fires that occurred within the Bob Marshall Wilderness.
Landscape Analysis for Prescott NF
AMSET partnered with Above and Beyond Ecosystems to complete a Landscape Analysis of existing conditions with a focus on vegetation, fire ecology, fuels, and predicted or anticipated fire behavior for three analysis areas on the Prescott National Forest totaling more than 500,000 acres.
Fire Suppression Skills
AMSET members have a wide range of Red Card qualifications that come from many years of past experience managing forest or district/zone programs that can provide a valuable service and enhance local suppression capabilities. AMSET members are not directly tied to forests/regions/districts and have a considerable amount of flexibility in their schedules that enable them to be available for suppression assignments. AMSET has individuals or groups of individuals that can be used to manage local type three incidents as a small type three team for short term or long duration incidents or individual support for local type three teams. AMSET members can also provide experienced personnel that can serve as a training platform for local forest trainees.
The USDA Forest Service tasked AMSET with assessing the effectiveness of fuel treatments in the Bull fire burn area. The Bull fire rapidly burned in excess of 16,000 acres on the Sequoia National Forest near homes and through a shaded fuel break. AMSET assessed the effectiveness of the fuel treatments in reducing property damage and stopping fire spread to private property. The report can be viewed at: http://www.fs.fed.us/r5/sequoia/
Cleveland National Forest, Descanso Ranger District - Mount Laguna/Pine Valley Community Defense Project
AMSET completed the environmental analysis (NEPA) and Implementation Guide for a fuels treatment project under the Healthy Forest Restoration Act. The analysis was completed with an environmental assessment (EA) and involved two separate communities with different ecosystem types (chaparral and conifer forest). The project proposed treatment of approximately 5,500 acres. Click here for the project website
San Bernardino Mastication Fuel Treatment Monitoring
Little information exists on fuels or fire characteristics in masticated fuel beds. The San Bernardino National Forest contracted AMSET to characterize masticated fuel beds as a foundation for understanding potential fire behavior in masticated fuels.[ More about the Mastication Fuel Treatment ]
Prescribed Fire Monitoring
We conduct monitoring of 54 fuel treatments throughout California. A total of 209 pre-treatment monitoring plots were installed between 2001 and 2006 in coniferous forests, woodlands and chaparral. This project was initially funded by Fire and Aviation Management of the Pacific Southwest Region of the US Forest Service (USFS). In 2009, the Joint Fire Sciences Program sponsored four additional years of post-treatment data collection on forested plots and analysis of data for evaluation of the longevity of fuel treatments. [ More about the Prescribed Fire Monitoring Project ]
Joint Fire Science / Red Mountain Mastication Study
The Greenhorn Ranger District of the Sequoia National Forest requested that AMSET collaborate with them to formally assess effectiveness of mastication fuel treatments in ponderosa pine plantations. Pre and post-treatment fuels (surface and canopy) data were taken as well as fire behavior measurements during the prescribed fire. Site-specific models were created to estimate masticated fuel based on depth. Fuels, potential fire behavior and tree mortality analyses were completed. Findings from this research meet a local need, and also provide practical knowledge to managers in similar areas in the western U.S. [ More about the Red Mountain Mastication Study ]
Groveland Vegetation/Fuels Inventory
The Groveland Ranger District of the Stanislaus National Forest requested that AMSET perform a vegetative inventory required for NEPA analysis of two projects which had been put on the fast track. AMSET assisted with data collection protocol, assembled qualified field crews on short notice, and developed maps with random locations for data sampling points. The field crews, 2 crews consisting of 2 members each, were able to establish over 200 plots within a period of 5 weeks. [More about th Groveland Fuels Monitoring Pilot]
TNF Disturbance Layer
The Tahoe National Forest maintains a GIS layer showing disturbances such as timber harvesting, thinning, and planting. This information is used to evaluate potential effects of proposed activities. The Sierraville and Truckee Ranger Districts needed assistance to bring their layer up-to-date using new aerial photograph imagery, recent harvest plans, and the FACTS database. AMSET checked existing data and added new information as needed. The updated database is compatible with the existing database, and includes additional data relating to the Quincy Library Group data requirements.
TNF LiDAR Contract
The Sierraville District wants to conduct stream restoration projects at several locations. Very high resolution imagery with precise vertical control is needed to conduct the restoration projects. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) imagery can provide this level of precision. AMSET provided Contracting Officer Representative (COR) services to expedite the contract and obtain the raw data within a restricted time period. AMSET also provided oversight to convert the raw data into GIS raster datasets which can be used by ArcGIS.
Meyers Landfill Oversight
AMSET is providing hydrogeologic technical assistance and Level III Contracting Officer Technical Representative (COTR) support for the on-going investigation and remediation of the closed Meyers Landfill, located on Forest Service land in the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit (LTBMU). The landfill which operated for many years under a Special Use permit was closed in the early 1970’s. The landfill generated leachate which impacted surface and groundwater. Leachate flowing at ground surface was eliminated, but groundwater continues to be impacted by leachate from the waste. The Forest Service, and El Dorado County are working to determine the extent of impacted groundwater and select appropriate remediation measures. An impermeable cap has been installed over the landfill to prevent infiltration of precipitation, which is producing leachate and impacting groundwater. On-going groundwater monitoring will determine the effects of the landfill cap and what groundwater remediation may be required.
Joint Fire Science/Effectiveness and Longevity of Fuel Treatments in CA
From 2009 through 2012, we were able to continue the Prescribed Fire Monitoring project described above for a subset of the fuel treatments. Those which received mechanical or prescribed fire treatment and were in coniferous systems (a total of 28 fuel treatments) were revisited to gather additional post-treatment data. The objectives of the grant were: (1) Determine the length of time that fuel treatments are effective at maintaining goals of reduced fire behavior, by measuring effects of treatments on canopy characteristics and surface fuel loads over time, and modeling potential fire behavior with custom fuel models, (2) Quantify the uncertainty associated with the use of standard and custom fuel models, and (3) Assess prescribed fire effects on carbon stocks and validate modeled outputs. [More about the CA Fuel Treatments Project]
USDA Forest Service - Adaptive Management Services Enterprise